I will scatter them, and then I will gather them: Deuteronomy 4:27; 28:64; 32:26; Isaiah 11:12;
Jeremiah 23:8 / Read about the African Slave Trade in Deuteronomy 28th Chapter.
REPARATIONS NOW IN OUR LIFETIME
N E W S L E T T E R!
"WE WILL NEVER FORGET!"
WE ARE HUMAN BEINGS, AND WE OWE IT TO OUR CHILDREN TO ESTABLISH AND DEMAND BETTER LIVES FOR THEM
AND FOR OURSELVES!
GIVE POWER AND MEANING TO
THE REPARATIONS MASS MOVEMENT - GIVE OF YOURSELF!
"Take direct action against the U.S. government!"
Dr. Robert Brock
Note from the REPNOW Newsletter Editor:
To my dear Brothers and Sisters:
Your knowledge, foresight, and compassion never ceases to amaze me. And please know that it is indeed a pleasure to collect your articles and compile them into monthly Reparations Newsletters. There is no question that one day, without a doubt, we will gain respect in this world for we have intelligence, wit, and genius to create and do anything. Resulting from life in the lands of our captivity, history has only recorded a small fraction of our potential, capabilities, and accomplishments. And were it not for Slavery, no doubt WE would have the remedies for all diseases and without the outrageous medical costs, too. Enslavement inhibited our progress, social and economic movement, our thinking, and our right to self determination. And try as we might to manifest a Black Culture, we still exhibit the customs and ways of those who control us. However, I assure you that all this will change, and we WILL be free!
August 17th is just another day for Blacks to remind the Descendants of our Slave Masters of what all their forebears have done to us, how many of our people were so brutally persecuted, murdered, maimed, raped, and yes, of course worked as Slaves for centuries until they died and without pay. August 17th is just another day for Blacks to reiterate the predicament of our suffering unto this day resulting from the Slave Trade. August 17th is just another day to give hope to those of us who want to walk on another continent. And regardless of how many more days we have to speak out about the INJUSTICE and LACK OF EQUITY that exists in this "Land of the Free," please know, my dear Brothers and Sisters, that our day will come.
WE WILL BE FREE!
WE WILL HAVE OUR OWN LANDS
WE WILL HAVE OUR OWN GOVERNMENTS TO RULE WITH MORALS AND VIRTUE.
WE WILL HAVE SCHOOLS FOR OUR CHILDREN!
WE WILL BE A RACE TO BE RECOGNIZED AND RESPECTED!
And it won’t be long before it is all a reality.
The Honorable Marcus Garvey would be so proud of all of us if he could see our scholars, educators, lawyers, authors, scientists, doctors, etc., etc., working towards rising out of the control and suppression we endure. And he would embrace us all with much elation and fanfare knowing that a great many Blacks in the Diaspora wish to return to Africa.
Unfortunately, because of GOD’s Sabbath Day of Rest, I cannot join you in the demonstrations and protests for REPARATIONS IN OUR LIFETIME on August 17, but my prayers are that you will be safe and impressive.
Tziona Yisrael, Editor
REPARATIONS NOW IN OUR LIFETIME Newsletter
(Click on "Repnow")
SOMETIMES WE NEED A LAUGH TO KEEP FROM CRYING
AND MY FOREFATHERS WOULD HAVE LOVED THIS ONE..
"FOR MY PEOPLE"
August 7, 2002
There was a Black man, a White man, a Native American Indian man, and a
Hispanic man...all four of them were on top of a cliff discussing the difficulties that his People have gone through. The Native American Indian said: "My people have suffered the most, and in honor of what my people have gone through, I will fling myself off of this cliff in hopes that my blood will Change things." So the Native American Indian yelled out real loud, saying "THIS IS FOR MY PEOPLE," and jumped off of the cliff. The Hispanic man, not wanting to be outdone, quickly looked at the other two men and followed yelling: "THIS IS FOR MY PEOPLE," and jumped off the cliff as well. The Black man was touched by these gestures and decided it was his turn, so he yelled "THIS IS FOR MY PEOPLE," and he pushed the White man off of the cliff!
[Violence is not always the answer. Of course the Thirteen Colonies used it and became the USA. Now, the USA uses it to manipulate the World. But look where it’s gotten them. Of all the countries on this planet, the USA is hated the most! Be sure to Read "The Rogue State" - "Last But Not Least." T.Y., Editor]
MILLIONS FOR REPARATIONS
August 13, 2002
I would like to invite you to a history making event. If you do not attend there will be information on our website about the rally.
Message to the Grassroots
Millions for Reparations, August 17, 2002, is a grassroots led and organized rally. We need your support to make it happen. Help us spread the word; help us organize buses; send donations to make the rally happen. Send $5.00, $10.00, as much as you can. Make donations payable to: The Code, mail to 456 Nostrand Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11216. Donations also accepted on this site. We can do this.
The Trans Atlantic Slave Trade and Jim Crow set the stage for the 21st century. The policy of entrenched racism has emanated from all branches of the United States government. From the days of the auction block to the recent United States government walk out at the United Nations World Conference Against Racism held in Durban, South Africa, the United States government has relentlessly held on to its white supremacist ideology.
The exploitation of African people in this country has taken many forms through the years. The centuries of chattel slavery laid the foundation of our relationship to America. From the sharecropping fields to the factories, African labor built the "super power" that is the United States. In return, we have endured the terrorism of the Ku Klux Klan, systematic lynchings, chain gangs, plantation prisons, police torture and murder, poverty, miseducation, inadequate housing, unemployment, welfare WEP programs, ACS child kidnapings, voter discrimination, crack, heroin, Rockefeller drug laws, political prisoners, and the assassination of our leaders. However, we're still here!!
The demand for reparations for African people is just and simple. It is simply an attempt to "repair," to "make whole" the descendants of the victims of the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade, which was a CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY! Crimes against humanity have no statute of limitations.
And our people still suffer from the vestiges of their enslavement and colonization.
We are going to the capitol of this nation, built on slave labor, the rightful and only place to declare our human and legal right to REPARATIONS.
Gregory Carey, president of Reparations Central
Millions for Reparations
456 Nostrand Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11216
866-817-5729 National toll-free phone number
718-398-1766 New York City phone number
THE REVOLUTION WILL BE TELEVISED!
