I will scatter them, and then I will gather them: Deuteronomy 4:27; 28:64; 32:26; Isaiah 11:12;

Jeremiah 23:8 / Read about the African Slave Trade in Deuteronomy 28 th Chapter.


REPARATIONS NOW IN OUR LIFETIME!


N E W S L E T T E R…….#15


April 2001


"Take direct action against the U.S. government!" Dr. Robert Brock


*********

GIVE POWER AND MEANING TO

THE REPARATIONS MASS MOVEMENT

GIVE OF YOURSELF!


Note from the REPNOW Newsletter Editor:

Is the REPARATIONS NOW IN OUR LIFETIME becoming a force to be reckoned with or What!!!!

At every turn someone, some way, and somehow is speaking positively, and/or negatively about Reparations for descendants of Slaves. Hey, it's all good. This is what it takes to get the word out to the grassroots, the churches, the schools and universities, the Civil Rights groups, the government, and the media regarding compensation for forced migration, enslavement, rape, beatings, maiming, and murder. This Triangular/African Slave Trade was the mother of all "CRIMES AGAINST BLACK HUMANITY."

Until everyone and his momma is talking about Reparations, our job is still cut out for us! And when you see White folks concerned and speaking out against justice and the needs of Blacks, then you know that we are moving in the right direction - WE ARE BECOMING MOVERS AND SHAKERS for empowerment and self-determination for our betterment, as well as for our progeny - something we have not done since being forced to these shores!!! Did you ever notice how issues, matters, and crises aren't important and urgent when they are related to Black Peoples? Well, this is all about to change. Black Folks are coming together to let it be known that WE, TOO, HAVE HUMAN RIGHTS!!! Brothers and Sisters, things have got to change if we are ever to improve our image and our ways. It is now time to ROCK THE BOAT and MAKE WAVES , or remain a sunken and nameless ship whose treasures are forever stolen.

At all costs we cannot abandon, prolong, or postpone our fight for Reparations. Our right to justice served is long overdue, and must be accomplished until the cries of our forebears can no longer be heard deep in our souls. Our enslaved families that died and endured relentless despair and untold merciless suffering won't rest until we, their offspring, attain a more profound status in this World resulting from all their blood, sweat, and free labor that established economic power and authority on this globe for privileged White Folks! Yes, we are stigmatized and ostracized and yet bear the scars of oppression, inequality, and discrimination particularly in the countries that took us captive out of Africa, but with Reparations, we can finally begin to change the negative image of Black Peoples all over the World.

Right now, we are on a roll! Don't hold back, and don't allow the enemy to dictate our needs or suppress our cries for Reparations because fighting for this cause is "the right thing to do." It seems everyone in power and authority is using this phrase these days, so we might as well do the same but MEAN IT!!!

Tziona Yisrael, Editor
REPNOW Newsletter
[www.thelawkeepers.org]

*********

Stay strong in the struggle; we will win!



Dejoser


*********


NEW YORK TIMES ON REPARATIONS AND THE UN WORLD CONFERENCE AGAINST RACISM:

The December 12th Movement International Secretariat, the International Association Against Torture and North-South XXI have for many years at the United Nations fought for the issues of:

  1. Declaration of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade and Slavery as a Crime against Humanity
  2. Reparations for Africans in the Diaspora and on the Continent
  3. The economic basis of racism. The US has tried everything it can to suppress and eliminate discussion or consideration of these issues at the UN, in general, and at the World Conference, in particular. When media, such as the NY Times, are forced to acknowledge that there is a debate going on around these issues, it reflects that the movement is growing and cannot be ignored. We have to step up our organizing for the World Conference.


The following article on Reparations and the UN World Conference against Racism appeared in the New York Times on Sunday, March 4, 2001:



GLOBAL LOOK AT RACISM HITS MANY SORE POINTS



UNITED NATIONS, March 1 A conference on racism this summer could be one of the most explosive meetings this organization has ever held, with moves afoot to cast globalization as a racial issue and to demand reparations for the slave trade and colonialism.

Though the conference is still six months away, the agenda is already being passionately debated, and an increasingly broader range of issues is falling under the rubric of race.

The meeting to be held in Durban, South Africa, from Aug. 31 to Sept. 7 was first proposed by developing nations led by Cuba, and it was always expected to have something of an anti-Western bias.

But the opportunity to air grievances rarely heard on an international platform has been seized by groups in developing nations too, from China to Chile, that want to force often hidden and extraordinarily sensitive issues into the discussion.

Beyond consideration of the North- South hemispheric divide as a color line, those issues include treatment of immigrants and asylum seekers in developed countries, the caste system in India and contemporary slavery in Africa as well as discrimination in Latin America and parts of the Caribbean against people of African descent.

Governments in some regions have been fighting consideration of many of those issues. But human rights groups, often linking through the Internet, have gained more leverage than ever against the governments that have elbowed them out of the spotlight in the past.

The aim, the human rights advocates say, is to demonstrate that racism is an international phenomenon that manifests itself in many forms. And they point to the full title of the event the World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance to buttress their argument. Two earlier meetings held in 1978 and 1983 were more narrowly focused.

"The last two conferences on racism were about foreign policy," said Gay J. McDougall, executive director of the International Human Rights Law Group in Washington. "The first one was on decolonization and the second one was on apartheid. But this one is in everybody's back yard, and there's a lot of nervousness about it."

Ms. McDougall is among those pressing for strong international action on the slave trade and the legacy of colonialism on behalf of people of African descent all over the Western Hemisphere. But she has also backed calls to put the Indian caste system, which human rights groups say affects between 100 million and 200 million people, on the conference agenda, over the strong objection of the Indian government.

Smita Narula, who has been studying caste for Human Rights Watch in New York, said that "for Asia, caste has become coterminus with race inasmuch as it defines the exclusion of a people based on their descent." But so far, she said, Asian governments have succeeded in keeping the issue out of conference documents.

Representatives of governments will begin a four-day meeting in Geneva on Tuesday to discuss the conference agenda and the content of documents to be issued in Durban. Some new issues have been assured a place in the conference, and battle lines have been drawn for others in four regional meetings in France, Senegal, Chile and Iran.

In Strasbourg, France, the issue of Europeans' treatment of Roma, or Gypsy, people was put on the agenda by governments themselves. In Santiago, Chile, strong lobbying by African-American groups gave new visibility to racial discrimination in Latin America. And in Dakar, Senegal, where delegates were very strongly in favor of reparations for the trans- Atlantic slave trade, the new president of Senegal, Abdoulaye Wade, cautioned the conference against looking only to history when examining Africa's problems. Ethnic intolerance and the continuation of slavery are still issues.

The big story for me," said Ms. McDougall who is also a member of the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and attended the Santiago meeting "was the cross-regional discourse that was generated in a new way among African-descended communities throughout the hemisphere, the poorest of the poor." When the meeting was over, she said, the topic of discrimination against black Latin Americans, which was not in the draft of the regional platform, had been added. "It was a recognition for the first time in a multilateral document in Latin America that racism was an issue of current salience," she said.

The Tehran meeting, grouping the Middle East and Asia, was the most contentious, and there was a move to revive something of the old cold war shibboleth of Zionism as racism. Though the word Zionism was not used, official delegations urged the Durban conference to demand an end to the "foreign occupation" of Jerusalem and characterized Israeli domination of Palestinian areas as "a new kind of apartheid, a crime against humanity, a form of genocide, and a serious threat to international peace and security. "Kishore Mahbubani, the author of "Can Asians Think?" and Singapore's ambassador to the United Nations, said in an interview that "racism is a sunrise issue."

"It is a natural result of a shrinking globe," he added. "Races that in a sense never had contact with each other are thrown together in close proximity in a new neighborhood. The first sign of this is the new wave of immigrants."

But most controversial is an international movement to make concrete demands for reparations for the trans-Atlantic slave trade and for some form of compensation for centuries of colonialism.

Mary Robinson, formerly the president of Ireland and now the United Nations commissioner for human rights, generally supports such demands, particularly in finding some form of recompense for slavery. "That trauma is still there," she said in an interview, "and it's deep, and it hasn't been properly acknowledged."

Mrs. Robinson said the conference could achieve concrete results just by urging the enforcement of existing laws and international conventions against bias and discrimination. "About 85 percent of measures that can be taken are already in force or will be agreed on without difficulty," she said. "Then there will be a number of issues on which political leadership will be needed.

"One of them will be how we find the language to condemn in full terms the evil of slavery, returning to the issue of compensation for past practices. "It may sound strange that we still have to do that, but in fact we need to close off a period and say that this exploitation was in real terms a crime against humanity when it took place and that it has had an effect into this century. The more generous and open the condemnation is, the less I believe there will be a push to focus on precise monetary compensation."

By Barbara Crossette

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/04/world/04RACE.html
(Portions of this article were also published in The Plain Dealer International , out of Cleveland, Ohio)


*********


RIDING THE REPARATIONS BANDWAGON

A WHITE WOMAN'S PERSPECTIVE



March 2, 2001


I admit it. I, a middle aged white woman, have jumped on the Reparations "band wagon". When I was asked several years ago if I thought reparations for the enslavement of African Americans were in order, I stammered and shuffled my feet and said, "it depends". A safe response for a liberally minded white woman who had absolutely no idea what I was really being asked. Like so many other whites (and people of color) I thought reparations was only (and all) about money. I thought reparations meant someone tossing out an arbitrary number and someone else (the government) writing a check and that was that.

This is exactly why most white people who hear and/or read about the Reparations movement get nervous and defensive and respond with one of several classic objections:

1) "I didn't have slaves, nor did my family benefit from slavery."

2) "Slavery hasn't existed for over 140 years, why do we have to pay for something that happened then."

3) "Blacks have been getting preferential treatment for years and frankly I'm tired of it."

4) "It is only going to divide us more."

There are of course dozens of other responses but these seem to be four of the most popular and the most worthy of addressing in such a brief article.

First of all Reparations is not a recent notion nor is it something born out of the 60's civil rights movement. Reparations advocates (both black and white) have been around for over 100 years. Reparations is a verb and not a noun. The movement is a process of exploring the damages inflicted upon the descendants of those who were kidnapped and held captive in the United States throughout a period of several hundred years and dialoguing about potential compensatory remedies. Also included in this exploration are all the corporations and governmental organizations who benefited from the slave industry and who are prosperous today because of their practices.

No one would argue that receiving an inheritance from a relative might affect what kind of future one might have. African Americans have inherited the injustices inflicted upon their ancestors and are living with them today in various forms. For those who are not educated about our American history, it is tempting to view the few civil rights laws and affirmative action programs of the last 30 years as remedies for several hundred years of hatred, mistreatment and oppression.

As Congressman John Conyers pointed out at the Race Relations Institute Conference on Reparations in Nashville in February, those who are promoting reparations on the governmental level are (at this point) only requesting a study of the damages. These damages are not limited to money, and frankly, there is not a dollar figure large enough that could provide healing and justice for all the victims of the legacy of slavery. And, it is not even concluded that money will be the end result of reparations.

So far the government has refused to support a study. This does not mean studies are not being done, just that the government refuses to acknowledge them.

It is telling that many Americans don't object to billions of dollars being spent on strategic air missile defense systems -- which don't even work or the money spent on the studies which examine why they don't work. And yet, many white Americans vehemently object to a study of Reparations -- something that could specifically identify the injustices heaped upon our African brothers and sisters which have had lingering effects. A study of Reparations is a study of our history and something that could help promote racial healing and justice for blacks and whites alike.

In regards to one of the primary objections, my family didn't have to own slaves in order for me to benefit from slavery. As a white woman I have enjoyed first class privileges my entire life and I do not come from an upper middle-class family. In fact I have never forgotten the shame of seeing my mother pay for groceries with food-stamps when our family was destroyed. But regardless of my economic status, I was (and am now) the recipient of numerous invisible advantages every day. I never knew what those advantages were or meant until I started working with those who dealt with discrimination and oppression all of their lives. As a white person, understanding the insidious nature of racism was an effort to educate myself because it had no bearing on my everyday life. I couldn't see it so it didn't exist for me. I had to open my mind in order to see that racial discrimination is a stain in the fabric or our American culture. I'm not just referring to the obvious kinds of racial injustices but all the subtleties that keep people of color enslaved -- today.

As far as blacks receiving preferential treatment they most certainly do. Blacks and other people of color are preferred targets of the police and other law enforcement officials. People of color are certainly recipients of preferential treatment in our criminal justice system as is evidenced by the fact that they receive longer sentences for the same crimes committed by whites. It is certainly preferable to many white owned financial institutions to deny home loans to people of color in particular neighborhoods where whites are the majority.

A cursory study of the criminal justice system will support these allegations in black and white. When we look at the figures of who is in prison and we realize that there were few (if any) prisons in America during slavery we must ask ourselves some honest questions. Why are American prisons one of the fastest growing businesses in this country? Is it possible that our prison system has replaced slavery on some level? Are black men (and women) less threatening when they are held captive in controlled environments? These are all very complicated questions that are relevant to the issue of reparations and in need of consideration.

I'm most fascinated when I hear someone suggest that reparations will only serve to further divide the races and therefore should be abandoned. I can think of nothing more divisive than what has already been done to African Americans in this country. Are white Americans honestly convinced that race relations are so good now that we don't want to jeopardize them?

Learning about and acknowledging another's oppression does not take anything away from me. If anything, I have benefited enormously from re-visiting history and making connections between the historical truths and contemporary social ills. I've also learned a great deal from those who have been brave enough to tell their stories. This is another reason I believe so strongly in the Reparations movement. The road to healing race relations is the process of discovery and listening. When whites and blacks join together to look truthfully at the past and jointly explore what the damages were (and are) to those of African descent, it is clear that money is not the only solution. Healing can occur in many forms and no one -- so far that I know - is suggesting that money is the total solution.

After hearing some preliminary figures of how much the U.S. government profited from taxing the slave trade (it's not that far from George W's proposed tax cut ironically) I personally believe that a check of some kind must be written. But again, it is only part of the solution.

We whites need healing too. Otherwise we wouldn't get so angry when we hear the words reparations or compensatory remedies. It's not the words that cause such a violent reaction in some, it is something much deeper that we must address. Our own fear, hatred and anger has done a number on us whites.. It has made us arrogant. And our arrogance is just a by-product of our ignorance -- which fortunately can be remedied if we can stop blaming the victims long enough to seek the truth.

It is often our arrogance that prompts us to dismiss (out of hand) the idea of reparations. We have been in the driver's seat for so long that we can't abide the notion that someone else might have another route worth exploring.. I say let's scoot over to the passengers seat and ride the Reparations band-wagon. No one knows where we will end up but we will at least end up there together -- which is better than where we are right now.

By Molly Secours mollmaud@telalink.net

Ms. Secours is counselor, writer and racial dialog
facilitator and lives with her musician husband in
Nashville, TN.

Copyright (c) 2001 Molly Secours. All Rights Reserved.
(Permission was granted to publish this article.)

Molly Secours
"Only when we cease to scream with activity
can we hear the gentle murmur of peace within."

M.Secours
PO Box 681
Mt. Juliet, TN 37122

http://www.steveconn.com/molly

***
Ms. Secours' candid remarks on Reparations are greatly appreciated. She did well in presenting her caring views on how the matter of Reparations should first be addressed. Although, my personal views might differ in depth and detail, Ms. Secours is deserving of prime kudos.

*********


LOCAL PRESS

ATLANTA WILL BE THE SITE FOR A GLOBAL AFRICAN CONFERENCE

Atlanta Daily World



Officials with The Center for Constitutional Rights and the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition have partnered with other leaders and activists to stage a global conference on Africa to be held in Atlanta this winter.

The "State of the Black World" conference will convene in Atlanta November 28, through December 2, at the Georgia International Convention Center.

Invitations have been extended to civil rights activists here and abroad, but it was not reported that any have confirmed they will attend.

A similar conference was held more than 31 years ago, titled the Congress of African People.

"The SOBWC is envisioned as the first great gathering of the African peoples of the world in the new century and millennium," said Ron Daniels, executive director of the Center for Constitutional Rights.

"It is viewed as a vehicle to confront the multitude of crises facing Black people."

The conference will also serve as a vehicle to form strategies that will restore Africa as a leading force on the world stage. In that spirit, the planning committee has adopted the theme "Creating Our 21st Century."

People of African descent must begin to create their own futures, according to Joseph Beasley, Southern Regional Coordinator for Rainbow/PUSH.

"It is high time that our people begin to stand up and come together," he said. "We are of the race, but it is high time we be about the race. There is nothing wrong with being for the race."

Daniels, Beasley and others including Markel Hutchinson, CEO/founder of the National Youth Connection are expecting upwards of 5,000 Blacks to attend the conference.

"Black people from all corners of the globe will meet here to face the reality that the colorline, as W.E.B. DuBois described it, afflicts us all everywhere," Daniels said.

Racism, White supremacy, colonialism, neo-colonialism, poverty, hunger disease genocide and fratricide are also problems that will be addressed at the conference according to Daniels.

Though a supporter of the event, Faheem Martin, of the Kalonji Brotherhood said he also hopes there will be some form of action created that attendees will be able to implement in their respective communities.

Rest assured, there definitely would be, according to Daniels.

"A set of goals and objectives have been outlined," he said. "We hope to identify, analyze and discuss the critical crises and issues facing Black people. We also hope to provide some sort of leadership and skill development training to enhance our collective capacity to engage the struggle for liberation."

Organizers also hope to use the conference to heal the centuries old estrangement between African and African American peoples.

"Our agenda also includes discussion of meaningful definitions of liberation and reconstruction, intensifying the global movement for reparations and working towards the convening of an International Black Arts and Cultural Festival," Daniels explained.

Organizers hope to convene the festival in 2004 in Haiti to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the Haitian Revolution.

"A conference of this magnitude is long overdue,' said conference organizer Patricia Johnson.

For more information, call 1-866-ATL-SOBW or visit www.TBWT.com

by Mashaun D. Simon

This article was contributed by T'zirah Baht Yehudah

*********


AFRIKAN WORLD REPARATIONS AND

REPATRIATION TRUTH COMMISSION

P. O. BOX TN 1127, ACCRA, GHANA WEST AFRICA FAX: 233 21 777098

MEMORANDUM



TO: SELORM TECLU

FROM: AFRIKAN WORLD REPARATION AND
REPATRIATION TRUTH COMMISSION (AWRRTC) EXECUTIVE MEMBERS AND ELDERS

SUBJECT: DISMISSAL FROM AFRIKAN WORLD
REPARATION AND REPATRIATION TRUTH COMMISSION (AWRRTC)

DATE: 19TH FEBRUARY, 2001


Effective, 8 February, 2001 AWRRTC Executive members and Elders met and decided your immediate "Dismissal" from the Afrikan World Reparations and Repatriation Truth Commission (AWRRTC).

Reasons for such a decision are outlined in the attached memorandum below, dated 11 January, 2001, as well as your refusal since receiving this memorandum (11 January) to attend AWRRTC's weekly meetings, to answer to the charge of 'Breach of Trust'.

AWRRTC Executive Members and Elders are kindly requesting that you return all documents belonging to AWRRTC, and do "not" speak, correspond, nor carry-on any business affairs on behalf of AWRRTC.

cc:(i)Co-Chair Debra Kofie
Cotonou Benin

(ii)NCOBRA, USA

***

AFRIKAN WORLD REPARATIONS AND REPATRIATION TRUTH

COMMISSION

P. O. BOX TN 1127, ACCRA, GHANA WEST AFRICA FAX: 233 21 777098



MEMORANDUM



TO: SELORM TECLU

FROM: DR. HAMET M. MAULANA, (Co-Chair Afrikan
World Reparation and Repatriation Truth Commission (AWRRTC)

SUBJECT: YOUTH STUDY GROUP

DATE: 11th January, 2001



Selem, after the last meeting with you, 17th December, 2000 and reflecting on your statements concerning your Leadership position and influence over the Youth Study Group, it comes now time herein for me to respond as Co-Chair of AWRRTC.

Please know that AWRRTC considers the Ghanaian youth to be absolutely essential and significant in its Reparations Claim for Mother Africa. The Ghanaian youth is one of the medians AWRTC needs to help educate the general Ghanaian population in their various ethnic languages about the Reparations Claim. AWRRTC considers the youth to be a 'Critical' factor in the Reparations and Repatriation movement.

Briefly, do know what is at issue here with AWRRTC concerning you is a 'Breach of Trust'. Breach of Trust is predicated upon you telling me 17th December, and I quote you:

"I did not want the youth in the 'Study Group' to feel that I was using them, by telling them that the idea of the Study Group is affiliated with AWRRTC. Because they may not want to be apart of AWRRTC. So, I never mentioned AWRRTC's interest or connection with the Study Group". End of quote. Also, you said that you are going to register the study group in the name of illumini'. Selam, I believe you have been with the study group since its inception in August, 2000. This was a period of over four (4) months, while meeting on a weekly basis. Selam, are you telling me that you never once in this time period, as a senior member of AWRRTC, who had just attended an NCOBRA National Conference on Reparations in Washington, D.C. USA (June 14-20, 2000), representing the interest of AWRRTC, had never once taken the time to announce to the Youth Study Group, AWRRTC's interest and position with this Group?

Selam, first of all, if I may recall to your attention, Co-Chair Lady Debra Kofie and myself, along with you, after AWRRTC's 2nd International Historic Reparations and Repatriation Conference in Accra, July 28-30, 2000; we both advised you in the interest of AWRRTC on how to best go about laying out the modalities and parameters in setting up an AWRRTC "Youth Study Group. You heard us out very well on this matter, and agreed to pursue the project at per recommendation from AWRRTC Co-Chairs. I even met with you in the month of September,2000 at your work site office (Institute of Economic Affairs), to reinforce AWRRTC's position vis-a-vis establishing the Youth Study Group.

Selam, to this end, I felt the compelling need to tell you that in the struggle for Reparations and Repatriation for African peoples, "TRUST" is Paramount to the success of our overall mission.

This is absolute in light of the fact that there is so much International 'Provocateuring' trying to undermine, or, outright derail Africa's Reparations Claim against European nations, as well as the USA.

EMAIL:awrrtc@hotmail.com

*********


…let's work together to heighten this righteous call for justice.

Peace and Power,
Ukali
*********


NEWSLETTER

BANTU-LAND Grassroots Messages!


Volume XXIV ISSUE 1


MARCH 8, 2001

ST. LOUIS HOSTS REPARATIONS AWARENESS DAY FORUM

ON UNITED NATIONS WORLD CONFERENCE AGAINST RACISM


On Sunday February 25, 2001 at 2:pm the Clifford Wilson Center was the site of the Sunday Forum. The event was sponsored by the December 12 th Movement International Secretariat, National Black United Front (NBUF), National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America (N'COBRA), Malcolm X Grassroots Movement (MXGM).

The forum facilitator, Mr. Alphonso Lumpkins (NBUF/N'COBRA member) , welcomed the more than 100 people who came to the program and gave them some insight on NBUF's efforts in bringing the charges of Genocide before the U.N.

The local chapter of N'COBRA was introduced to the gathering by its Male Co-Chair Alvin Brown who began by first explaining the purpose of the N'COBRA surveys in helping to determine the manner of Reparations our people would like then inviting those present to fill-out one of the surveys. The local chairperson of the Youth Commission, Richard Phillips, spoke about the April 4, 2001 walk-out that is being led by the Tupac Generation and sponsored by N'COBRA's National Congress of Economic Development Commissioners. The local N'COBRA Treasurer, B. J. Brown was introduced and she ended by inviting all present to join N'COBRA. X. Peter Clark , local N'COBRA Secretary, spoke on education's importance, and N'COBRA's demand in this area. The Female Co-Chair Diane Allen (Lady D) then summed up N'COBRA's message reminding all that this was Reparations Awareness Day, and the need for Reparations because among other things "we have lost our minds!"

Sister Colette Pean was introduced and she began by reminding us that "as Malcolm said"...."go to the U.N." She said that the UNWCAR (Aug. 31 thru Sept. 7, 2001 in South Africa) will be a continuation of the work of D12 and NBUF and N'COBRA to get the question of our HUMAN RIGHTS on the world stage. She explained how previously the African Group at the UN had banned together and presented a statement saying that the "Atlantic Slave Trade" was a crime against Humanity and a violation of the Human Rights of Africans by those Nations engaged in the trade. (The U.S. through its ambassador to the U.N. by threathening to cut off aid to these countries, had this resolution removed)

She told us that this conference has been 2 years in the making; that there are some 184 Nations in the U.N., and that the United States has fought against holding this conference. She said that this is the third world conference against racism, and gave us some insight to the previous two. She compared the efforts that were given by the U.S. for previously held conferences of this nature, then compared that to the fact that "not one national or regional meeting was held or scheduled to be held within the United States for this very important (to us...this is our conference....something that we can give factual information about) UNWCAR. She stated that the best place to hold the conference would be the U.S. in New York where the U.N. has its headquarters. The United States offers accessibility via roads, communication etc., that other countries cannot offer. There are some 40 million African descendents here, and combined with the large numbers in South America (Brazil which is close to 60% Black; Columbia with some 15 million Blacks caught in the middle of a drug war and a civil war) Latin America and the Caribbean and Canada the western hemisphere has plenty of African descendents to give factual testimony to the effects of Slavery and Racism and it's effects on us today.

She explained the "Durban 400", and the need to have grassroots people addressing the African Nations and NGO's that will be present. It is important that the central issues of this conference be about a Declaration that the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade and Slavery be classified as a Crime against Humanity; the Reparations be paid [although at the present time the word Restitution has be put in brackets] and that NGO organizations such as D12 play a key role in accomplishing these goals.

After a very informative presentation, the forum was opened for questions from those present. The questions were varied, and the age group of questioners ranged from grade school age to our senior citizens. And of course, also present was the element that feels that we should not be seeking Reparations or that Reparations are due to the descendents of Slaves and tried their best to defend the United States Government. {This was good because the people present were able to witness the fact that in South Africa as here in the U.S. everyone who is Black will not be there speaking on our behalf demanding Reparations.}

Special thanks were given to the United Black Community Fund which made the Wilson Center available. The forum ended with everyone invited to participate in a Caribbean dinner, which the local Haitian Community had prepared in honor of our main speaker, Sister Colette Pean.

Alvin Brown - Male Co-Chair
N'COBRA/ST.LOUIS

Contributed by abantu@swbell.net

MALCOLM X. GRASSROOTS MOVEMENT


P.O.BOX 831
FLORISSANT, MO.63032

*********

Onaje Muid gave a presentation before lawyers at Columbia University last evening (February 28, 2001) along with Sis. Deadria Farmer-Paellmann, who began the research and struggle against Aetna, Bro. Charles Barron, community activist and Bro. William Allen, a NYC Council Member who gave the legislative/political side. There were judges and other elected officials in the audience and the event was co-sponsored by the Black Women's Lawyers Assoc. (or some such).

NCOBRA's on the move...

Sister Niamo

*********


JOIN THE BLACK REPARATIONS MOVEMENT TODAY !

IT IS A WIN, WIN CASE FOR US!

Oscar L. Beard


*********


The Reparations Movement's goals are as follows:

- Obtain Reparations from all countries that prospered from Black Slave Labor
Schedule Conferences, Marches, and Protests until the White Society apologizes and
compensates Descendants of the Slave Trade
- Speak at the United Nations on Reparations for Survivors of the Slave Trade in order
to gain International Support of all or most countries
- Demonstrate in front of the UN in Geneva for World Attention
- Establish an International Fund for Descendants of Slaves
- Target Companies that existed during the days of Slavery for Reparations, and if they
do not comply, then list them as "Unworthy" for Black patronage
- Seek support for Reparations from Companies that prosper off of Black Clients
- Seek Celebrity support for Reparations
- Involve the Media
- Make "Reparations" the buzz word for 2000
- Etc., etc., and by "any means necessary" within the Law

*********


IN SUPPORT OF REPARATIONS!


WAKE UP!
STAND UP!
STEP UP!
and DO SOMETHING IN SUPPORT OF REPARATIONS!
OR THERE CAN BE NO REAL - PEACE!

Ahna Tafari

*********


REPAIRING THE AMERICAN HOLOCAUST



February 14, 2001

DURHAM, N.C. -- A new study in Germany may help illuminate one of our looming issues here in the United States. The study was on the children of Nazis, very comparable to our issue -- reparations for slavery.

Germany spent the last 50 years both accepting responsibility for the horrors of Nazism and educating its people to prevent any such repetition of history. But recently, German public-opinion polling firms noted a growing sentiment against foreigners living in Germany. One poll even found that nearly 10 percent of Germans thought the Nazis had "good ideas."

Startled by that finding, social scientists studied the communication of history within families. In summary, the children and grandchildren of Nazi-era Germans believed that their ancestors were at worst innocent bystanders or that they had actually worked (openly or secretly) against the Nazi regime. And many of these descendants believed this even in instances where the descendants had proof that the ancestor had been, for example, in the Gestapo (literally, the Nazi "secret state police"). The living ancestors themselves, when interviewed, often retained an intense dislike of Jews or other Nazi victims, thus undercutting their descendants' conviction that "grandmother sheltered a Jew."

Which brings us to American race-based slavery.

To be sure, there were differences: race-based slavery arose from the ancient practice of taking a defeated enemy as slaves. Portuguese traders introduced the buying and selling of African slaves into Europe, and the new labor source flourished where it was most economical: the Americas. American slavery was thus a gradual historical process, not the Nazis' pitched campaign to use existing biases to political advantage, and ultimately to mass murder.

But Nazism was a systematically violent attempt to build a new world order based on racist principles. American slavery was an attempt to build the new world through systematic, often violent, oppression of a group based on race.

Viewed in that light, American slavery differs from Nazism only because it was based more upon exploiting people for economic gain rather than exterminating them in pursuit of illusory "racial purity." Either way, humans deliberately inflicted unprecedented suffering. And that's not even considering the wars that ended those systems.

Which brings us to reparations to black Americans.

Consideration of reparations to black Americans dates back to 1829. It has been endorsed by many, including Martin Luther King, Jr., who advocated a "massive program of special compensatory measures."

Reparations are gaining momentum again for both slavery and continuing racism (due in part to Randall Robinson's book, The Debt: What America Owes to Blacks, and a [recent] reparations convention…in Chicago). The reparations idea is also based on the claim that every freed male slave should get "40 acres and a mule" as stated in the First Freedmen's Bureau Act (defeated in Congress in 1866) and from the War Department's attempts to help freed men who served under General William Sherman (repeatedly blocked by President Johnson through the late 1860s).

So what can we learn from the German parallel?