Watch C-SPAN, Reparations Rally this Saturday, 12 noon to 5PM EST.
August 12, 2002
History will be made during the Millions for Reparations Rally, Saturday August 17th, 2002 in Wash., D.C. The Rally will commemorate the 115th birthday of the honorable Marcus Mosiah Garvey. The main theme is reparations; internal and external. External reparations are a demand to the U.S, international governments and corporations to compensate or repair Black people for the enslavement of our ancestors. Internal reparations are Black people repairing ourselves.
Black people have little control over external reparations. Black people, we have total control over internal reparations. We must take the necessary actions steps to achieve both, simultaneously. A lot of people are aware of the plan for external reparations. Very few are aware of the plan for internal reparations.
The Plan for internal reparations is simple. MATAH Network will introduce The Plan 'live' via C-SPAN. MATAH co-founder, Ken Bridges, and others will introduce The MATAH Plan for Internal Reparations.
Sisters and Brothers, this time the revolution will be televised. Make sure you're ready. Make sure you check your local TV listings. Make sure you invite your friends, family and neighbors to tune in. Make sure you listen and watch closely, then take action to implement The Plan.
Please share this information with your e-list and visit http://www.matah.com/
Watch C-SPAN, reparations rally this Saturday,
12 noon to 5PM EST.
TV. Viewers will learn about the Matah Network - the "internal reparations" system.
MATAH Regional Organizer
If not The MATAH, WHO???
If not MATAH Network, WHAT???
If not Now, WHEN???
Submitted by Digest for TheBlackList@topica.com, issue
MILLIONS FOR REPARATIONS
FIRST AID ADVISORY
August 12, 2002
HEALTH TIPS FOR NATIONAL RALLY
AUGUST 17th, 12 PM - 5:30 PM
1. Please wear comfortable shoes.
4. There will be readily visible aid stations with water, shade and chairs.
5. If there is the need for emergency services, bring it to the attention of one of the marshals for the day; come to one of the aid tents and we will facilitate the response.
6. The aid stations will also be lost and found locations if you get separated from your party.
7. If you have any special medical conditions, please a) inform the people you are traveling with and b) carry on your person any information that medical providers would need to know in the event of an emergency. This includes any known allergies to medication or contraindications to medication you are on.
LOGISTICS FOR NATIONAL RALLY AUGUST 17th, 12 PM - 5:30 PM
1. Provisions have been made for buses coming to DC to park at RFK Stadium.
2. Participants will be directed to walk to the rally at the National Mall or to take DC Metro transportation, which is very accessible.
3. The rally will start at 12 noon and end at 5:30 pm.
4. In close proximity to the event there will be vendors who have supported the rally by their application fees - please patronize these vendors for what you need.
5. If you should have any questions on Saturday, August 17th, please see the designated marshals.
If you need additional information please, visit our web-site:
Call (708) 389-9929 or (718) 443-2223
Fax us at the above numbers
E- mail us at "Friends Of Zimbabwe" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Submitted by Digest for TheBlackList@topica.com, issue 1177
MILLIONS FOR REPARATIONS
AUGUST 17, 2002
August 8, 2002
The transatlantic slave trade and Jim Crow set the stage for the 21st Century. A continuous policy of entrenched racism has emanated from the judicial, legislative, and executive branches of US government, from the days of the auction block to the recent US walk out of the United Nations World Conference against Racism held in Durban, South Africa. The United States government has relentlessly held on to its racist ideology.
The economic exploitation of African people in this country has taken many forms through the years. The centuries of chattel slavery laid the foundation of our relationship to America. From the share cropping fields to the factories, African labor built the "super power" that is the United States. In return we have received the terrorism of Klu Klux Klan, systematic lynching, chain gangs, plantation prisons, police brutality and murder, poverty, mis-education, inadequate housing, unemployment, welfare WEP program, ACS child kidnappings, and voter discrimination, crack, heroin, Rockerfeller drug laws, Political Prisoners, and the assassination of our leaders.
The demand for reparations for African people is just and simple. It is simply an attempt to "repair," to "make whole" the descendants of the victims of the transatlantic slave trade, which was a crime against humanity. Crimes against humanity have no statute of limitations. And our people, the victims of these crimes, still suffer from the vestiges of their enslavement and colonization. Racism persist to this day because it produces economic benefits for a social elite.
We are going to the Capitol of this nation, built with slave labor, and the rightful place to declare our human and legal right to Reparations.
THEY OWE US!
Now more than ever, African people must stand united!
JOIN THE MILLIONS FOR REPARATIONS RALLY
CAPITOL MALL, WASHINGTON, DC
AUGUST 17, 2002
FOR MORE INFO (718) 398-1766 or (718)443-2223
Submitted by Digest for TheBlackList@topica.com, issue 1172
COUNT DOWN BEGINS FOR REPARATIONS RALLY
AUGUST 17TH WASHINGTON, D.C.
ALL POWER TO THE PEOPLE ! ! REPARATIONS NOW!!!!
THEY OWE US!!
Count Down Begins for Reparation Rally August 17thWashington DC
* Be informed, in touch, in
step and on time
August 17th Millions Demand ReparationS - Washington DC is getting near.
The last mile is always the most difficult. It is time to take a deep breath, get your form together and give it everything to the victory line. We would like to thank everyone for working hard and putting the word out about the march and building mass support throughout the United States and abroad. However now It's On.
The last haul
Calling on Everyone to get to their nearest ticket center and purchase their ticket to get on the bus.
Calling on Everyone to call all their friends, family, and contacts to make sure that they are going to get their tickets to get on the bus.
Calling on Everyone to call the radio station that they listen to and ask them why they don't hear more talk about reparations and the rally on August 17th in DC.
Calling on Everyone to send in their contribution toward the rally to help defray the expenses for sound, toilets etc. You can ask your church or organization to take a special collection. All donations are tax-deductible.
Calling on Everyone to help spread the word in your neighborhood to secure all last minute support. (Call and get flyers, buttons, t-shirts, etc..) The question remains, did our Ancestors die in vain for some to tell us we do not have the right to what is ours or the means to get what we rightfully deserve?