After World War I, overly demanding reparations required of Germany helped bring the Nazis to power. But after World War II, Germany, rebuilt with aid from its former enemies, was able to pay reparations to Jewish Holocaust survivors. From the 1950s to the present, Germans choose to pay reparations, even though, according to that study, living Germans seem to feel that neither they nor their relatives were directly responsible for the Holocaust.

In the United States, we have apologized and paid symbolic sums to Japanese Americans locked in concentration camps here during World War II. Similar payments have been made to several Native American tribes, descendants of those wronged long ago.

There are thus numerous precedents in favor of reparations for slavery. These should be paid to the immediate survivors and the descendants who suffered from this great wrong. But should descendants of those who profited from this wrong help pay those reparations?

Like modern Germans, modern Americans claim individual and collective innocence.

So should we, legal descendants of the nation which held slavery as a "property right," be held accountable to the descendants of those who were so gravely wronged? Should the payments be made by all whites to all blacks, regardless of when our ancestors arrived here? Would reparations quiet these claims of those historically wronged or merely help to smolder this sense of resentment?

Our nation must have a discussion about this and resolve it openly, rationally and respectfully. It should be clear by now that these issues will not go away if we simply ignore them.

By Edward Benson

The Chronicle


Duke U.

Contributed by Blazing Star's
Harmony Mailing List

*********


AFRICAN CAUCUS GROUP (ACG)

PRESS STATEMENT


Africans and African Descendants unite to raise concerns in Vienna meeting

In preparation for the UN World Conference Against Racism (WCAR) in South Africa August-September 2001, Africans and African Descendants see a need to debate issues of concern in a representable way. African NGOs from many countries will meet in Vienna 28-29 April.

Conditions for Africans and African Descendants must improve

The history of African people and people of African Descendant is complex, intricate and embodies many chapters of injustice and brutalisation. The people who can trace their lineage back to Africa are found on all world continents, in every country. Although their reasons for living in different countries are varied, people of African descent share many of the same problems whichever country they reside in. The African Caucus group hold the opinion that the WCAR will be a great failure if it does not sufficiently address practical remedies to improve conditions for Africans and African Descendents.



African NGO meeting in Vienna 28-29 April 2001

The African Caucus Group appreciates the initiative by UN to put racism and means of eradicating it, in all its forms, on the agenda internationally by staging the World Conference against racism. The group wants to play a vital part in supporting this process. To be able to pinpoint, discuss, highlight and outline the various topics of specific relevance to Africans and African Descendants, a meeting for African NGOs will be held in Vienna 28-29 April 2001.

The main objective for this meeting is to plan how the various issues identified by the African and African Descendants NGOs should be worked on leading up to World Conference Against Racism in Durban, South Africa. This meeting is highly significant in that it seeks to address issues on behalf of all people of African descent, and by doing so, unifying people in a voice demanding to be heard. The overall purpose of the meeting will be to seek consensus around matters, and means of raising these matters, in the preparation process for the WCAR and beyond. 150 delegates from more than 30 countries are expected to meet in Vienna this weekend.
Specific topics the African Caucus Group will work
on

  1. The question of the transatlantic slave trade and whether to declare it a crime against humanity
  2. Sources and causes of racism

  1. Remedies, redress and compensation scheme for victims of the slave trade, colonialism and present injustices related to racism
  2. The overall mention (or lack thereof) of people of African descent in the WCAR declaration and plan of action documents
  3. Action to combat racism
  4. The legacy of apartheid, colonization and slavery
  5. Migrants, asylum seekers and refugees
  6. Education and employment
  7. Youth and women


The documents from regional conferences in Africa, Asia and Latin America & Caribbean give support to the implementation of the above issues in the WCAR. They have all suggested specific attention to the situation of Africans and African Descendants. Western states, however, remain reluctant or silent to many of these questions.

African Caucus Group

Africans and African/Descendants have met during the PrepCom, Regional and Inter-Sessional meetings and formed an African Caucus. The group is a working group for all people of African descent, irrespective of language, citizenship or other classifications. ACG is presently not formalised, but operates as an international information network. For information: african_caucus@yahoo.com

Contact:

Ihueghian Victor - Internal Coordinator for the Vienna Meeting
Association for Human Rights and Democracy in Africa (AHDA)
Vienna, Austria
Tel: (+43) 1-961-0672 or (+43) 1-961-0673
Mobile: (+43) 1-676-366-9409
E-Mail: ahda@chello.at

Chinedu Ene - External Coordinator for the Vienna Meeting
Petadisis Community Organisation
London, England
Tel: (+44) 207-241-2727
Mobile: (+44) 7940-515-902
E-mail: chinedu@entelopson.freeserve.co.uk

Amani Olubanjo Buntu - Coordinator of information, ACG
Afrikan Youth In Norway
Oslo, Norway
Tel: (+47) 23 32 60 97 (work)
Mobile: (+47) 917 49 520
E-mail: bababuntu@blackworld.com

AFRICANS  AND  AFRICAN  DESCENDANTS

NGO MEETING


28-29 APRIL 2001, VIENNA, AUSTRIA

Uniting Africa Worldwide


Venue: Afro-Asiatisches Institute, Türkenstrasse 3, A-1090 Wien, Austria, Tel: 310-514-312

Information contents:

1.   WCAR outline
2.   ACG outline
3.   Africans and African Descendants NGO meeting
4.   Agenda 
5.   Accommodation
6.   Important information
7.   Contact details
8.   Useful web link
9.   Registration form

1. WCAR outline

Headed by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Mary Robinson, the United Nations will stage the conference:

World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance  (WCAR)

in Durban, South Africa 31 August to 7 September 2001. There will be a NGO Forum taking place from 28 August-1 September. And a Youth Summit is planned for the 27-28 August. All to take place in Durban, South Africa.

The proposed motto for the conference is "United to combat racism: Equality, justice and dignity".

To find documentation for the Conference and the Preparatory Process, go to the website of the High Commissioner for Human Rights:
http://www.unhchr.ch
Click on World Conference Against Racism on the left side of the Home Page.

A great deal of additional information for NGOs has been posted on an NGO website for the World Conference:
http://www.hri.ca/racism

The NGO Liason Unit maintains a ListServe with newsletters, briefings and updates. To be added to the mailing list, just send a message to  lwiseberg.hchr@unog.ch
 
For specific information related to the NGO Forum, which is being organised by the South African National NGO Coalition (SANGOCO), go to the NGO Forum website:
http://www.racism.org.za

2. ACG outline

In preparation for the UN World Conference Against Racism (WCAR) in South Africa, Africans and African Descendants see a need to debate issues of concern in a representable way. Africans and African/Descendants have met during the PrepCom, Regional and Inter-Sessional meetings and formed an African Caucus. The group is a working group for all people of African descent, irrespective of language, citizenship or other classifications. ACG is presently not formalised, but operates as an information network.

The history of African people and people of African Descendant is complex, intricate and embodies many chapters of injustice and brutalisation. The people who can trace their lineage back to Africa are found on all world continents, in every country. Although their reasons for living in different countries are varied, people of African descent share many of the same problems whichever country they reside in. The African Caucus group hold the opinion that the WCAR will be a great failure if it does not sufficiently address practical remedies to improve conditions for Africans and African Descendents.

3. Africans and African Descendants NGO meeting

The African Caucus Group appreciates the initiative by UN to put racism and means of eradicating it, in all its forms, on the agenda internationally by staging the World Conference against racism. The group wants to play a vital part in supporting this process. To be able to pinpoint, discuss, highlight and outline the various topics of specific relevance to Africans and African Descendants, a meeting for African NGOs will be held in Vienna 28-29 April 2001.

The main objective for this meeting is to plan how the various issues identified by the African/African Descendants NGOs should be worked on leading up to both the 2nd PrepCom (Geneva, May 2001) and the WCAR (Durban, August 2001). An agenda for the African Caucus to meet at the PrepCom in Geneva will be established. 4-6 coordinators will be elected at this meeting, to assist and to facilitate all practical needs of the process. At least one of these coordinators should represent youth organisations and, at least, one or two should be women. Representatives from African states governments will be invited to the opening of the meeting, and will receive a statement form the group after the meeting.

The group realises that there might be many NGOs who cannot participate in this meeting, due to short notice, financial constraints etc. Efforts will be made on national/regional levels to to collect information from those who cannot attend and make agreements on how they best can be represented. The coordinators will also identify heads of states and international NGOs which the Caucus should be in communication with. It is especially important that youth and women must be well represented in the meeting.

This meeting is highly significant in that it seeks to address issues on behalf of all people of African descent, and by doing so, unifying people in a voice demanding to be heard. The overall purpose of the meeting will be to seek consensus around matters, and means of raising these matters, in the preparation process for the WCAR and beyond.

Specific topics the African Caucus will work on

  1. the question of the transatlantic slave trade and whether to declare it a a crime against humanity
  2. compensation scheme for victims of the slave trade, colonialism and present injustices related to racism
  3. the overall mention (or lack thereof) of people of African descent in the declaration and plan of action documents
  4. action to combat racism
  5. legacy of apartheid, colonisation and slavery
  6. migrants, asylum seekers and refugees
  7. education and employment
  8. youth and women


4. Agenda


DAY ONE 28 APRIL 2001



Registration starts 0800. Meeting starts 0930. Meeting will close 1900. 

1. Registration
2. Welcome address by the Director of AHDA in Austria
3. Address by the UN High Commissioner for Human Right
4. Adoption of agenda
5. General information
6. Plenary session
7. Workshops:
a)   Sources & causes of racism
     b)   Remedies and redress/compensatory measures
     c)   Victims of racism
  1. Slave trade as crime against humanity

8. Presentation of papers
9. Summary

DAY TWO - 29 APRIL 2001

Meeting starts 0900. Meeting will close 1800.

1. Keynote address by African Ambassador (tba)


2. Address by High Commissioner for Refugees
3. General information
4. Plenary session
5. Workshops:
     a)   Action to combat racism
  1. Legacy of apartheid, colonization and slavery
  2. Effects of racism, slavery, apartheid and colonization on the 

      African/African descendants women and youths
  1. The Media Manipulations: Implications for racism, migration, 

      immigration, asylum seekers and refugees
6. Reports from workshops, summary
7. Adoption of final report

Venue: Afro-Asiatisches Institute, Türkenstrasse 3, A-1090 Wien, Austria, Tel: 310-514-312

5. Accommodation

List of Hotels in Vienna



Hotel-Pension Ziper                                                 Hotel Goldener Bar
8, Lange Gasse 49                                                   9 Turkenstrasse 27
Tel: 01/404540                                                          Tel: 3175111…0
Fax: 4085266/13                                                        Maximal 7EZ, 7 persons ca.880
EZ: ca. 890/day  (ca.10 Persons)                              single room ATS 880 daily
 
Hotel Nordbahn                                                         Best Western Hotel Beethoven
2, Prater Strasse 72                                                 6 Millockergrasse 6
Tel: 21130…0                                                           Tel: 5874482
Fax: 21130/72                                                           Fax: 5874442
Reserve 1 month ahead, EZ ca. 870/Tag              Maximal 7 persons @ EZ1350
Discount for  20 persons                                         DZ 1450
Single room ATS 870 daily
 
Hotel Auhof                                                               Pension Schonbrunn
13 Auhofstrasse 205           12 Schonbrunner Schlobstrasse 30   
Tel/Fax: 0043-1-8775289                                           Tel: 8155027…0
CA.10 EZ ( 10  Persons )                                             Fax: 8155027-300
Single Room ATS 360 daily (no bath in flat)             EZ ca 610/Tag (5 Persons only)

Please, note: It is recommended that you make reservations as soon as possible, as April is a busy time in Vienna.

6. Important information 

Who can attend the meeting?

- The Africans and African Descendants NGO meeting is open to all people of African descent/heritage, regardless of nationality, place of birth and language. Africans who do not represent a specific NGO, are urged to seek representation on behalf of her/his community where she/he lives. Non-Africans who want to support the work are encouraged to submit their contact details and will receive a report after the meeting

What if I need a visa?

- If you need a visa to enter Austria (find out from your Foreign Department), please contact Ihueghian Victor (see information details below) as soon as possible for an invitation letter.

How do I register for the meeting?

- Enclosed you will find a registration form, which you are asked to fill in and submit by mail as soon as possible. For practical purposes it is important that you register by 20th April.

Is there a registration fee?

- Registering and attending the meeting is free of charge. Coffee, tea and refreshments will be available free of charge throughout the meeting. All meals must be purchased and paid by the individual attendee. Arrangements will be made to suggest suitable places to buy lunch and dinner.

Can I submit papers?

- Attendees are encouraged to submit papers, recommendations, outlines etc. as contributions to the meeting discussions. Please, send your written entry to:

african_caucus@yahoo.comby 15 April.

Papers will be compiled and duplicated (should not exceed 10 pages each), and made available for the meeting. It is important that your contribution is in line with the topics chosen for the meeting (see point 3 and 4). If the Coordinating Committee does not find your paper to be of specific relevance, you will be asked to facilitate your own copies. The Coordinating Committee also reserves the right to decide which papers will be presented at the meeting.

Which language will the meeting be held in?

- The meeting language will be English. However, we will try our best to accommodate translation needs. If you have specific translation needs or inquiries, please contact Ihueghian Victor (see information details below) as soon as possible.

What means of transport should I use within Vienna?

- From the airport you can take a taxi to your hotel. Once in the city you can reach the meeting venue (Afro-Asiatisches Institute, Türkenstrasse 3) by taking the street train to the end station Schttentor/University. You can take trains 1, 2, 37, 39, 40, 41, 44D and street bus 40.

How can I get more information on Vienna?

- You can find information and city plan about Vienna at this website:
http://www.wien.gv.at/english/

How can I convert Austrian prices to my currency?

To convert to Austrian currency (ATS), go to the Universal Currency Converter:
http://www.xe.net/ucc/

For more information:

For all inquiries concerning the meeting in Vienna, please, get in touch with Ihueghian Victor and the rest of the staff at Association for Human Rights and Democracy in Africa (AHDA)

Mr. Ihueghian Victor, Director of AHDA:
Tel: (+43) 1-961-0672 or (+43) 1-961-0673
Mobile: (+43) 1-676-366-9409
Mail:ahda@chello.at

7. Contact details

Ihueghian Victor - Internal Coordinator for the Vienna Meeting
Association for Human Rights and Democracy in Africa (AHDA)
Vienna, Austria
Tel: (+43) 1-961-0672 or (+43) 1-961-0673
Mobile: (+43) 1-676-366-9409
E-Mail: ahda@chello.at

Chinedu Ene - External Coordinator for the Vienna Meeting
Petadisis Community Organisation
London, England
Tel: (+44) 207-241-2727
Mobile: (+44) 7940-515-902
E-mail: chinedu@entelopson.freeserve.co.uk

Amani Olubanjo Buntu - Coordinator of information, ACG
Afrikan Youth In Norway
Oslo, Norway
Tel: (+47) 23 32 60 97 (work)
Mobile: (+47) 917 49 520
E-mail: bababuntu@blackworld.com

African Caucus Group (ACG)
If you have comments, questions or requests related to the African Caucus Group, the Vienna meeting or beyond - write to our e-mail. Your mail will be forwarded to the right person, and sent out to our international network if appropriate:
E-mail: african_caucus@yahoo.com

8. Useful web link

For useful information on various aspects of the Reparations and Compensations question, please go to the website of African Reparations Movement:
http://www.arm.arc.co.uk/

9. Registration form 

Please, submit form by 20 th  April to  ahda@chello.at

Name:



Organization:



If you do not represent a specific NGO, please indicate whether you will participate as representative for a community or group:



Postal address:



Country of residence:



Country (countries) of origin: 



Telephone:



E-mail:



Specific dietary needs:



Translation needs:



Contact Ihueghian Victor for all practical details concerning the meeting in Vienna:
Tel: (+43) 1-961-0672 or (+43) 1-961-0673
Mobile: (+43) 1-676-366-9409E-Mail: ahda@chello.at

*********


*****MARK YOUR CALENDAR*****


SUNDAY REPARATIONS MEETINGS



Muhammad Mosque of Islam in Boston, Massachusetts invites you to attend weekly meetings each Sunday at the Dillaway located at:

183 Roxbury Street
Roxbury, Massachusetts
(Next to the Timilty School, in Roxbury)

Meetings start at 2:00 PM, but on the last Sunday of the month we start at 1:00 PM.