Reparations belongs to us, we fought for it, we died for it and we shall continue to fight and die for it! They think if they pile barriers on and roadblocks before us we will surrender. Nobody has taught them that we don't know the word surrender. That word we can't spell. It's not in our dictionary!
To paraphrase Mugabe on the land question in Zimbabwe. We must learn from them and embody the desire to struggle and win against all odds. NEVER GIVE UP! VICTORY BELONGS TO THE PEOPLE!
"If there is no struggle, there is no progress. Those who profess to favor freedom, and yet depreciate agitation, are men who want crops without plowing up the ground. They want rain without thunder and lightning. They want the ocean without the awful roar of its many waters. This struggle may be a moral one; or it may be a physical one; or it may be both moral and physical; but it must be a struggle. Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and it never will."
They want to Stop us. They don't want this rally to happen. They get some of our own people to help them (consciously or unconsciously), but we will not give in. We Will Win and We Will Win with the help of the people. As in Zimbabwe, as in Cuba, and as in everywhere that oppressed people are triumphantly defeating the oppressor.
Support Hon Cynthia McKinney & Hon Maxine Waters
*BLACK WORLD EVENTS
MOBILIZING MILLIONS FOR REPARATIONS
ALL ROADS LEAD TO WASHINGTON, D.C.
FOR MARCUS GARVEY’S BIRTHDAY
July 17, 2002
As I noted in previous articles, 2002 is the 30th Anniversary of two seminal events in the life and times of Africans in America in the 20th century, the historic National Black Political Convention held in Gary, Indiana and the African Liberation Day marches and rallies that mobilized the largest number of people in support of the freedom struggles in Africa since the heyday of the of the Honorable Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association.
Three decades later, two veteran social and political activists who played leading roles in the Gary Convention and African Liberation Day, Viola Plummer of the December 12th Movement and Dr. Conrad Worrill, Chairman of the National Black United Front are National Co-Chairpersons of another history making initiative, The Millions for Reparations Mobilization.
The Mobilization will be a massive march and rally in Washington, D.C.
on August 17, the 150th birthday of the Honorable Marcus Garvey. The ultimate goal of this initiative is to educate, mobilize and organize millions of Africans in America to actively support and engage the struggle to win reparations for the sons and daughters of Africa in America to provide compensation to repair the damages of the
holocaust of enslavement and centuries of white supremacist domination. As the word about the August 17th Mobilization races through Black America, there is little doubt that this event will attract the largest number of people ever to visibly demonstrate support for the concept of reparations in the United States.
I can think of no more appropriate day to organize such a critical event than on the birthday of the Honorable Marcus Garvey who was an unflinching champion of "African redemption." And, I can think of no more appropriate time than the present to intensify the struggle for reparations. While George Bush and Aschcroft are spearheading a "war against terrorism" that is rapidly subverting the Bill of Rights of the
U.S. Constitution, Africans in America need to be focusing on the centuries of terrorism which was part and parcel of the long tortuous, genocidal and tragic travail of enslavement which victimized and "underdeveloped" our people in the U.S. and worldwide.
While the right wing forces in this country continue a furious assault on the "gains" of the civil rights movement by virtually defining racism out of existence through the judicial pronouncements of a reactionary Supreme Court, Africans in America need to be on the offensive demanding reparations and articulating a vision of a new social order where all of the victims of "Americanism" are made whole as a part of a New Covenant for a new society.
As I suggested during my remarks at the 13th Annual Convention of the
National Coalition for Reparations for Blacks in America (N'COBRA), reparations is now on the lips of millions of Africans in America who knew little about the concept or did not support it 30 years ago (N'COBRA will be sponsoring a series of educational activities in conjunction with the August 17th march and rally).
Now there is a rising tide of consciousness about reparations which needs to be widened and deepened to forge a formidable and irresistible force to compel the government, offending corporations and institutions to make restitution for their sponsorship and complicity with slavery.
The challenge is to mount a massive educational campaign that will covert the folks who now have a casual and superfluous knowledge about reparations into righteously outraged Africans who are prepared to engage the struggle for restitution, restoration and reconstruction of our communities by any means necessary - marches, demonstrations, litigation, legislation, economic sanctions, civil disobedience and
massive disruption - Reparations Now!
August 17, 2002 must mark a turning point, an event which signals that a
mass educational campaign is underway to mobilize millions of righteously outraged Africans to fight for reparations. Roger Wareham and a team of lawyers have already filed a series of lawsuits seeking reparations from corporations for their involvement in slavery. The N'COBRA legal task force headed by Adjoa Aiyetoro is preparing to
file another line of cases in the near future.
Harvard Professor Charles Ogeltree, Johnnie Cochran, Randall Robinson and Willie Gary are also poised to enter the judicial battleground for reparations in short order.
Congressman John Conyers, Ranking Member of the House Judiciary
Committee and Dean of the Congressional Black Caucus continues to dutifully
introduce H.R.40, the Reparations Study Bill each year in the Congress of the
United States. Multifaceted mass action in the street, however, is the
single most important tactic that will strengthen the struggles in the courts,
the legislative chambers and corporate board rooms. We must be prepared to
become ungovernable in our quest to win reparations.
Accordingly, all roads must lead to Washington, D.C. August 17, Marcus Garvey's birthday. Organize your family, neighbors, friends, your sorority, fraternity, barbershop, beauty salon and bar buddies - drive, take the train, the bus, a plane, hitchhike, do whatever is necessary to swell the multitude which will gather in the Capital of the U.S. for the most significant march and demonstration in the first decade of the 21st
century - the Millions for Reparations Mobilization.
Bring your Red, Black and Green Flag, the Universal African Liberation Flag, our Flag, and proclaim to America and the world that the sons and daughters of Africa in America will not rest until the trials and tribulations, courage, vision and heroic struggles of our ancestors have been vindicated. Reparations Now! All roads lead to Washington, D.C on the 150th birthday of the Honorable Marcus Garvey! Up you mighty race, you can accomplish what you will."
By Ron Daniels
The Black World Today
729 East Pratt St., Baltimore, MD, 21202
Phone: 410 521 4678 | Fax: 410 521 9993
Submitted by Digest for TheBlackList@topica.com, issue 1150
Only when WE are in the position to institute
"FREEDOM and JUSTICE"
for ourselves, will we embrace it.
it will never happen in the lands of our captivity!
REPARATIONS NOW IN OUR LIFETIME Editor
AHI HOSTS AUGUST 17, URC
INDABA ON REPARATIONS AGAINST RACISM!
August 1, 2002
August 17, marks the 115th Birthday of the Hon. Marcus Garvey, one of the greatest International Afrikan organizers ever. In commemorating his birth this year, we must remember that although we never quite know just what our children will grow up to become, Marcus Garvey no doubt became one of the greatest sons of Afrika. He exceeded all the expectations of his family, his town, his island country, and his worldwide Afrikan NATION. Therefore, Azania Heritage International is proud to Host during the hottest days of summer, Black August, the First Little Haiti Unite & Resist Campaign Indaba called "UNITE for REPARATIONS, RESIST against RACISM!"
This exceptional event will be held at the Kingsley Association Center, 6118 Penn Circle S., E. Liberty (Pittsburgh) and will start LIVE at 10 AM. Tentative Speakers List for the day include the distinguished Prof. Rashid Soundiata, Pan Afrikanist scholar, and Prof. Uhuru Hotep, Duquesne U. professor and brother of Black Panther Party founder Huey P. Newton.
In Unity Forum Refreshments Poetry Culture Slams Music In Resistance
In continuity with all anti-racist action, our program ends promptly at 1 P.M. because Unite & Resist Campaign fully supports the Thomas Merton Center's August 17 "ROCK AGAINST RACISM" and will present on that day. Iskandar Langalibale will represent the collective views of Azania Heritage, URC and the Black Radical Congress. Hence, URC requests full participation from our supporters and all anti-racist people for the TMC event at Schenley Park, from 1 PM until 8 PM, and we will take a contingent there to give complete support and sustain anti-racist work in Pittsburgh.
For more information contact Iskandar at 412-628-6808
Submitted by Digest for TheBlackList@topica.com
CITY COUNCIL HOLDS HISTORIC HEARING ON REPARATIONS
July 19, 2002
It was an historic moment.
The City Council of New York held its first hearing on the subject of
reparations to the descendants of enslaved Africans.
This landmark hearing was conducted by the Governmental Operations Committee, Chaired by Deputy Majority Leader Bill Perkins. Councilman Charles Barron, the prime sponsor of four reparations Resolutions, joined him.
"This hearing speaks to the momentum of the reparations movement that is sweeping New York City and the nation," said Barron. "Africans built New York City's infrastructure and economy and were never paid. It's time that we as a municipality acknowledge this crime against humanity and resolve to allocate some form of reparation for the African Descendant Community in New York City."
The first Resolution calls for the City to fund a commission to study reparations to descendants of enslaved Africans held here on the City's soil. Another proposes a "Reparations Awareness Day," while a third declares support for the plaintiffs in a class action lawsuit that seeks restitution from three corporations that profited mightily from the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade. The fourth calls for the United States Government to hold fact?based hearings on the issue of reparations.
SUPERB TESTIMONY PRESENTED
Perkins and Barron brought together an extraordinary roster of speakers who approached the subject from an array of viewpoints. The Federal, State and local levels of government were all represented as US Congressman John Conyers, Jr., State Assemblyman Roger Green, and former New York City Councilman Wendell Foster gave testimony. Deadria Farmer-Paellman and Atty. Roger Wareham, both pivotal in the class action lawsuit for retribution from Aetna Inc., FleetBoston Bank Financial Corporation, and the CSX Corporation, examined the issue from a legal perspective.
A phenomenal amount of historical background was provided by Howard Dodson, Chief of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Dr. Leonard Jeffries, professor at the City College of New York, Prof. James Small, Vice President of the Organization of Afro-American Unity, and historian Rosemary Meely.
Community leaders Dr. Delois Blakely, who carries on the legacy of Queen Mother Moore, and Rev. Herbert Daughtry also gave important testimony. Ajamu Sankofa of N'COBRA, Atty. Mutu Matsimela from the Reparations Mobilization Coalition, and Linda Roots, for the Metropolitan Council of the NAACP, provided invaluable insight as well. Marion Davis and Reggie A. Maybry spoke simply and to the point in behalf of themselves and their enslaved ancestors.
Also quite useful to the discussion was Councilman Peter Vallone, Jr., who voiced several arguments against reparations, giving them a chance to be rebutted. For example, he said he didn't believe reparations were in order because any debt owed was paid with the blood of the people who fought in the Civil War, and that dragging out this debate from the past would only be divisive.
Atty. Wareham addressed "this myth" that reparations would push the communities apart, stating, "They already are apart, and one of the reasons is, there has never been redress for the crime against humanity that was committed. When you look at the statistics that define the quality of life--infant mortality, healthcare, life expectancy, wealth, unemployment, incarceration--and you compare the statistics of the Black and Latino community with that of the white community, you would swear you were talking about 2 different nations, not people who supposedly have the same citizenship, opportunities, and rights. This discrepancy exists because of an historical imbalance that was never redressed. You can't move forward if you don't look back."
Dr. Jeffries pointed out, as well that during the Civil War, half a million white folk deserted the Union Army because they didn't want to fight. In fact, there were so many that desertion was made a crime punishable by death to try to stop them! He spoke about New York City's infamous Draft Riots of 1863, when immigrants, particularly the Irish, rioted in lower Manhattan, vandalizing and terrorizing the African
community. "They burned down a Black orphanage and maimed and murdered hundreds of our people," said Jeffries. "This is all documented and we have a sacred honor to lay it out."
Councilman Barron also reminded Vallone that his own father, former City Council Speaker Peter Vallone Sr., submitted a Resolution calling upon the US government to formally acknowledge the mistreatment of Italian Americans during the Second World War and to give these people and members of other ethnic groups similarly mistreated, reparations comparable to those given to Japanese Americans. "If it's good for Italians, it's good for Africans," stated Barron.
LITTLE-KNOWN HISTORICAL FACTS PRESENTED
An absolute wealth of little-known historical information was presented at this hearing. For instance, Assemblyman Roger Green--who has introduced his own Bills on reparations up in Albany--clarified the fact that New York was the heaviest slaveholding region north of the Mason-Dixon Line. Furthermore, New York City was a focal point in the trade of enslaved Africans on the Eastern Seaboard.