For more information and to schedule free lectures on Reparations at your church, school, business or organization, feel welcome to telephone Minister Malik Al-Arkam at (617) 770-2017.

In April 2001, the Honorable Silis Muhammad will again be traveling to Geneva, Switzerland to testify before the U.N. Human Rights Commission on behalf of 40 million oppressed African-Americans.

*********


FREE THE MIND... FREE THE PEOPLE... FREE THE LAND


THE NATIONAL COALITION OF BLACKS FOR


REPARATIONS IN AMERICA (NCOBRA)


*********


April 4, 2001



N'COBRA CALLS FOR APRIL 4 TH REPARATIONS WALK-OUT


FROM: Alvin Brown

RE: April 4th 2001

TIME: 1OAM-3PM

WALK-OUT OF SCHOOLS INCLUDING COLLEGES DEMANDING REPARATIONS NOW!

MARCH ON ALL GOVERNMENT OFFICES In Honor Of ROSA PARKS AND ALL COURAGEOUS Freedom Fighters Led by The TUPAC Generation.


TAKE A LUNCH BREAK BETWEEN NOON AND 2PM AND JOIN OUR NATIONAL SCHOOL WALKOUT IN D.C. WE WILL WALK ON THE JUSTICE DEPT. AT 10TH AND PENN. AVE. NW.


April 4, 2001

COMMEMORATE THE LEGACY OF DR. MARTIN L. KING, JR

IN THE STREETS!


We must strengthen our resolve to actively engage in our struggle for freedom. We must:

Stop the Death Penalty!

Free the Land for African People!

Free All Political Prisoners and Prisoners of War!

Fight for our Human Rights!

Demand Reparations for African People at the upcoming United Nations World Conference against Racism!

March & Rally
Wednesday, April 4, 2001
Assemble at 4:00pm Sharp!
26 Federal Plaza

Downtown Manhattan



For more information contact the
December 12th Movement
(718) 398-1766 / D12M@aol.com

*********

April 7, 2001

National Chairman, Alderman Dorothy Tillman, from Chicago will hold a National Reparations Conference in Memphis, Tennessee on April 7, 2001.

For more information, please contact: Dejoser@AOL.COM

*********


April 15, 2001

MARCH ON WASHINGTON TO PUSH H.R. 40


We are asking for the support of all! For more information, please E-mail me at:

acoxl@aol.com

Thanks,
Luv glo
Contributed by RHazard, N'COBRA

*********

April 28/29, 2001
AFRICAN CAUCUS GROUP (ACG)

PRESS STATEMENT


Africans and African Descendants unite to raise concerns in Vienna meeting

In preparation for the UN World Conference Against Racism (WCAR) in South Africa August-September 2001, Africans and African Descendants see a need to debate issues of concern in a representable way. African NGOs from many countries will meet in Vienna  28-29 April.

Contact:

Ihueghian Victor - Internal Coordinator for the Vienna Meeting
Association for Human Rights and Democracy in Africa (AHDA)
Vienna, Austria
Tel: (+43) 1-961-0672 or (+43) 1-961-0673
Mobile: (+43) 1-676-366-9409
E-Mail: ahda@chello.at

Chinedu Ene - External Coordinator for the Vienna Meeting
Petadisis Community Organisation
London, England
Tel: (+44) 207-241-2727
Mobile: (+44) 7940-515-902
E-mail: chinedu@entelopson.freeserve.co.uk

Amani Olubanjo Buntu - Coordinator of information, ACG
Afrikan Youth In Norway
Oslo, Norway
Tel: (+47) 23 32 60 97 (work)
Mobile: (+47) 917 49 520
E-mail: bababuntu@blackworld.com

See full details above "Mark Your Calendar."

*********

May 19, 2001

BLACK HUMAN RIGHTS DAY/ MARCH AT THE UNITED NATIONS IN

CELEBRATION OF MALCOLM X'S BIRTHDAY


*********


June 22 - 24, 2001

N'COBRA 12 th ANNUAL CONVENTION


National Co-Chairs: Dorothy Benton Lewis and Hannibal Tirus Afrik


Location: Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Site: Southern University

Theme: "Positioning Ourselves To Get Paid"


Convention Contacts:

Constance Randolph (225) 237-3065
Rev. Carlton " Bahiri" White (225) 778-1561

Early Registration:

Before February 25 th : $ 60.00
After February 25 th : $ 75.00 Until June 1st Thereafter : $ 90

Convention registration includes:

Program book, convention T-Shirt, ENCOBRA Magazine, membership dues, admission to all convention events, including a tour of the River Rd. African American Museum in Gonzales.

Make Check or Money Order payable to: N'COBRA and mail to:

P.O. Box 75437 *
Baton Rouge, LA 70874-5437.

Suggested Hotel Accommodations:

The New Comfort Suites Airport: Call (225) 356-6500 - Mention N'COBRA Convention

Vendors, workshop panelist / leaders, performers, etc. are Welcome. Call for arrangements.

PLEASE SEE COMPLETE AD A FEW PAGES DOWN.

*********


August 31, 2001 - September 7, 2001



THE LEGACY OF THE BLACK POWER MOVEMENT

AND

THE UNITED NATIONS WORLD CONFERENCE AGAINST RACISM


The December 12th Movement, based in New York, and The National Black United Front (NBUF) are co-sponsoring a Black Power conference in support of the United Nations World Conference Against Racism.

The United Nations World Conference Against Racism will be held in Durbin, South Africa from August 31, 2001 - September 7, 2001.

By Dr. Conrad W. Worrill

***

YOU MUST BE IN SOUTH AFRICA NEXT AUGUST 2001!

To All Concerned African People:


The United Nations' World Conference against Racism begins August 31, 2001 in Durban, South Africa. The December 12th Movement International Secretariat is seeking you to be a part of the Delegation of 400 African people to South Africa in support of two crucial issues:

1) Declaration of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade as a Crime against Humanity

2) Reparations for Africans in the Diaspora and on the Continent.
   

Malcolm X said that we must put our situation on the international agenda, in the international arena. We must be there in a massive presence to defend our human rights.

Join us, if you want to go to Durban in support of these issues. The application is included in the text of this message, as well as an attached document in .rtf format.

Costs:
We estimate that the total cost for the trip (the Conference is from August 31, to September 7), i.e., travel, lodging and meals, will be approximately
$2500.   If you are planning to go we need a deposit of $250.00 immediately.

We, along with the National Black United Front, are working with a Black Travel Agency based in Chicago which has already made airline travel arrangements to and reserved blocks of hotel rooms in Durban. Your check or money order should be made out to
AARCO TRAVEL AND TOURS and should be sent to the:

December 12th Movement
456 Nostrand Avenue
Brooklyn,  NY 11216

For more information on the World Conference against Racism and the struggle to defend the human rights of African people, contact us at:

Telephone #718-398-1766
Fax #623-1855
E-mail: Error! Bookmark not defined.

IF YOU WISH TO GO TO SOUTH AFRICA, PLEASE FILL OUT THE FORM BELOW.

APPLICATION FORM FOR THE DURBAN 400

NAME:

ADDRESS

PHONE :

FAX:

E-MAIL:

ORGANIZATIONAL AFFILIATION (if any):


YES: I want to be a member of the Durban 400.  Enclosed is my check in the
amount of $_______________.


_____________________________________________________________
NAME


*********


October 19/20, 2001

PHILOSOPHY BORN OF STRUGGLE CONFERENCE ON

RACE, REPARATIONS, AND RESTITUTION


Place: Brown University

CONTACT:

J. Everet Green
HUMANITAS 3000
37 Old Oregon Road
Cortlandt Manor
New York, New York 10567

Please send out a call to the Reparations Community to rally around Professor Lewis Gordon and the Black Students and other people of good will at Brown.

J. Everet Green
(Below is a letter by Prof. Gordon's.)

*********

November 28 - December 2, 2001

THE "STATE OF THE BLACK WORLD" CONFERENCE


Convenes in Atlanta November 28 - December 2, 2001 at the Georgia International Convention Center.

"A set of goals and objectives have been outlined," he said. "We hope to identify, analyze and discuss the critical crises and issues facing Black people. We also hope to provide some sort of leadership and skill development training to enhance our collective capacity to engage the struggle for liberation."

"Our agenda also includes discussion of meaningful definitions of liberation and reconstruction, intensifying the global movement for reparations and working towards the convening of an International Black Arts and Cultural Festival,"

For more information, call 1-866-ATL-SOBW or visit www.TBWT.com


*********


Thanks [J. Everet Green] for the kind words of support. Here is an updated letter I have been sending to answer the many queries.

Lewis…

23 March 2001*

It has come to my attention that my actions over the past week have been grossly misrepresented by some members of the media and the Brown University community. I have no recollection of saying such a thing. Here are the facts. I was contacted by students who felt that there was not support for them at Brown because of the Acting President publicly condemning them last week without also including a condemnation of the racist assaults and rebuffs they had received prior to and after the incident. They wanted to meet with the Press but felt there was no safe environment in which to do so. So, I offered a room in the office building over which I am director. The students met with the Press but refused to be filmed in order to maintain their anonymity. In my interview with ABC and New England Cable and Fox, I said that what concerned me was that the ad was both hate speech and a solicitation for financial support to develop antiblack ad space. I was concerned that it would embolden white supremacists and antiblack racists.
The next day I received hate phone calls, hate mail, and the situation has become such that I have to take precautions for the safety of the staff in Afro-American Studies at Brown and my family. I spoke out against the harm suffered by Black students and staff since the emergence of this conflict, and I stressed the need for the Brown community to defend their right to assemble, work, and in some cases (e.g., students) live on this campus. I received many letters of support from Brown faculty who were, however, afraid of speaking publicly. In other words, tenured professors were afraid of voicing their opinion in public! Thus, I became the only public, where another faculty member came out as a voice of dissent.
My public position is that what happened last week reflects both questions of the parameters of responsible versus irresponsible activities on the part of the press and the question of racism. I was also concerned that the public spaces at Brown were being bullied into white spaces versus spaces for the entire Brown community regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, and class. People who cannot afford, as Horowitz was able, to purchase space to air their points of view rely only on places of assembly with the hope of coverage from the other venues. majority position. The distinction between a minority version of a majority opinion and a racial minority, for instance, was blurred in the conflict.
I have become a scapegoat on these matters. The record is that I am being attacked by such critics for exercising my right to disagree with them. In effect, they attack me because I do not share their point of view. Free speech for them seems to mean only their point of view.
The Constitution protects free speech and our right to assemble. There is also an equal protection clause. The events that have unfolded are clear indications that racism is still such that equal protection of Black people is still in the making.
Finally, I should like to make a statement on the forum held on March 22, 2000. He also wanted an environment in which the members of the school paper, the coalition, the rest of the Brown community (faculty, deans, workers) can meet and speak honestly without threat. That I have been so severely rebuked for simply demanding both an affirmation of free speech and a condemnation of racism signaled to him and the other organizers how nasty the situation was and there was fear that no one would speak out from such threats. My role in the organization of the panel of experts was to demand that it include white faculty with diverse views on these issues. That is what was assembled, and that is what we had last night, a panel designed to articulate the issues at stake since there were so many heated positions floating around the campus.
The Dean of the College told the Press that they could have a press conference after the panel, but there was concern about their presence harassing people who may not have wanted to be on camera or for their identities to be made public. The students met. The Dean and others came out afterward. They waited in the rain, and then went home.
The next day, I was shocked to find out that a student from the campus paper went on a talk show and imputed to me inflammatory words that I simply did not say. The circumstance exemplifies my early observation that hate words are not in the spirit of speech but harm. I subsequently met with several stations. I am answering the many phone calls from press officials. It is taking me time. I have, after all, as do many other professors, obligations to my family, my students, my colleagues, and, through my effort to defend the right of assembly and speech for those in the genuine minority, the community.
Now, to my chagrin, I am being vilified. I am being accused of things I did not say, and I am being attacked for not only being a minority, but a minority who speaks out and has taken the risk of trying my best to assure that students can assemble peaceably at Brown with the assurance that it is an institution in which each of them is welcomed as a full member.

Sincerely,
Lewis R. Gordon
Professor of Afro-American Studies, Religious Studies, and Modern Culture and Media

*I wrote this letter on March 22nd and revised it for March 23rd as more facts unfolded. Since then, even more information has come to light, which would have required rewriting the entire letter. I have thus decided to write this addendum.

On Friday, March 23rd, I appeared on the FOX Television Station. In that interview, a tape was played that was truly shocking. It was a clip from an interview with several members of the Brown Daily Herald editorial board and staff. The BDHst while I was in Providence speaking at the Forum under the auspices of the Dean of the College. The BDH What they had done, in other words, was worst than I had thought, and they had in effect, through their lies, irresponsibly rallied across the nation a lynch-mob mentality against me, the Program in Afro-American Studies, and black students at Brown. In my reply, I stated much of what is included in this letter. The host of that program stated that he would like the entire faculty of Brown to gather and condemn the students. I responded that it is irresponsible for people to make judgments and sentences without knowing the facts, without going through the process of a tribunal, and without even having reflected on the issues. In effect, he was demanding a totalitarian environment. He responded that 80% of the U.S. population is against paying reparations to Blacks. I replied that such a fact places Horowitz in a majority position, which makes the demand to bully the 20% minority over to his side a desire more for totalitarianism than for a majority position (which is already there). In many ways, the economic dimension of such activities substantiates my point on the class and race dimensions of what was going on. It is no accident that the right of assembly is under attack by such groups who, in the end, prefer a press that money can buy or, in other words, a purchased public sphere. I concluded by reiterating that the lies those students told have harmed a community of people, and the harm they have done to me is salacious. That group (the editors and staff of the BDH) abused this privilege by terrorizing students and faculty. The ire dished against me was an effort to beat the Brown faculty into submission for the purpose of presenting a lie of unanimity or, again, total condemnation of their critics and anyone who may have given the multiracial group of protesting students the benefit of the doubt and room to assemble and present their points of view to the concerned public.
Since this is in effect a second letter, I would like to conclude by thanking the people who have supported me in any way. I appreciate the department that sent flowers, candy, and a card in support of me and my colleagues; I appreciate the letters of solidarity some of you sent; I appreciate the members of the Brown faculty (and those at other universities) who are beginning to stand up and organize groups against the efforts to bully the faculty into what would clearly be an environment that smacks of fascism; I appreciate those members of the press who acted responsibly over the past week by checking the facts and remembering that there is more than one side to many stories; and I appreciate the letter of apology from the concerned citizen to whom I had sent the original version of this letter.