Howard Dodson concurred. He stated that although New York enjoys a reputation as one of the liberal refuges from slavery during the decades leading up to the Civil War, it was a slavery colony and state for 200 years--longer than the 177 years it's been a free state.
He also made it crystal clear that every white person benefited from slavery in New York, not just slaveholders. Slavery was a publicly organized and operated institution created by the laws of the colony of New Amsterdam. The first slaves brought to New York in 1625 weren't brought as private "slaves" to work for individuals, but as public "slaves" to work for the City. They built forts, constructed houses—in general were the labor force that created the foundations of New York City as we know it today.
Dodson also explained that from the founding of the Republic through the years leading up to the Civil War, New York City, as the financial and commercial capital of the United States, controlled the sale of the slavery-produced goods that were sold abroad. Cotton grown by enslaved Africans was shipped up here from the South, and from here sold to Europe. Even though the slave trade was abolished in 1807, New York continued to operate as a hub of the illegal trade to Cuba and Brazil well into the 1860s.
And he revealed a truly shocking fact: "Due to its economic dependence on slavery and the slave trade, when South Carolina seceded from the Union in 1861, Mayor Fernando Wood proposed that New York City also secede and join the confederacy. Fortunately, the City Council of 1861 voted down this proposition."
IT IS CURRENT!
One of the things brought out abundantly in this hearing is that the colossal injustice to Blacks didn't end when slavery did in 1865; the horrors have continued down to this very day.
Rev. Daughtry, spoke about the fact that the most vicious time of terrorism for Blacks was between 1865 and 1898. "You talk about terrorism today," he said. "During that period tens of thousands of our people were killed, lynched--and the legacy carries on."
Prof. James Small backed this up, stating, "You've got to count the fact that the Ku Klux Klan has killed more African American citizens than bin Laden, yet it's not declared a terrorist organization. Slavery is alive and well; it's simply changed its form and mannerism." He explained that after 1865 slavery became a de facto institution in terms of the Black Codes, sharecropping, Jim Crow, red lining, and segregation in New York City, which--as the 2000 Census exposed--is, even now, one of the most segregated cities in the entire nation. "That is a result of slavery in the State and City of New York," said Small.
Atty. Mutu Matsimela also provided an overview showing the rightness of the demand for reparations not only for what occurred under slavery, but for the systemic, institutionalized racism--all the denial of basic human rights current today.
He also made it clear that, contrary to what the US government and mainstream press would have us believe, the struggle for reparations is an international movement with lawsuits being prepared in the Caribbean, Brazil, Uruguay, Venezuela, and throughout Central America. "This effort going on here in New York City is, in fact, a part of a global movement around reparations," he concluded.
When Chairman Perkins brought this groundbreaking hearing to a close, he said that he anticipates at least one additional hearing before a committee vote that would then send the Resolutions to the full Council for consideration.
For further information contact Perkins' office at (212) 788-7396
By Donna Lamb
RacismReasonandRubbish] New York City Council Holds Historic Hearing on ReparationsALARKAM@webtv.net
[Ms. Lamb and a few others are the rare gems in this society who dare to speak out and who desire to see Reparations paid for the heinous crimes against Black humanity. Ms. Lamb is White, and her efforts in our regard are very much welcomed. T.Y., Editor]
REPARATIONS STRUGGLE MOVES FORWARD
AT THE INTERNATIONAL LEVEL
July 25, 2002
On Thursday, July 25th, at the United Nations in New York, another quiet but significant step was taken at the international level in the movement for reparations to the descendants of slavery. At its Consultative Session, the Economic and Social Council voted to fund the establishment of a Working Group of five Independent Experts on People of African Descent. Even though the main purpose of this Working Group is to consider ways of eliminating racial discrimination, it will also be an important forum for the diverse descendants of enslaved Africans all across the Americas, the Caribbean and the slavery Diaspora to meet and begin to make decisions about the means of reparations that would be required to restore the specific groups in the different countries.
This reporter was glad to have been there to witness the vote, invited by Mr. Silis Muhammad and accompanied by three members of All For Reparations and Emancipation (AFRE), Ida Hakim, Maia Hadi, and Hussamideen Fedayeen. AFRE is an international NGO that's been working at the forefront of the effort to gain UN assistance in the restoration and reparations effort. Members of AFRE were at the World Conference Against Racism (WCAR) held in Durban, South Africa last September, and now, they had come to the United Nations to hear the debate and see the final outcome of this resolution passed at that ground-breaking conference.
It all started at the WCAR when the participating countries gave birth to a resolution calling for the establishment of this Working Group of five Independent Experts on People of African Descent, which would meet for two one-week sessions during this year, prior to the next meeting of the Commission on Human Rights. It was sent, as a part of the WCAR Declaration and Program of Action, to the General Assembly where it was approved. Next, it went on to the Commission on Human Rights, where it was hotly contested, with the first vote tied with several abstentions. On the second vote, it passed.
From there, it came to the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) for approval during its Consultative Session, held from July 22 - 26th at the UN. It was crucial that it pass there, for if it didn't, it would essentially die from lack of funding.
THE DISCUSSION ON THE FLOOR
When the Chairman of ECOSOC opened the floor for discussion of the resolution containing this decision, a delegate from Denmark spoke first on behalf of the European Union (EU). He stated that the EU would be voting against it because they believed that "the text in this decision before us goes well beyond what was agreed on in Durban." He pointed specifically to the call for the establishment of the Working Group on people of African Descent as one of the things that had been added after that agreement.
The delegations from both Cuba and South Africa, however, strongly disagreed. The Cuban delegate said that while Cuba respects the right of any country to vote as it pleases, they could not stand by when inappropriate statements were made--such as pronouncing that the decision to form this Working Group had not come straight out of the Durban Conference, but had been added later. And a delegate from South Africa agreed that "nothing could be further from the truth" and said they "were shocked by the comments made by the EU."
The United States' statement was short and, unfortunately, pretty much what one would have expected. After saying that the US opposes racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism and other forms of religious discrimination and related intolerance both here and abroad--all of which can be seriously questioned--the delegate stated, "However we cannot support this resolution. The resolution is based on the flawed outcome of the World Conference against Racism and the Durban Declaration in which the United States did not participate and which the United States does not endorse."
Regardless of how the discussion went beforehand, when the vote was taken it was thrilling to see on the voting board--where each country's vote was instantly registered next to its name and a running tally of all the votes was displayed on the side--that the yes votes climbed higher and faster than the no votes and abstentions. The final count was 30 in favor, 17 against, and 4 abstentions.
On close inspection, it could be seen that the no votes were essentially the United States and European Union along with Australia. Burundi Cameroon, Croatia, Japan and the Republic of Korea abstained. The delegations from the other counties on the Economic and Social Council--from Africa, South and Central America, the Caribbean, China, and the Russian Federation--voted for the resolution.
After a vote is taken, delegates are given the opportunity to explain their vote if they wish. Australia did so, saying that they had voted against the draft decision because of the "divisive political discussions" during the Durban Conference. Hearing this, one couldn't help but think of how frequent it is for white folk to make an accusation that something "divisive" is taking place whenever people of color stand up for their rights.
THE MEANING FOR REPARATIONS
When asked how she thinks the establishment of this Working Group will impact on the reparations movement, Ida Hakim explained, "The force that brought this working group into existence was the reparations movement, so I'm confident that this working group will deal with the subject of restoration and reparations. Our hope is that it will continue the movement already underway at the UN to unite the descendants of enslaved Africans as one people, from Canada to Chile, to the Islands and across the slavery Diaspora."
This reporter was grateful to have been there at the United Nations to see history in the making, as another victory was won in this great—and very necessary--struggle for justice.
By Donna Lamb
Donna Lamb is Communications Director for CURE, an organization of white supporters of reparations to Blacks. Their website is www.ReparationsTheCURE.org
ORDER YOUR REPARATIONS RIBBON-PINS TODAY!
The Reparations Ribbon is
From: Reparations Mobilization Coalition
The ribbon-pin has been a very popular item! It is a small plastic lapel pin shaped in the form of a red, black and green ribbon. The Reparations Ribbon is appropriate for any style of clothing that a Sister or Brother would wear.
If organizations and individuals need 100 or more pins, please allow 3-5 weeks delivery time due to the fact that we have to re-order an even larger quantity. Now, that's a great "problem" to have!
They go for a donation of at least $1.00. Include 75 cents for every 10 ribbons ordered for shipping and handling.
All organizations and individuals interested in bulk quantities as well as any correspondence, please email the Reparations Mobilization Coalition at: <email@example.com>
Please make checks payable to: "Brecht Forum/Reparations" and send to:
Reparations Mobilization Coalition
122 W. 27 Street 10th Floor
New York, New York 10001
All proceeds go towards the Coalition's Reparations Update! Newsletter and its grassroots educational/mobilization work.
Thank you to all who have responded so positively
REPARATIONS MUST BE PAID
Trinidad’s & Tabogo’s Peoples Newspaper "Newsday"
July 17, 2002
African slavery was perhaps the worst form of terrorism of the last 500 years, with the physical subjugation and economic hobbling of countries running a close second. Sometimes it was difficult to differentiate between the two groups, the horror of it all. Western European nations have been the greatest colonisers and enslavers in world history.
Yet, ironically, they have been able to do a mental sleight of hand with respect to the enslavement and colonising of Africa and similar positions vis a vis the African Diasporas, as against their being overrun and their economic and industrial growth
crippled by the Germans during World Wars 1 and 11.
The Allies, having defeated Germany at the end of World War 1, established a Reparations Commission, which just under two and a half years later in April of 1921 required reparation payments from Germany to the tune of US$33 billion! The British, who were part of the Allied Forces, which defeated Germany, had paid at the abolition of slavery 20 million pounds sterling, not to the slaves, but to those who had enslaved them. I write this without bitterness, without rancour, but merely to demonstrate why any seeking of the redressing of the imbalance of history, with particular reference to reparations to the descendants of African slaves, as well as to former colonised Africans, has validity.
The position of Allied Europe, immediately following on World Wars 1 and 11, clearly approximated that of colonised Africa, not merely after slavery, but during the long depressing night of colonialism.
Let us begin with World War 1. Germany, which had declared war on and had fought the Allied nations had crushed France for the second time in a little over 40 years. At the end of the war, France, had demanded and received reparations from Germany, not only in the form of money, but raw materials. France, whose economic and industrial growth had been set back by the war, sought and won the ceding for a period of 15 years the extensive Saar coal mines of Germany, as well as the return of Alsace and Lorraine, with its vast coal mines, which Germany had seized from it years earlier in 1871.
Germany's rapid industrial development had been made possible by the vast mineral resources in the Saar, the Ruhr and Alsace and Lorraine. The reparations received by the European countries, which had been occupied and ravaged by Germany had set a precedent for the manoeuvre to help similarly affected countries back on their feet.
It had been Europe's colonies in Africa and India which had forged the industrial growth and economic expansion of Western Europe. Industrialisation of European occupied Africa was deliberately discouraged, even to the extent, at once ludicrous and sad, of a Governor rejecting a proposal to establish a factory in Uganda to produce blankets! "The estimated levels of per capita industrialisation around 1750" in what is today called the developed world and the now so-called developing world, saw the developing world responsible for 73 percent of the world's manufactured goods, while the developed world produced 27 per cent: Paul Bairoch, "Economics and World History: Myths and Paradoxes".
By 1860, after more than a century of cruel exploitation and deliberate underdevelopment by Europe, the situation had been reversed. The developing countries now produced 36.6 percent of the world's manufactured goods, and the developed nations 63.4 percent.
By 1900 the developing world, with the colonies largely restricted to being primary producers, turned out 11 per cent of the world's manufactured goods, and the developed world 89 per cent.
This was not due to hurricanes, earthquakes and pestilence, but part of an almost diabolical policy of Western Europe. But even these sad differences in production levels slipped yet further in 1953 to 7.2 percent and 93 percent respectively, rising a bit to 16.7 percent developing world and sliding back a mere whisper to 83.3 percent for the developed world.