Lewis Gordon
March 24, 2001
*********


"Power never conceded without a demand, it never did and never will - where there is no struggle, there is no progress." F. Douglas.



BECOME A MEMEBER OF N'COBRA. Visit us at www.ncobra.com, write the national headquarters at:

P.O. Box 62622
Washington. D.C. 20029-2622

E-mail me for further information about the WCAR at onajemuid4@cs.com or write:

Onaje Mu'id
P.O. Box 8003
Englewood, NJ 07631.

* Onaje Mu'id is a human rights activist with the International Commissioner of N'COBRA and Policy Chair of the National Black Alcoholisms and Addiction Council-New York Chapter and Ndundu member of the Council of Independent Black Institutions.

*********


BOOK LISTINGS


The book listing on Reparations and Black History can be found in REPNOW Newsletters 1 - 5.


WE SHALL WIN THIS WAR!

Imari A. Obadele


*********


"Without Sanctuary"


The web address for Without Sanctuary" is listed in the REPNOW Newsletter #13.

Please pass this information on to others for it is out of…

AMERICA'S SHAME: CONTEMPT & THE LYNCHINGS


James Allen's photos on the lynchings of Blacks in America


*********


E-mail Addresses & WebSites On Reparations, Black Issues, and Current Events:


UNFORTUNATELY FOR SOME REASON, I KEPT GETTING "Error! Bookmark not defined" FOR ALL THE WEBSITES THAT WERE LISTED, SO I HAD TO ELIMINATE THEM FROM THIS NEWSLETTER. However, please see the complete list of WebSites in the REPNOW Issue #13. If someone knows how to remedy this problem, so that I can retain the Website addresses, please advise.

Tziona Yisrael, Editor

*********


Hotep,

I am Gregory Carey, Founder and President of Reparations Central , an online reparations searchable database. We would like for you to view our website that is in the development stage at http://www.reparationscentral.com

We are also attempting to unify and centralize the reparations movement. We are looking for other organizations that are doing reparations work to put on our website. Also, we are asking every organization to consider putting an audio/video presentation on our website. This website is the hub of the reparations movement worldwide. We need your support and help to make this reparations clearinghouse a successful venture.

In Struggle,
Aluta Continua Asante Sana

*********


HOW CAN I SUPPORT THE REPARATIONS MASS MOVEMENT?


1.) I suggest that you approach the city in which you reside for reparations, support for reparations, or information as to how to obtain reparations. Your strategy may be a model we all may benefit from at the local level.

2.) Next, demonstrate your willingness to join others in the struggle for reparations.

3.) I would hope that you join or start an N'COBRA chapter in your locale area (if there is none) and become an active and energetic member/reparations information resource, for your Afrikan brothers and sisters.

Submitted by R. Hazard, N'COBRA

*********



"Together We shall Win REPARATIONS NOW!!!"


Free Your Mind - Join NCOBRA.... Free The People.... Free The Land...


Robert Hazard

S.E. Regional Rep. NCOBRA


*********


"If you are thinking one year ahead, sow a seed.

if you thinking ten years ahead, plant a tree.

If you thinking one hundred years ahead ...

educate the people."


A Manchurian Proverb


Compliments of Shakira A. Ali

*********


Interesting Information of Significance and FYI:


AS A RESULT OF DAVID HOROWITZ'S EFFORTS TO THWART THE REPARATIONS MOVEMENT,

JUST TAKE A LOOK AT ALL THE ATTENTION

THE REPARATIONS THRUST IS GAINING:



On this Horowitz thing. Maybe national N'COBRA can write a letter of support to all the black student associations in their efforts to counteract this racist diatribe. That letter could be the basis of organizing eventual N'COBRA related groups on the campus. Moreover, maybe N'COBRA could take out an ad in selected campus newspapers which would expose Horowitz's background, while dealing with the issue of reparations from our point of view. Finally, the black woman president of Brown University should be contacted to ascertain where she's at on the specific Brown thing.

Peace,
Dr. Ibn-Ziyad,
Camden

***

BROWN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
STEAL PAPERS IN PROTEST OVER HOROWITZ'S AD


BOSTON (AP) - Brown University students stole the entire press run of an issue of the Brown Daily Herald in an apparent protest of an ad denouncing reparations for slavery that appeared in an earlier edition.

Herald staff members Friday physically restrained a mob of students who tried to force their way into the newspaper's office and destroy the remaining 100 copies of Friday's newspaper. The protesters pounded on the door and demanded an apology and financial amends for the ad in Tuesday's editions, The Boston Globe reported Saturday.

The advertisement had a headline that said, ``Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Slavery is a Bad Idea and Racist Too'' and a layout that was similar to the Bill of Rights. It stated that black Americans owed the United States more than it owed them.

The Herald became the first Ivy League newspaper to print the ad from conservative theorist David Horowitz. It had been rejected by at least 18 college newspapers, including the Columbia Daily Spectator, the Harvard Crimson, and UMass-Amherst's Massachusetts Daily Collegian. Of those that ran it, at least four quickly apologized.

The newspaper on Thursday issued a statement defending its decision to print the ad.

``We understand that the advertisement contains content that some may find disconcerting,'' the statement said. ``But we will not apologize for printing a legitimate advertisement that may offend some of our readership.''

Leaders of Brown's minority student associations demanded that the newspaper donate the $725 fee received from the advertiser to campus minority projects and issue a formal statement of regret.

They also removed the papers from their distribution bins and replaced them with fliers that accused the paper of insensitivity.

"I think there's a fine line between free speech and being disrespectful and distasteful, and the Brown Daily Herald clearly crossed the line,'' sophomore Clement Tsao told the Globe.

The Herald planned to reprint Friday's editions for distribution Saturday and beef up its newsroom security. In a statement Friday, the Herald called the seizure of the newspapers ``an unacceptable attempt to silence our voice,'' and added that ``we will not censor advertisements because of their politics, which is what we believe our critics wish us to do.''

The ad has sparked similar protests at other universities, including the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where 100 protesters stormed the student newspaper's office last week and demanded the top editor's resignation after the newspaper ran the ad. The Badger Herald refused to apologize, saying to do so would hamper free speech.

The Daily Californian, the newspaper at the University of California at Berkley, issued a a front-page apology for running the ad, saying the newspaper was an ``inadvertent vehicle for bigotry.''

Associated Press

Contributed by T'zirah Baht Yisrael

***

I don't find it amazing that David Horowitz and some other racist White Jews can say and literally do anything they want against Blacks AND get away with it. However, when people object to, denounce, or tell the TRUTH about them and their shrewd economic practices, they either get them fired from their jobs or call them anti-Semitic. Without a doubt, this degradation that Horowitz has brought to the forefront will certainly hamper relations between Blacks and White Jews if he is speaking in their behalf. In any case, I have yet to hear Jewish organizations utter one word in support of Reparations for descendants of Slaves. What are they afraid of??? equity and justice for "All," and this time including Black Folks??? Or are they afraid of history being revealed, i.e., their involvement in the African Slave Trade??? Hmmm…

Horowitz reaps benefits from two countries: Israel (at the expense of US tax dollars) and the United States where he is one privileged character in every respect. But yet he is not satisfied. Whose fault is that? He takes pleasure in going on national television to promote "Ten reasons why reparations for slavery are a bad idea for black people -- and racist too." I could give 100 reasons why US tax dollars should not go to Israel, especially since Black Communities suffer while Israelis live quite fashionably in fancy, brand new settlements, compliments of Black and White Folks in the "Good Ol' U.S. of A."

Mr. Horowitz, don't get me started!!! I see through your smoke and mirrors! Don't look now, but the Most High GOD of Abraham and Moses yet lives and is in on this ACT!!!

Tziona Yisrael, Editor

***

The Herald planned to reprint Friday's editions for distribution Saturday and beef up its newsroom security. In a statement…the Herald called the seizure of the newspapers ``an unacceptable attempt to silence our voice,'' and added that ``we will not censor advertisements because of their politics, which is what we believe our critics wish us to do.''

***
FACISM HITS BROWN UNIVERSITY


This post touches on the same topic that Ohso touched in one of his posts a little while back, the intolerance on college campuses of opinion that is not "politically correct." Recently the Brown University school newspaper The Brown Daily Herald printed an advertisement by conservative commentator David Horowitz. In the advertisement, Horowitz outlines the reasons why one should be opposed to government reparations for slavery. Various student activists groups on the Brown University campus responded in a similar matter intolerant people around the world do: they confiscated copies of the Herald.

Now if one disagrees with Horowitz's point of view, one should state why they are opposed to his views instead of bashing the newspaper that publishes his opinion. College campuses should be places where opinion is free flowing. Those who confiscated copies of the Herald probably don't have the intellectual ammunition to put forward an opposing view point, or maybe they don't believe in free speech for those who disagree with them. Or maybe it's a little of both. Below is a link with more information on the topic.

projo.com/news

***
Projo.com/news states that "one should state why they are opposed to his [Horowitz's] views." Well, PROJO, here it is…


RESPONSE TO DAVID HOROWITZ


June 5, 2000/ Revised March 25, 2001


David Horowitz's article, "Ten reasons why reparations for slavery are a bad idea for black people -- and racist too," dated May 29, 2000, is most insensitive and outrageous. Coming from a Jew whose people have experienced a holocaust at the hands of Hitler and who cry, "Never Again," I am shocked that he would take the time to express such prejudiced and bigoted views. If people so much as write half his negative assertions about Jews, they would be termed "anti-Semitic."

Horowitz's ten reasons why it's a bad idea for Blacks to receive Reparations should cause folks to wonder why he went to so much trouble to degrade and slander Blacks and attest to lies in hopes that Blacks will continue to remain disadvantaged, in poverty, and without an adequate education. After all, European Jews have had U.S. government approval and assistance, at tax payers expense, to obtain their monies from Swiss banks, and no one raises an eyebrow. "In December, U.S. and German negotiators, at the behest of President Clinton and German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, announced a deal to establish a $5.2 billion German fund to compensate hundreds of thousands of people forced to work for the Nazis and German companies during the war." By BRIGITTE GREENBERG, Associated Press Writer

For whatever reason, President Clinton has gone above and beyond for European Jews and Israelis, even though they bombed the USS Liberty and got away with it. But Blacks who have died in every major war that this country was involved in haven't the respect and the staunch attention that White Jews attract from this U.S. government.

Blacks haven't so much as received an apology for Slavery, for the barbaric, merciless, and inhumane treatment of people forcibly migrated to these shores and to other European countries, much less Reparations. Israelis receive a minimum of $ 3 billion every single year from U.S. tax payers, and they are deemed the greatest welfare recipient in this World. At the expense of Americans, this country has fabulous settlements all over Israel that Blacks wish they could have in the controlled environments or rather ghettoes in which we are forced to live. Horowitz should have considered these facts before denouncing the Blacks of America who help foot the economic expenses of Israel and who have always been oppressed and afflicted because of the Triangular/African Slave Trade.

Horowitz is not in denial, he knows well what he is doing. He knows who are second-class citizens today in every white society that exists on this globe, and he knows that it's no coincidence that not one black country on this planet is a developing country or enjoys an equal distribution of the wealth of this World. Horowitz knows that World Leaders have been quite effective in ostracizing Blacks as true rulers and leaders, and he wants it to stay like that.

Horowitz proclaims that Reparations would "intensify ethnic antagonisms and generate new levels of racial resentment," and he states that Whites "have made significant contributions to ending discrimination and redressing any lingering injustice."

[IF HOROWITZ THINKS THAT DEMANDING REPARATIONS WILL "INTENSIFY ETHNIC ANTAGONISMS AND GENERATE NEW LEVELS OF RACIAL RESENTMENT," THEN JUST THINK OF THE CONSEQUENCES IF WE DON'T.]

Were ethnic antagonisms the situation when the Germans declared $ 70 billion for the free labor and for the 6 million Jews who died in the holocaust? Did the Germans seek to befriend and make amends with the European Jews, or did this compensation for the atrocities committed against the Jews in Europe cause more race hatred and discrimination against the Jews? Where is the proof of Horowitz's assertions that Reparations for descendants of Slaves and for the race hatred, discrimination, and prejudice that Blacks yet endure, today, will cause "antagonisms and generate…racial resentment" if this has not happened to the European Jews or to the Japanese or to the Native Americans?" One would think that Horowitz wants all the US tax dollars for the Jews!

I am totally shocked that he has the audacity to print false information stating that Whites have made significant contributions to end discrimination and injustice. Where is his documentation? On the contrary, the First Lady Hillary Clinton, in her bid for the NY Senate seat, admitted to the discrimination and disparities that yet exist against Blacks in this country. President Clinton in his last State of the Union Address confirmed same, but Horowitz would rather delude himself and paint falsehoods about the truth of the Black dilemma here in the United States. Horowitz's assertions prove one thing, race hatred, discrimination, and cunning deceptions about Blacks are alive and well, and that bigots are determined to maintain the haves and the have nots at all costs.

I am fed up with hearing that the powers-that-be are "striving to end inequality" and from others that "most Whites are not racist." Juliani, the mayor of New York, is just one evil and merciless example of a leader who is one of the most racist and heartless men since the abolition of Slavery. But enough already about him, as GOD has dealt HIS Judgment against this bigot. If most Whites are not racist, then where are they? They certainly aren't in government making changes that would eliminate poverty and improve and regulate the social and economic systems to work for the Blacks in this country. And they absolutely are not making efforts to right the wrongs of the African Slave Trade and the Black Codes and Jim Crow Laws, and institutional racism that followed. WHERE ARE THESE WHITES WHO ARE SO CONCERNED ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS FOR BLACK FOLKS AND ENDING PREJUDICE??? It would appear that they are busy eliminating Affirmative Action!

As a child, no one can imagine the humiliation and despair I experienced from being Black and poor. My parents have never been on welfare, and my father went to work even when he was sick because he couldn't afford to lose a day's pay. I can still remember him going to work with the measles. And I can yet remember the endless days searching the "want ads" trying to find a better job for my dad only to find "Coloreds Need Not Apply." Many a day I went to school with holes in the bottoms of my shoes and wearing the same clothes too many times a week because my dad couldn't find a decent job and my mom couldn't scrub enough White Jewish floors to support their five children. Is this a unique page in the history of a black family in these United States, or is this the way it was/is in every black community that exists in America? The information regarding destitution and the impoverished peoples in this country is well documented, and the truth of the matter is that the socio-economic dilemma of Blacks runs high on the list, and to date, the matter has only worsened.

The sixties brought about a slightly more positive change, but it wasn't because Whites made a significant effort to end discrimination and injustice. It's because Blacks got fed up and demonstrated for Civil Rights, a fight one would think wouldn't exist in a society where so many Whites are making "significant progress to end discrimination and injustice" against Blacks. Thus, the reason for the Reparations Mass Movement gaining momentum. Horowitz should know that THE MASS MOVEMENT FOR REPARATIONS IS AN ASSAULT ON INJUSTICE AND ALL ABOUT EFFORTS TO IMPROVE THE BLACK DILEMMA IN THIS WORLD, nothing more and nothing less.

Horowitz is oblivious to the fact that since the sixties, Blacks have gone and gotten the degrees necessary to improve their lifestyles, just as some Whites advised, but to no avail. The race hatred and prejudice against Blacks is ingrained and deeply rooted in the minds of the powers-that-be and exists in the systems that make up the "American Way." Therefore, Horowitz is deluding only himself. The only legacy Blacks have since being forced to live in America is subjugation, poverty, sorrows, and despair, and honest Whites will attest to this fact. Oh, and please don't let me forget the poverty of the inner cities and the lack of adequate educational systems for Blacks in this great country with "Justice for All" called "Good Ol' U.S. of A.

The legacy of the Slave Masters yet exists and for the benefit of their privileged descendants and not the descendants of the Slaves whose forebears served them for many generations with free labor and in want of all things. "THE PRIVILEGED" IS A PHRASE ONLY ACCURATELY USED WHEN IT DEALS WITH WHITES. NEVER HAVE BLACKS BEEN PRIVILEGED SINCE FORCIBLY BEING BROUGHT TO THESE SHORES DURING THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE.

Horowitz attempts to blame the Africans for the African Slave Trade. His efforts fail miserably. It was not the African's bartering with human beings for alcohol, trinkets, and guns that established the prosperity and great wealth from the Triangular/African Slave Trade that made America and European countries the economic giants and World Powers that they are. The Africans had been dealing in Slavery for a long time, but nothing like what compared with the Europeans who forcibly migrated Blacks to the four corners of the Earth and caused the complete ethnic cleansing of many millions of Black Peoples unto this day. Horowitz's desire to blame the Africans for the Slave Trade that gained them nothing of significance, and least of all wealth and prosperity, just won't fly.

I could not believe that Horowitz would suggest that "Most Americans living today (white and otherwise) are the descendants of post-Civil War immigrants, who have no lineal connection to slavery at all" and would include the Jews in this group. Doesn't this man know history and even the acts of his own people??? Many nations were involved in the Triangular/African Slave Trade: Portugal, England, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and Colonial America to name a few. People emigrating to the Americas from these lands only perpetuated the lucrative market of owning and selling Black Slaves out of Africa.

There is absolutely no argument regarding the fact that Jews were very much involved in the African Slave Trade. This is documented information by Jews themselves. I might also add that many of these white immigrants came from countries that also indulged in the Triangular/African Slave Trade. Blacks know their history and which nations were involved in the Triangular/African Slave Trade whether members of these countries migrated to America or not.

The truth of the matter is that European Jews were very much involved in the African Slave Trade, and few people will openly discuss this matter because of the positive image Horowitz and other Jews wish to maintain for themselves. However, because Horowitz chooses to sabotage the Reparations Mass Movement and present such a squeaky clean image for himself, let the true facts and the undeniable documentation spring forth.

The worst of the Slave Masters were the Jews and the Christians. The 16 th and 17 th centuries were prosperous years for Portugal due to the Slave Trade that was financed by Jews. This is history, and documentation that was startling information even for those of us who are Black. The Jews out of Portugal were "The mother of all Slavers."

(White Jews: JRM/Memoirs (1,2,3) - Jacob Rader Marcus, Memoirs of American Jews 1775 - 1865, New York: KTAV Publishing House, Inc., 1974, 3 volumes and Jews and Negro Slavery by Bertram W. Korn)

If people are to be blamed for the African Slave Trade, then let all who participated and prospered from this human bondage pay restitution, including the White Jews. The Americans and Great Britain admit to this inhumane and cruel enslavement, and so should the Jews. In the late 1500's when other European countries saw the economic profit in owning Slaves, other European nations followed Portugal's lead and partook in the African Slave Trade, as well. These peoples also prospered from black blood, sweat, tears, and free labor: the Swedes, Danes, French, Germans, Dutch, and of course the English. In later years, some of these same Peoples emigrated to the Americas and again participated in the affliction and destruction of defenseless black men, women, and children. They are not exempt from their involvement in the African Slave Trade - not by any means. All Peoples who have prospered due to the Slave Trade, be it directly or indirectly, are to blame for this insane bondage that killed as many as 200 million black peoples (UNESCO's 1978 Report).

Yet, Horowitz has found the need to encourage all Whites to denounce our efforts and to belittle and ridicule those of us who seek Reparations for the hundreds of years of free labor and pain and suffering Blacks have endured unto this day. Let it be known that we, survivors of the African Slave Trade and victims of continued race hatred and prejudice, are not deterred or dissuaded from steps we must take if we are to rise above the hell in which we live in white societies. Horowitz should know that though we are under the control of white rulers, we are no longer chattel, and just as Civil Rights Activists were successful in eliminating overt forms of racism, Blacks will be successful in obtaining Reparations and with the help of the All-Mighty GOD of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

With these Reparations payments, we will build our own Communities, educate our children, establish Health Centers, and start small businesses for our livelihoods. And for those who choose to leave the lands of our captors, they will pursue happiness in friendly countries that do not tolerate any forms of racism and injustice but are ready to receive descendants of Slaves with open arms. Reparations will enable these Blacks to do same for a real opportunity to live in environments where they need not be self-conscious about the color of their skin and deal with racist bigots like Horowitz.

Racist environments yet exist, discrimination, and injustice yet exist. Lynchings, racial profiling, police brutality, and murder of innocent Blacks still exist. We are tired of continuously fighting for Civil Rights that can obviously never become a reality. We have sought the aid of government, many groups, and individuals to put an end to this maddening racist society. Letters go out to our Congressmen and Senators and even to the Presidents, past and present leader of this country, President Clinton, who "can't understand why Blacks support him" (The Debt by Randall Robinson), but to no avail. President Clinton should know that Blacks supported and elected him because they believed him to be the right candidate to improve the lot of Blacks and put an end to the racism in this society. Thus, not even this President of the United States has done a thing to end discrimination and redress injustice, as Horowitz suggested. Horowitz should know that after almost eight years in office, President Clinton has done absolutely nothing to end discrimination or address Reparations, and neither has anyone else.

Therefore, because we, descendants of Slaves, want to move on and rise above our horrible past and the indignities and degradation that have been a part of our lives due to Slavery, we will continue to seek Reparations, as well as self-determination for the betterment of all Blacks in and out of Africa. And we won't rest until every country that has enslaved Black Peoples pays retribution for this heinous crime regardless of the many asinine reasons why people like Horowitz deem "Reparations are a bad idea for black people."

Not only should the United States pay Reparations, but every country that advocates "Justice for All" should take part in an "International Fund for Descendants of Slaves," so that Survivors of the Slave Trade can establish a more honorable image in this World. This is equity, justice, and the right thing for all countries that were involved in the trade of human beings to make a reality. This is only the beginning of demonstrations and black and white voices for Reparations.

We are human beings with feelings and with honest desires to prosper, and above all, with an inalienable right to live decent and respectable lives. And with the help of the All-Mighty GOD, the nations that were involved in the Triangular/African Slave Trade will justly compensate the Survivors of the Slave Trade in payment for the hundreds of years of Slavery, oppression, discrimination, and pain and suffering Blacks have experienced in the lands of our captors.

The Reparations Mass Movement will continue, and in fact, it is indeed already growing and strengthening through the "Black Realization" that if we do not speak out and do for ourselves, then folks like David Horowitz and others in the white societies in this World will assume that we are satisfied with the racist relations and deplorable conditions, as they now exist. And nothing could be further from the truth.

Tziona Yisrael
Black Hebrew Israelite, rightful descendant of the Biblical Israelites
That's another story to tell for another time complete with even more documentation.)
www.thelawkeepers.org

[Our disdain for Horowitz's attempts to sabotage the Reparations Movement for descendants of Slaves is not about anti-Semitism, as some White Jews would like to allege. This Black Thrust is all about TRUTH, JUSTICE BEING SERVED, EQUITY, AND SELF DETERMINATION, not to mention MOVING ON to better the lifestyles of Black Peoples all over the World ! ]

***

I guess an Old University like Brown that made big money during the slave trade has no political conscious after making money from the Triangular Trade Route participation. The students should check out how the founders of Brown got paid.

Free the mind..... Robert

***
DURHAM HERALD-SUN

ANTI-REPARATIONS PROTESTS CONTINUE



March 23, 2001

DURHAM -- One hundred fifty students filed silently from the student union to Duke President Nan Keohane's office early Thursday to deliver petitions protesting a political ad against reparations for slavery that appeared in the Monday edition of the student-run newspaper.

Like a funeral procession, the protesters -- black, Asian and white -- used one arm to hold the person in front of them and the other to hold signs that screamed their anger and hurt.

"It's not a black thing," "Stop the hate," "Make The Chronicle responsible," the signs said.

After entering Duke's Allen Building, the protesters slowly climbed the winding staircase and pushed through the glass doors of the administration offices. Keohane stood outside her door, flanked by several of her senior officers.

The students brushed by, dropping into the president's outstretched hands reams of paper -- 269 signed petitions demanding the university account for its progress after past protests by black students in 1969, 1975 and 1997 - as Keohane tried to shuffle the stack into an orderly bundle.

They then moved down the long hall, turned, and made their way back out the door, their backpacks and trendy messenger bags slung over their shoulders, their dorm keys jangling on their chests off of long cords.

After the students left, Keohane called the march a "very important way of making a statement."

"It was appropriate and quite moving," she said, before retiring with administrators to discuss the petitions.

The students demanded that the university make a progress report of demands from past protests and pull its advertising from The Chronicle if the newspaper did not give them two pages: one for an apology, and one to rebut the ad, titled "Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Slavery is a Bad Idea -- and Racist Too."

In addition, the students demanded the newspaper reform its policy on reviewing ads, so that "offensive material is not published outside of the editorial page," and that the paper provide full and adequate coverage of minority events. The money received from the ad should be either returned or given to an agreed-upon organization or cause in the Durham or Duke community, they said.

On Monday, The Chronicle published the full-page anti-reparations ad placed by the conservative columnist David Horowitz for $793.80.

The ad argues that reparations paid to the descendants of slaves would be unjust, as recipients' sole qualification for receiving the payments would be skin color. In addition, the ad says American blacks are better off today than Africans; reparations have already been paid through welfare and the Civil War; and only a tiny minority of whites owned slaves, but all would pay the reparations.

More than 200 students attended an all-day sit-in of a room near The Chronicle's offices Wednesday. They developed a plan of action late that night, and a smaller group of about 15 marched into The Chronicle after midnight. Told it was a private space and that police had been called, the group re-grouped at the Bryan Center, where 50 to 75 students spent the night.

The silent march started at 10:30 a.m. Thursday and lasted about 30 minutes.

Ronald Nance, a late-night housekeeper at the Bryan Center, said when he got off the elevator to clean the floor, he'd "never seen that many people here at 3 a.m." Usually, the Bryan Center closes at 3 a.m., but the students had special permission from the Duke Police to stay in the building.

Nance, who is black, looked on as the students slowly dispersed from their circle. He said he hoped they would prevail, but that it was in God's hands.

Around 6 p.m., Keohane e-mailed several of the student leaders and said she would pull together a report on previous demands by March 29. However, she would not promise to ask university departments and academic units to withdraw their ads from the newspaper.

"If the university needs to announce, for legal and safety reasons, the conditions under which a bonfire may occur to celebrate a Final Four basketball victory, we need to publicize that broadly. The university administration does not tell individual offices where and what they may advertise and, in the interests of all the students who depend on The Chronicle for such information that is important to their academic and other decisions, it would be inappropriate for us to do so," she wrote.

But, if The Chronicle does not provide the space for a rebuttal and refutation of the arguments in the ad, Keohane promised to "underwrite the full cost of the page."

She reiterated the university's commitment to free and open inquiry, and dialogue about the issue in Duke's classrooms and open forums.

"Through such dialogue, and through continuing to support one another sensitively in times of pain and hurt, we strengthen our university," Keohane wrote.

Greg Pessin, editor of The Chronicle, said a response, signed by all the editors, would be given to the student protesters at a meeting late Thursday evening. This event was to occur after The Herald-Sun's deadline.

Pessin had previously refused to apologize, saying, "Open debate, open discussion, should not be sacrificed for comfort." Pessin wrote in the newspaper's Wednesday issue, "The free exchange of ideas and the academic freedom so dear to our university cannot be realized unless all voices, regardless of controversy, are heard."

Sarah Wigfall, Duke junior and a leader of the protest, said she'd never had a problem with race "at this school until Monday."

This ad, she said, made her cry in her dorm room, where she and her roommate sent out a missive over an e-mail list compiled in the past for a party.

So, instead of studying for an important test, Wigfall got one hour of sleep at the Bryan Center.

"Life here is stressful enough at Duke," she said. "Now we have to deal with an issue that should never have occurred."

The ad was sent to nearly 50 universities, of which at least 18 have refused to run it.

At least nine student newspapers have run the ad, after which the newspapers at Arizona State, Berkeley and the University of California at Davis also apologized. Friday, student activists at Brown University -- where the ad appeared March 14 -- stole 4,000 copies of the paper in protest.

By Jennifer Chorpening <jlc@herald-sun.com
http://www.heraldsun.com/durham/4-88198.html
--
Links related to this article:

Text of Horowitz ad:
http://www.frontpagemag.com/horowitzsnotepad/2001/hn01-03-01.htm

***
THIS IS A PRESS RELEASE FROM THE BLACK RADICAL CONGRESS


STATEMENT BY THE BLACK RADICAL CONGRESS (BRC)


BLACK RADICAL CONGRESS (BRC) STATEMENT ON

STUDENT PROTESTS AGAINST HOROWITZ AD


For Immediate Release


March 28, 2001


The recent attack on Black people mounted by ultra-right winger David Horowitz, in full-page, anti-reparations advertisements which he attempted to publish on more than 50 university campuses nationwide, has created an unsafe climate for Black students on those campuses. The content of the ads, particularly in the absence of any refuting arguments, constitutes a message of hate, pure and simple.

In attacking the basic concept of reparations, a concept the Black Radical Congress strongly supports and which is rapidly gaining diverse support around the country, the ad maliciously misrepresents the activities and perspectives of historical Black movements.

We stand by the declaration in our Freedom Agenda, that "As the descendants of enslaved Africans, we have the legal and moral right to receive just compensation for the oppression, systematic brutality and economic exploitation Black people have suffered historically, and continue to experience today."

But even more outrageous than Horowitz's views -- views he is constitutionally entitled to express -- is his use of campus newspapers as the principal weapon to specifically target a nearly defenseless population: Black youth. Obviously, he knows that Black students lack access to the financial means required to mount a counter-attack.

The Black Radical Congress applauds the valiant efforts of Black students and their supporters -- White, Latino, Asian and Native American students -- who are protesting the use of institutional publications by the equivalent of a Holocaust-denier to purvey his white supremacist ideology. We join these students in demanding that universities provide a safe and positive environment for all of their students, equally. The First Amendment does not justify racism or entitle hateful people to destabilize and render dangerous the learning environments of Black youth.

Contact: Erica Smiley, yelimske@hotmail.com
Sam Anderson, ebontek@earthlink.net

Black Radical Congress

National Office
Columbia University Station
P.O. Box 250791
New York, NY 10025-1509
Phone: (212) 969-0348
Email: blackradicalcongress@email.com
Web: http://www.blackradicalcongress.org

***

TEN REASONS WHY CONSIDERING REPARATIONS IS

A GOOD IDEA FOR [BLACK] AMERICANS,

AND HOROWITZ TOO


March 30, 2001

Conservative muckraker David Horowitz has been verbally mugged for peddling an ad to college newspapers giving ten reasons why reparations is racist. But the name callers have done little more than canonize Horowitz as a martyr for truth and free speech. Even worse, they've failed miserably to tell why reparations merits a serious look. There are ten compelling reasons it does .