Germany's policy, as it sought to colonise Tanganyika, about 1880, instituted a scorched earth policy to subjugate the area. There was "the systematic destruction of houses, crops and storages, as well as the capture of available stock....The military command found that famine was its most useful weapon....Troops were stationed
in a strategic food production location to prevent any farm activity during the main seeding periods. The local people were faced with the cruel choice of surrendering or facing death by starvation" Helge Kjekshus, "Ecology Control and Economic Development in East African History: The Case of Tanganyika 1850-1950".
As a result of this, the man made famine, Kjekshus would note in Pages 143 to 146, became the strategy relied on almost entirely by the German Army as it sought to overcome resistance. Indeed, so proud were the Germans of this strategy that they went so far as to incorporate it in their standard military handbook at the time. It was, the handbook cynically described it, a cruel but useful ally which the Army should not refrain from putting to use.
When German military operations ended in August of 1907, one estimate, put 75,000 Africans as having died during the war. In another estimate, 120,000 were supposed to have died mainly from famine.
If it was all right for the European Allies to demand and obtain reparations from the Germans after World War 11, is it not in order for East Africa to demand reparations from Germany. And for Africa and the African Diaspora in the Caribbean and the Americas to demand and expect reparations as well for, where relevant, slavery and colonisation and all that went with it?
Following the end of World War 11, total reparations demanded of Germany and Italy by principally Russia, Greece, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia totaled US$1.27 billion, plus raw materials and what have you. At the end of World War 1 the sum of US$33 billion had been demanded and agreed to for the restoration of Belgium, France.
If Europe (the Allies) could demand and receive reparations from Germany, then why can’t Africa and the African Diaspora not be able to demand and receive reparations from their former colonisers who had suffered far worse. Reparations, Africa and its Diaspora should insist, must be paid.
By Brotha George Alleyne
Submitted by [BRC-REP] Trinidad-Tobago Says: Reparations must be paid!!
A REPARATIONS – YES ANNOUNCEMENT!
NOW IS THE TIME TO UNIFY
OUR MINDS..OUR HEARTS
COMMUNITY by COMMUNITY
CHURCH by CHURCH
BUSINESS by BUSINESS
ORGANIZATION by ORGANIZATION
CITY by CITY, STATE by STATE
COMPUTER by COMPUTER!
TO PROMOTE GENDER UNIFICATION and TO PRODUCE AN UNWAVERING
MOBILIZED LINK OF HUMAN
CONCERN, ACTION, POWER and RECOURSE
To Disable the MANY Social, Economic, Moral and Political,
confrontational adversities effecting our entire earthly existence.
MARK YOUR CALENDAR TODAY!
As of January 1, 2002 you will be able to log onto the web site:
To register to receive your
"I'm For Reparations" Membership Card
This card is only the beginning in our efforts to create a sense of
in our struggle for reparations because it shall also represent our collective involvement to work to combat any and all other issues,
that we face as a race of people!
After January 1, 2002, be sure to check the web site on a regular basis
because it will also provide you with updates on all the special offerings
that you will be entitled too, once you have activated your membership card.
Message Sponsored by:
Unity International Multi-Service Corporation
Home of the
Host of the 2003 Million Dollar March for Reparations
The International Petition for Reparations
The Web site is dedicated to serving and being of service to the people!
Submitted by MzWayMaker@AOL.COM
The Reparations Movement’s goals are as follows:- Obtain Reparations from all countries that prospered from Black Slave Labor
- Schedule Conferences, Marches, and Protests until the White Society
compensates Descendants of the Slave Trade
- Speak at the United Nations on Reparations for Survivors of the Slave Trade in order
to gain International Support from all or most countries
- Demonstrate in front of the UN in Geneva for World Attention
- Establish an International Fund for Descendants of Slaves
- Target Companies that existed during the days of Slavery for Reparations, and if they
do not comply, then list them as "Unworthy" for Black patronage
- Seek support for Reparations from Companies that prosper off of Black Clients
- Seek Celebrity support for Reparations
- Involve the Media
- Make "Reparations" the buzz word for this new century
- Etc., etc., and by "any means necessary" within the Law
REPARATIONS YES - MOVEMENT
Announces Historical Nation-Wide Petition Campaign
The Reparations - Yes International Petition
Drive Web Site is Up and Running!
The International Reparations Petition
located online at:
Please pass the word
Remember the goal is
No Less Than
150 Thousand signatures per state!
Please visit www.unity4theworld.com and sign the petition Today!
Remember we are trying to secure 50 Thousand signatures from each state and foreign country, every signature counts, including yours!
Ms. Clara Peoples
Ms. Lisa Clay
Dr. Saharra Bledsoe
IN SUPPORT OF REPARATIONS!
STEP UP!and DO SOMETHING IN SUPPORT OF REPARATIONS! OR
THERE CAN BE NO REAL - PEACE!
EXAMPLE OF THE BROADENING
OF THE REPARATIONS MOVEMENT
The Reparations Movement in the US and thruout the African Diaspora is growing exponentially. This is a good thing... that can get out of the control of the true and principled Reparationists if let alone to evolve uncoordinated.
That's why a Reparations Manifesto that groups and individual activists sign on to is key at this moment.
Check out this example of the positive broadening of the Reparations Struggle:
Submitted by BRC-REP
WANT TO HOST A "RAP?"
RAP (Reparations Awareness Presentation)sessions are designed to educate your organization, religion institution, or Family/friends about the Reparations Movement by discussing some of the basic Issues surrounding the demand.
· Reparations defined
· Recipients of Reparations
· Forms of Reparations
· Wrongs committed against people of African descent
· What you can do to build the National Rally in Washington D.C. August 17th
If you can help in Brooklyn let me hear from you! If you can help in another Boro let me hear from you twice!!
Millions For Reparations New York City Organizers
Phone: 718 398-1766
Brooklyn: Lateefah, Omowale or Greg
Queens: Erica or Amadi
*****MARK YOUR CALENDAR OF EVENTS*****
HERITAGE POWER SUNDAYS
Reclaiming Our Sacred Heritage Every (Sun)Day Preparation for Reparations
176-03 Jamaica Ave.
Directions: Take the F. to 179 or E. train to Parson
Salvation Service Begins: 1:00 P.M. -3:00 P.M.