1. The U.S. government, not long dead Southern planters bears the blame for slavery. It encoded it in the Constitution in article one. This designated a black slave as three-fifths of a person for tax and political representation purposes. It protected and nourished it in article four by mandating that all escaped slaves found anywhere in the nation be returned to their masters. In the Dred Scott decision in 1857, the U.S. Supreme Court reaffirmed that slaves remained slaves no matter where they were taken in the United States.

2. Major institutions profited from slavery. In October, the California state legislature passed a bill requiring insurance companies to disclose whether they wrote policies insuring slaves. This was recognition that insurance companies made profits insuring slaves as property. The insurance industry was not the only culprit. Banks, shipping companies, and investment houses also made enormous profits from financing slave purchases, investments in Southern land and products, and the transport, and sale of slaves.

3. Slavery ended in 1865 but the legacy of slavery still remains. A report by the National Conference for Community and Justice, a Washington D.C. public policy group in 2000, found that blacks are still the major economic and social victims of racial discrimination. They are far more likely to live in underserved segregated neighborhoods, be refused business and housing loans, be denied promotions in corporations and attend cash starved, failing public schools than whites.

4. There's a direct cost for slavery's legacy. Former Federal Reserve Board Chairman Andrew Brimmer estimates that discrimination costs blacks $10 billion yearly through the black-white wage gap, denial of capital access, inadequate public services, and reduced social security and other government benefits. This has been called the "black tax."

5. The U.S. government has shelled out billions since the1960s to pay for resettlement, job training, education, and health programs for refugees fleeing Communist repression. Politicians and the majority of the public enthusiastically backed these payments as the morally and legally right thing to do.

6. The reparations issue will not fuel more hatred of blacks. Most Americans admit that slavery was a morally monstrous system that wreaked severe pain and suffering on America. City councils in Chicago, Dallas, Oakland, and Los Angeles, and other cities in the past year have passed resolutions supporting a federal commission to study reparations. Also, there was no national outcry when the U.S. government made special indemnity payments, provided land and social service benefits to Japanese-Americans interned during World War II, Native-Americans for the theft of lands and mineral rights, and Philippine veterans who fought with the American army during World War II.

7. No legislation has been proposed that mandates taxpayers pay billions to blacks. A bill by Michigan Democrat John Conyers that has languished in Congress since 1993 simply establishes a commission to study the effects of slavery. The estimated cost is less than $10 million.

8. There is a precedent for paying blacks for past legal and moral wrongs. In 1997 Clinton apologized and the U.S. government paid $10 million to the black survivors and family members victimized by the syphilis experiment conducted in the 1930's by the U.S. Public Health Service. In 1994, the Florida legislature agreed to make payments to the survivors and relatives of those who lost their lives and property when a white mob destroyed the all-black town of Rosewood in 1923. The carnage was tacitly condoned by public officials and law enforcement officers. The Oklahoma state legislature is currently considering reparations payments to the survivors and their descendants of the destruction of black neighborhoods in Tulsa by white mobs in 1921.

9. Oprah Winfrey, Bill Cosby, Michael Jordan and other mega-rich blacks will not receive a penny in reparations. Any tax money to redress black suffering should go into a fund to bolster funding for AIDS/HIV education and prevention, underfinanced inner-city public schools, to expand job skills and training, drug and alcohol counseling and rehabilitation, computer access and literacy training programs, and to improve public services for the estimated one in four blacks still trapped in poverty.

10. Thirty years ago a writer passionately argued that the U.S. government has kept the "black ghettos in a colonial status since Reconstruction" and refused to meet the "most basic political and economic demands of the black movement." That writer was David Horowitz. He made the argument in his book, Empire and Revolution, a blistering indictment of the U.S. government. Radical hyperbole notwithstanding, Horowitz recognized then that America owed a debt to black America for past and present sins. It still does.

By Earl Ofari Hutchinson <ehutchi344@aol.com>

--

Earl Ofari Hutchinson is the President of The National Alliance for Positive Action <http://www.natalliance.org> and the author of The Disappearance of Black Leadership (Middle Passage Press).

Copyright (c) 2001 Earl Ofari Hutchinson. All Rights Reserved.

*********


Up You Mighty Race; We Can Accomplish What We Will!!!!

I Remain to Serve,
Senghor Baye

*********


What is it going to take before Descendants of Slaves finally decide to do something about our predicament and the injustices we face? Our children are suffering in every respect, and we have no legacy. Let's all become "Activists" in fighting for Reparations and our human rights, before our children start asking, to our chagrin, why we have permitted this unfairness and degradation to continue for so long.

Tziona Yisrael, Editor
REPNOW Newsletter
[www.thelawkeepers.org]

*********


WHY THE-POWERS-THAT-BE OWE US…BIG TIME!


[IF THERE WERE] taxes on property, including "houses, lands and slaves." This meant that there was now an economic motivation to under-count this part of the owners property - the fewer slaves reported, the less taxes paid; Slaves were easier to hide than houses or land.

This is coupled with the natural inclination of the Census to under-count the Black population. The evidence is clear in the General Population Statistics, 1790-1990. By 1860, the "Percentage increase in Black population over preceding census" averaged 28.8% since 1790. In the 1870 census, the percentage growth was only 9.9 %. So what happened to the other18.9 % of the expected population? They disappeared in 1865 with the Emancipation Proclamation.

No longer having a value attached to them, these 859,000 African-Americans were lost. It's been 120 years, and judging from the low-count controversy of the 1990 census, the Bureau hasn't found them yet. We can safely regard these census counts as the way-down-low end of an actual population estimate. Before a final figure can be determined of the debt due on this slavery phase of the African Holocaust, some account should be taken of the working conditions. You can get an impression by looking no further than the evidence found in the African Burial Ground in Manhattan, New York. Here, recent analysis of the remains held at Howard University show that children as young as 7 years old were worked so hard that their bodies were mis-shapened and their spines driven into the brain, from carrying heavy loads. Rich Phillips, in American Negro Slavery says of J.B Say, an economist must tell us, said he, that a slave's maintenance must be less that of a free workman, since the master will impose a more drastic frugality than a freeman will work, further permit so much leisure and freeman customarily enjoys." This is why we include the entire slave population as laborers, and we leave it to others to argue we should not. By 1856 the advertised prices for European-owned African-Americans on one document of that time ranged from a high of $2,700 for Anderson, a "No.1 Bricklayer and mason," and $1,900 for George, a "No. 1 Blacksmith," to $750 for Reuben, even though he was labeled "unsound." (See Railroad Contractor's Credit Sale document of a choice gang of 41 slaves.) The average cost for this lot of people was $1,488. As a second reference for this number, we can look at the chart for the cost of Prime Field Hands, and find that it is pretty accurate. By multiplying the census count of slaves by the average advertised price, we arrive at a value of $5.3 billion ($5,327,079,968).

This may not look like a lot of money now, but compare it to other figures of the day. The National Wealth Estimate for the entire nation in 1856 was $12.3 billion ($12,396,000,000). [Note: All figures come from Tables in the cited U.S. Bureau of the Census publication] Total Bank Savings Deposits in1856 was $95.6 million. Manhattan Island, Land and Buildings, was worth only $900 million dollars, less than one-fifth of the value invested in African-Americans. The 1855 total capital and property investment in railroads was only $763.6 million dollars. Why the $5 billion dollar investment in slaves? In 1859, the total private production income was $4,098,000,000 ($4 billion).

Cotton Manufacturers in 1830


Of this total, labor-intensive industries like "agriculture" and "transportation and communication," accounted for $1,958 million (1.9 billion). Almost one-half the total private income. This explains why "a good field hand and laborer" would run you $1,550 for Big Fred aged 24 and $1,900 for George, a "No. 1 blacksmith". Men like these gave such a good did, kill freely to keep the system in place. The money earned from this investment found its way into a variety of banking institutions, which increased from 506 in 1834 to1,643 in 1865.

Many of the names remain familiar to this day: The Bank of New York Company, Inc. - founded 1784, Fleet National Bank - 1791, Chase Manhattan Corporation - 1799, Citicorp/Citibank N.A. -1812, The Dime Savings Bank -1859. As banks in King Cottons' "Chief American market, that of New York," it is inconceivable that these institutions, and through them the nation, did not benefit from the profits made on a slaves' wages. Their business then, as it is now, was to be a source of funds to build empires in a variety of industries, across the continent, to make land purchases, upgrade equipment, save to send children to college, etc. Railroads could be built using a combination of slave labor and loans taken at banks that held money on deposit from the cotton/slave industry.

Money was also paid to a variety of people who, while not slave-owners themselves, were "in the loop" of payments for goods and services. Thus were assets being used to develop the country for the benefit of Europeans and their heirs. The nation as a whole benefited, and that's why the nation as a whole should pay. When we take that figure of $5,327,079,968 and compound it annually at 5% interest for 142 (1856-1998) years, we arrive at $ 5,437,129,590,059 or 5.4 trillion dollars. The 5% interest rate is actually a modest one. We would much rather have employed the interest paid on Railroad Bonds in 1857, with yields of 6.577 (low) to 8.23 (high), but the computer calculator ran out of room and the lower rate had to be used. Recently, the Jewish community has begun demanding that Swiss banks which received deposits of money and valuables confiscated from Jews by the Germans, repay the principal of those deposits with interest.

They have received Congressional support, had a respectful hearing, and are seeing the Swiss banks begin to comply and total accounts. The Jewish Holocaust ended in 1945 with the surrender of Germany. The Slavery period of the African Holocaust, ended only 80 years earlier in 1865 with the surrender of the southern states. It was at that time that the right to own African-Americans outright, was given up throughout the United States. In recognition of the wrong done, Congressman John Conyers has sponsored a reparations bill, H.R.40: "A bill to acknowledge the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the United States and the13 American colonies between 1619 and 1865 and to establish a commission to examine the institution of slavery, subsequent de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination against African Americans, and the impact of these forces on living African Americans, to make recommendations to the Congress on appropriate remedies, and for other purposes." Twenty-five years ago, Queen Mother Moore was at the First Black Political Convention in Gary, Indiana.

There she stood in a hotel lobby wearing African clothes, handing out literature and accepting hugs, while shouting, "Reparations. Reparations honey, come get your reparations. They got to pay you." The Queen Mother was right. It is in the context of reparations that the nation should be discussing affirmative action; as part of the mix of options a moral nation would consider to pay a long due debt. Thirty percent of the nations' airwaves could be an option. Funding of African-American banks could be another. Government contracts should be the easiest, with a mandated percentage for each line item going to African-American businesses on a sliding scale well into the next century.

Five trillion dollars may seem like a lot of money, but if Congress can seriously consider a trillion dollar weapons system now working its way through the appropriations pipeline, then a 5.4 trillion dollar reparations bill is doable over time. This number is only for the slavery phase of the African Holocaust. It does not include the theft of property rights inventions and patents. It does not include damages for pain and suffering. It does not return lost lives. It is an attempt to be another voice in the reparation process.

Until this debt is acknowledged and paid, America will forever be paying in blood, tears, and the devil's wages.

Copyright 2000 Our Time Press

Contributed by R Hazard
*********

Subj: [BlackPower] Dec 12th Mov't: "Tolerance & Respect" UN Commission on Human Rights
Date:3/30/01 9:04:32 Am Pacific Daylight Time
From:112213.3531@compuserve.com (aajamu)
Sender:112213.3531@compuserve.com (aajamu)
To:BlackPower@listbot.com (Black Power)

Black Power - Black Power

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"TOLERANCE AND RESPECT"

AN INTERVENTION PRESENTED BY THE DECEMBER 12 TH MOVEMENT

AT A SPECIAL SESSION AT THE UNITED NATION COMMISSION

ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN GENEVA, SWITZERLAND


Presenter: Omowale Clay

DECEMBER 12TH MOVEMENT INTERNATIONAL SECRETARIAT
456 Nostrand Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11216
(718) 398-1766
(718) 623-1855 (fax)
D12M@AOL.COM


Commission on Human Rights

Palaic de Nations
Geneva, Switzerland
March 26, 2001

Item: Special Debate on Respect and Tolerance



Mr. Chairman and Distinguished Panelists,

This is a joint statement by the December 12th Movement International Secretariat and the International Association Against Torture.

There is no dignity in poverty, no inherent virtue in being poor. "The dignity and worth of the human person," spoken of so eloquently in the preamble to the Charter of the United Nations has never been rightfully applied to Africans on the continent and throughout the diaspora.

Today, the dignity and worth of the human person of African descent still suffers under the economic, cultural and political devastation of Africa's Holocaust, the greatest crime against humanity-The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.

It is in this context that we embrace this discourse on tolerance and respect among peoples of the world, and believe that to find one's bearing in such a discussion, one's compass must first find its true North - a location which is inseparable from the quest for economic and social justice.

In discussing universal tolerance and respect, in principle, it cannot be divided from universal intolerance for injustice, or disrespect for ideas and their advocates who would continually and ruthlessly subvert the historical necessity to correct past crimes against humanity.

Africans are constantly being asked overtly or covertly to tolerate the bracketing of those remedies to past injustices that would profoundly change the status of their condition in the world, because it would be offensive to the perpetrators of the injustice.

As the Secretariat noted...Securing the full, active, free and meaningful participation of excluded groups means recognizing their rights in law, policy and practice. It is the responsibility of political leaders to engage in political discourse based on the high principles of upholding these rights through exposing, fighting and correcting injustices. Not by subverting these rights, which have played such an impactful role in the incitement of intolerance. There are those leaders who denounce or ignore the recognition of these rights, not based on the preponderance of truth, but on the intolerance of their own self-interest. An interest clouded by the necessity of not offending those who fund their electoral position, or assure their continued appointment to a post.

It is evident that only when discussions of past crimes affecting Africans are discussed, that we have no stomach for remedies. We are intolerant. "It was too long ago". "How can we ever figure it out." "Who is to blame?" These are the points of order for those who have no interest in rectification. They are appalled at the lack of sensitivity, and the inflammatory rhetoric of the descendants of their holocaust. We Africans should be tolerant of the Europeans' expropriation of our labor, wealth, lands and very life. We should be respectful enough to attribute this calamity to our inferiority and their superiority. Look at Zimbabwe, Europe was tolerant of Ian Smith, but is intolerant of President Mugabe. It appears that tolerance is measured by the security of one's bank account, not the correcting the historical wrong of stealing a whole nation's land.

We believe that universal tolerance and respect are possible only if and when intolerance to injustice is universal. Today, more than at anytime before, the recognition the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade and Slavery as A Crime Against Humanity can move the society of humankind forward toward that goal. Today the steadfastness of those who believe in justice must be intolerant of those whose greed founded the slave trade, and whose lack of penance would deny compensation to their victims.

Thank you...

DECEMBER 12TH MOVEMENT INTERNATIONAL SECRETARIAT
456 Nostrand Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11216
(718) 398-1766
(718) 623-1855 (fax)
D12M@AOL.COM

Contributed by [Black Power] 112213.3531@compuserve.com (aajamu)

*********


Free The Mind... Free The People... Free The Land...


Robert Hazard

N'COBRA


Board Member

S. E. Regional Representative



*********


INTERESTING TIDBITS:

FROM THE MOUTHS OF THE FOUNDING FATHERS OF AMERICA:

As if we didn't know…

***

I am a firm believer in the people. If given the truth, they can be depended upon to meet any national crisis. The great point is to bring them the real facts, and beer.
-- Abraham Lincoln
 
I can conceive of no greater calamity than the assimilation of the negro into our social and political life as our equal...  
-- President Abraham Lincoln August 14,1862

From Lincoln-Douglas Debate, published by Haldeman-Julius Company, Girard, Kansas 1923
 
         I agree with Judge Douglas that he (Negroes) is not my equal in many respects, certainly not in color, and perhaps not in moral and intellectual endowment.
-- Abraham Lincoln  Page 81

         I have no purpose to produce political and social equality. I am not in favor of making voters or jurors of Negroes or of qualifying them to hold office or allowing them to intermarry with white people... I have never had the least apprehension that I or my friends would marry Negroes, even if there was no law to keep them from it... I will, to the very last, stand by the law of this state which forbids the marrying of white people with Negroes.
-- Abraham Lincoln  Page 44

         I have no purpose to introduce political and social equality between the white and black races. There is a physical difference between the two, which, in my judgment, will forever forbid their living together in perfect equality: and inasmuch as it becomes a necessity that there should be a difference, I, as well as Judge Douglas, am in favor of the race to which I belong having the supremacy.
--  Abraham Lincoln  Page 80
 
From The Collected works of Abraham Lincoln, published 1953, Rutgers University Press in eight volumes.

Vol. II Pages 405-409 (Speech at Springfield, Illinois - June 26, 1857.

       Judge Douglas has said to you that he has not been able to get me to answer the question whether I am in favor of Negro citizenship. So far as I know, the Judge never asked me the question before. (applause) He shall have no occasion to ever ask it again, for I tell him very frankly that I am not in favor of Negro citizenship. (renewed applause)... Now my opinion is that the different states have the power to make a Negro a citizen under the Constitution of the United States if they choose...If the state of Illinois had that power I should be opposed to the exercise of it. (cries of "good," "good," and applause)
-- Abraham Lincoln

                                         Vol. II, page 281

                            Speech at Peoria, Illinois, October 16, 1854

       In the course of his reply, Senator Douglas remarked, in substance, that he had always considered this government was made for the white people and not for the Negroes. Why, in point of mere fact, I think so, too.
-- Abraham Lincoln

                       Vol. III, page 399 Notes for speeches, September 1859

       Negro equality! Fudge!! How long, in the government of a God, great enough to make and maintain this Universe, shall there continue knaves to vend, and fools to gulp, so low a piece of demagoguism as this?
- Abraham Lincoln
 

If I thought this war was to abolish slavery, I would resign my commission and offer my sword to the other side" ? 
-- General U.S. Grant 1862
 

       'Nothing is more certainly written in the book of fate than that these people 'the negroes' are to be free. Nor is it less certain that the two races, equally free, cannot live in the same government. Nature, habit, opinion has drawn indelible lines of distinction between them'
Thomas Jefferson in his autobiography

Contributed by Alevi and Sugarslim81

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The following information was received via a circular:
WE KNEW THIS WAS COMING!

TO ALL CONCERNED:
THIS IS REALLY IMPORTANT! MAKE, SO MAKE SURE YOU CALL THE PHONE NUMBERS LISTED BELOW:
YOU CAN ACTUALLY LEAVE A MESSAGE FOR THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITEDSTATES!
We knew this was coming... Our new President didn't waste any time. Please do your part to keep affirmative action!
SENATE PASSES BILL ON:
"NO FUNDING FOR MINORITIES IN COLLEGE"

A bill will be heard in Congress next week to prohibit affirmative action in admissions for ANY institution of higher education that receives ANY federal funding (Pell grants, loans, etc.).
This would end affirmative action in EVERY COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY IN THE UNITED STATES!
PLEASE READ AND ACT SOON!
Rep. Frank Riggs (R-CA) Chairman of the House Education Subcommittee on Children, Youth, and Families is planning to offer an ANTI-AFFIRMATIVE ACTION in admissions amendment when the Higher Education Act is voted on the floor NEXT WEEK.
The amendment would prohibit all institutions of higher education from using affirmative action in its admission decisions? If even one student at the institution receives federal funds (i.e., Pell Grant or Student Loan), they would be violating federal law under this proposal.
Affirmative action would be illegal even if the school believes it is necessary to insure a diverse student body, or to remedy past or present discrimination.
E-mail address:
http://www.house.gov/riggs/contact.html (Congressman Frank Riggs)
CALL members of Congress: (202) 224-3121 AND
CALL the President: (202) 456-1414.
Congress and the President need to hear from us concerning the importance of affirmative action for the peoples who have been and continue to be maltreated and neglected since 1865.
PASS THIS MESSAGE ON TO EVERYONE YOU KNOW! ALL OF US WILL LOSE IF THIS BILL BECOMES THE LAW OF THE LAND!

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ALL ABOUT NON-URBAN DICTATE (NUD)

Re: Tom Joyner Radio Ads



KNOWLEDGE IS POWER!

You have probably heard of "N. U. D. " as a result of the Tom Joyner morning show related to CompUSA.... It is the acronym for a very subtle and little known marketing term specifically directed toward people of color. NUD stands for Non Urban Dictate. Three words that essentially mean a company is not interested in the Black Consumer. [A NUD label means that a company does not want their marketing and advertising materials placed in media that claim an urban audience as their main target.] There are legitimate reasons for companies not using urban radio. It may be that Blacks don't index high in certain categories or that a company's strategy is to market to the Black consumer down the road after they have established a strong position in their primary target.

But a NUD usually means that a company is not interested in the Black consumer. Companies evade discrimination liability by embracing it as theory rather than policy. As a service to Black consumers, the Urban Institute will list all companies that have a NUD policy. Armed with this information, we feel that Black consumers will be able to make informed buying decisions.

Companies with NUD:

Starbucks Jos. A Bank
CompUSA Weight Watchers
Keebler Life Savers
Continental Airlines Northwest Airlines
America West Airlines /HBO - Apollo Series
Paternal Importers Calico Corners
OM Scott Pepperidge Farms
Ethan Allen Busy Body Fitness
Mondavi Wines Builders Square
Don Pablo Lexus
Aruba Tourism Ciba Vision
Kindercare Grady Restaurant
Eddie Bauer

Please forward this information on to any other consumer that you consider friend and advise them to do likewise. Remember, we can't act wisely unless we are informed wisely.

Contributed by gpj@ix.netcom.com

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…Received in an E-mail circular:

THEY ARE GOING TO TRY AND BREAK US

ANY AND EVERY WAY THAT THEY CAN!!


TAVIS SMILEY IS OUT!



I thought I'd share this bit of rather disturbing news please share with your e-mail list
Rudene

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I, too heard this being talked about on the Tom Joyner Show. Viacom's address and telephone numbers are listed at the bottom of this message for all those who want to respond, and I think that we all should respond!!!!

***

To All,

Please share your thoughts about this matter before these folks remove all informational broadcasting which is helpful to us. If they are allowed to remove this show without any resistance for Travis's own, then, they will continue to eliminate us one by one. We all know what it is like to struggle for and through something which is right.

"United we stand, divided we wither away one by one."

Thanks,

Gil…

Good Morning All,

I don't know who of you get the Tom Joyner Morning show but I was so moved by Tavis Smiley and his commentary…regarding the regrettable and completely stupid decision of Viacom/BET to cancel his BET Program. I alone can provide an array of BET programming that should be cancelled without even touching Tavis Smiley's show. Like Tom said, Tavis taught us how to be advocates for so many others and for so many causes ranging from the plight of the HBCU's to the cancellation of other worthy black programming. He now needs us to move for him…

Tom Joyner gave out this data this morning. I hope I wrote it correctly. If not, please go to Viacom's website.

The number/person to contact/fax/email:

Mel Karmazin (not sure of his title)

VIACOM:
51 W. 52nd Street
NY, NY 10019

212-258-6000 main number
212-975-6500
212-975-5361 fax
mkarmazin@viacom.com <mailto:mkarmazin@viacom.com

I'm hearing on the show as I write this, that they are blocking emails to Mel Karmazin at Viacom.

***
Are we surprised??? Isn't this exactly what happens to every Black Man or Woman who cannot be bought and stands up to speak the Truth against the status quo and/or is a voice for Black Folks expressing their concerns? It's no coincidence that Tavis is out following his recent Black Forum where many important issues were aired regarding the Black dilemma in this "Good Ol' U.S. of A.

Tziona Yisrael, Editor

***
Excerpts from the words of Mr. Tavis Smiley:
"…As for me, it is time to move on. To find and create new ways to fulfill my passion and my purpose. And that, brothers and sisters, has not changed in the least bit---to continue to use whatever talent God has blessed me with to help enlighten, encourage and empower Black people. To do my part to help make Black America better.
When we make Black America better, we make all of America better. And to that end, there is much work to be done, and we all have to enlist in the fight to redeem and save the soul of Black America.
…outside of God's love, there's nothing in the world like Black love. I will never forget that, I will never take Black love for granted.
Thank you again and keep the faith!"
Tavis Smiley
Compliments of BlackVoices.com

***
THE WORLD WITHOUT BLACKS


A very humorous and revealing story is told about a group of white people who were fed up with African Americans, so they join together and wish themselves away. They passed through a deep dark tunnel and emerged in sort of a twilight zone where there is an America without black people.

At first these white people breathed a sigh of relief. At last, they say, no more crime, drugs, violence and welfare. All of the blacks have gone!! Then suddenly, reality sets in. The "NEW AMERICA" is not America at all-only a barren land!

1. There are very few crops that have flourished because the nation was built on a slave-supported system.

2. There are no cities with tall skyscrapers because Alexander Mils, a black man, invented the Elevator, and without it one finds great difficulty reaching high floors.

3. There are few if any cars because Richard Spikes, a black man, invented the Automatic Gear Shift. Joseph Gammell, also black, invented the Super Charge System for Internal Combustion Engines, and Garrett A. Morgan invented the Traffic Signals.

4. Furthermore, one could not use the Rapid Transit System because its precursor was the electric trolley, which was invented by another black man by the name of Elbert R. Robinson.

5. Even if there were streets on which cars and a rapid transit system could operate, they were cluttered with paper because an African American, Charles Brooks, invented the Street Sweeper.

6. There were few if any newspapers, magazines and books because John Love invented the Pencil Sharpener, William Purvis invented the Fountain Pen, Lee Burridge invented the Type Writing Machine and W.A. Lovette invented the Advanced Printing Press. They were all, you guessed it, black.

7. Even if Americans could write their letters, articles and books, they would not have been transported by mail because William Barry invented the Postmarking and Cancelling Machine, William Purvis invented the Hand Stamp and Phillip Downing invented the Letter Drop.

8. The lawns were brown and wilted because Joseph Smith invented the Lawn Sprinkler and John Burr the Lawn Mower.

9. When they entered their homes, they found them to be poorly ventilated and poorly heated. You see, Frederick Jones invented the Air Conditioner and Alice Parker the Heating Furnace. Their homes were also dim. But of course, stupid, Lewis Latimer invented the Electric Lamp, Michael Harvey invented the Lantern and Granville T. Woods invented the Automatic Cut-off Switch. Their homes were also filthy because Thomas W. Steward invented the Mop and Lloyd P. Ray, the Dust Pan.

10. Their children met them at the door-barefooted, shabby, motley and unkempt. But what could one expect? Jan E. Matzelinger invented the Shoe Lasting Machine, Walter Sammons invented the Comb, Sarah Boone invented the Ironing Board and George T. Samon invented the Clothes Dryer.

11. Finally, they were resigned to at least have dinner amidst all of this turmoil. But here again, the food had spoiled because another black man, John Standard invented the Refrigerator.

Now, isn't that something? What would this world be like without the contributions of Black people? Martin Luther King, Jr. said, "that by the time we leave for work we have been dependent on half the world-modern America is created by dependencies on the inventions from the minds of Black folks".

Black history includes more than just slavery, Frederick Douglass, Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, Marcus Garvey and W.E.B. Dubois.

Contributed by gpj@ix.netcom.com

*********

LAST BUT NOT LEAST:

THE BALLOT OR THE BULLET


A speech given at a symposium sponsored by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), at Cory Methodist Church in Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

AUTHOR: El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcolm X)

DATE: April 3, 1964

EXCERPT:

When we begin to get in this area, we need new friends, we need new allies. We need to expand the civil-rights struggle to a higher level -- to the level of human rights. Whenever you are in a civil-rights struggle, whether you know it or not, you are confining yourself to the jurisdiction of Uncle Sam. No one from the outside world can speak out in your behalf as long as your struggle is a civil-rights struggle. Civil rights comes within the domestic affairs of this country. All of our African brothers and our Asian brothers and our Latin-American brothers cannot open their mouths and interfere in the domestic affairs of the United States. And as long as it's civil rights, this comes under the jurisdiction of Uncle Sam.

But the United Nations has what's known as the charter of human rights, it has a committee that deals in human rights. You may wonder why all of the atrocities that have been committed in Africa and in Hungary and in Asia and in Latin America are brought before the UN, and the Negro problem is never brought before the UN. This is part of the conspiracy. This old, tricky, blue eyed liberal who is supposed to be your and my friend, supposed to be in our corner, supposed to be subsidizing our struggle, and supposed to be acting in the capacity of an adviser, never tells you anything about human rights. They keep you wrapped up in civil rights. And you spend so much time barking up the civil-rights tree, you don't even know there's a human-rights tree on the same floor.

When you expand the civil-rights struggle to the level of human rights, you can then take the case of the black man in this country before the nations in the UN. You can take it before the General Assembly. You can take Uncle Sam before a world court. But the only level you can do it on is the level of human rights. Civil rights keeps you under his restrictions, under his jurisdiction. Civil rights keeps you in his pocket. Civil rights means you're asking Uncle Sam to treat you right. Human rights are some thing you were born with. Human rights are your God given rights. Human rights are the rights that are recognized by all nations of this earth. And any time any one violates your human rights, you can take them to the world court. Uncle Sam's hands are dripping with blood, dripping with the blood of the black man in this country. He's the earth's number-one hypocrite.

He has the audacity -- yes, he has -- imagine him posing as the leader of the free world. The free world! And you over here singing "We Shall Overcome." Expand the civil-rights struggle to the level of human rights, take it into the United Nations, where our African brothers can throw their weight on our side, where our Asian brothers can throw their weight on our side, where our Latin-American brothers can throw their weight on our side, and where 800 million Chinamen are sitting there waiting to throw their weight on our side.

Let the world know how bloody his hands are. Let the world know the hypocrisy that's practiced over here. Let it be the ballot or the bullet. Let him know that it must be the ballot or the bullet.

When you take your case to Washington, D.C., you're taking it to the criminal who's responsible; it's like running from the wolf to the fox. They're all in cahoots together. They all work political chicanery and make you look like a chump before the eyes of the world. Here you are walking around in America, getting ready to be drafted and sent abroad, like a tin soldier, and when you get over there, people ask you what are you fighting for, and you have to stick your tongue in your cheek. No, take Uncle Sam to court, take him before the world.

COMPLETE SPEECH:
http://www.indiana.edu/~rhetid/s302mx.html
http://www.indiana.edu/~rterrill/Text-BorB.html
http://www.humboldt.edu/~engl406/Z/malcolm/speech.html

Contributed by 110100.1564 @compuserve.com (onaje muid)

[IF YOU'VE SEEN IT BEFORE, READ IT AGAIN, TAKE HEED, AND ACT NOW!!!

REPNOW…Editor ]



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(We Exalt and Sanctify the GOD of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and profess the Laws HE gave to HIS Prophet Moses.)


Wisdom is the principal thing; therefore get wisdom: and with all thy getting, get understanding, Proverb 4:7 / Deuteronomy 28th Chapter: The African Slave Trade