Directions: Take the F. to 179 or E. train to Parson
CONTACT: John W. Branch, Director / Call: (718) 523-3312/ Jwatusi@aol.com
Submitted by firstname.lastname@example.org (mene harris)
SUNDAY REPARATIONS MEETINGS
Muhammad Mosque of Islam in Boston, Massachusetts invites you to attend weekly meetings each Sunday at the Dillaway located at:
183 Roxbury Street
(Next to the Timilty School, in Roxbury)
Meetings start at 2:00 P.M., but on the last Sunday of the month we start at 1:00 PM.
For more information and to schedule free lectures on Reparations at your church, school, business or organization, feel welcome to telephone Minister Malik Al-Arkam at (617) 770-2017.
August 16, 2002
REPARATIONS FOR AFRICANS
MAKING IT REAL
PASS THE WORD!!!
The National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America (N'COBRA) issued a call for August 16, 2002 to be honored as BLACK FRIDAY after its April 2002 Board meeting in Washington, D.C. BLACK FRIDAY will prepare us to participate in the August 17th Millions for Reparations Demonstration, March and Protest that will be held in Washington, D.C.
If you cannot join us in Washington, D.C. you can still participate in BLACK FRIDAY and maintain the spirit of BLACK FRIDAY on August 17 in support of the Millions for Reparations Demonstration, March and Protest and set the stage for A Year of the Black Presence. Black Friday and the Millions for Reparations Demonstration will be the first mass actions in the 21st Century on the road to Reparations.
They represent our united stand against 500 years of terrorism.
SEE COMPLETE ARTICLE SEVERAL PAGES BELOW:
August 17, 2002
NATIONAL REPARATIONS MARCH
The Millions for Reparations March, Protest, and Demonstration demanding reparations from the United States Government will be held in its Capital City, Washington, D.C. on August 17, 2002. This date, August 17th, is significant because it marks the 115th anniversary of the birth of one of our great ancestors and leaders, the Honorable Marcus Garvey.
The call for this march by the Durban 400 is picking up steam in the African Community throughout America. Thousands of African people in America are beginning to get prepared to participate in the march and are actively mobilizing to encourage our people to be present and accounted for in Washington, D.C. on August 17, 2002.
Dr. Worrill is the National Chairman of the National Black United Front / NBUF located at:
12817 S. Ashland Ave.
Fl. 1, Calumet Park, Ill. 60827
E-Mail: nbufchi @allways.net, Web site: nbufront.org)
Please see full details in The REPNOW Newsletter #24.
October 1 - 6, 2002
Info & Registration
on the PanAfrican Conference
For those interested in REGISTERING, obtaining information, and attending the upcoming historic Post-Durban Working Conference of Africans and African Descendants, please click on...
The conference is from 2 to 6 October 2002 in Barbados and there should be special rates and package deals available thru this website or given fone number. The purpose is to WORK towards building a grassroots PanAfrican organization of struggle, resistance and institution building.
To develop strategies to implement the UN Program of Action to eradicate racism
To exchange information about effective programs and projects
To form a global Nongovernmental Pan-African Organization by which we can work together.
For further information, please CONTACT: email@example.com
CONFERENCE ROUNDUP ON RACISM TO ATTRACT MANY
I thought y'all'd LOVE to include the following - ('cause we KNOW the
U.S. don't want THIS to be SUCCESSFUL!):
July 12, 2002
BARBADOS -Organizers of an International Conference Against Racism to be held here in October are seeking to have in attendance personalities such as Venus and Serena Williams, Nelson Mandela, Louis Farrakhan, Kofi Annan, Fidel Castro and Harry Belafonte, among others.
At a Press conference at the Barbados Tourism Authority yesterday, president of the Congress Against Racism, Reverend Aaron "Buddy" Larrier said that the Congress was seeking to invite the above persons to the African and African Descendants Conference and Concert Against Racism to be held in Barbados from October 1-6, this year.
Larrier was accompanied by the CEO of the Congress, Philip Knight, Public Relations Officer Glenroy Straughn and Senior Vice-President of the Barbados Tourism Authority (BTA) Stetson Babb.
Explaining how Barbados came to be hosting the conference, Larrier said the decision was taken at the United Nations World Conference Against Racism, held last year in Durban, South Africa.
At that conference, Larrier pointed out, members of the African and African Descendants Caucus (AADC) unanimously agreed that any follow-up NGO conference should take place in the Caribbean, and that Barbados should be the venue.
Going into the list of other invited guests, he revealed that invitations have also been extended to Rev. Jesse jackson, Rev. Al Sharpton, Johnnie Cochran, Dr. Angela Davis and Mary Robinson.
Knight said he anticipates that approximately 1 to 500 people from 168 states will attend the conference, which he estimates will cost around $1.265 million. He also stressed that the conference will not be a talk shop, but an action-oriented meeting geared at coming up with solutions and strategies to tackle the problems faced by African people and their descendants around the globe.
'We are looking at a response to globalization and the impact on Africa and the African Diaspora. We are looking at affirmative action and the issue of public health crisis that is facing Black people, the issue of HIV/AIDS, malaria, diabetes, heart diseases and the judicial system, among others.'
Speaking on behalf of the BTA , Babb pointed out that BTA supported the conference because of the number of visitors it will bring to the island, especially during a slow period. Their support is not an expression of the political and philosophical perspective of the BTA, he stated."
THE DAILY CHALLENGE Weekend Edition July 12-14, 2002
Let us KICK BUTT!
[Actions speak louder than words. Trust me! T.Y., Editor]
REPARATIONS YES - MOVEMENT
Announces Historical Nation-Wide Petition Campaign
The Reparations - Yes International Petition
Drive Web Site is Up and Running!
Please visit www.unity4theworld.com and sign the petition Today!
Remember we are trying to secure 50 Thousand signatures from each state and foreign country, every signature counts, including yours!
Ms. Clara Peoples
Ms. Lisa Clay
Dr. Saharra Bledsoe
FREE THE MIND... FREE THE PEOPLE... FREE THE LAND
THE NATIONAL COALITION OF BLACKS FOR
REPARATIONS IN AMERICA (N’COBRA)
The book listing on Reparations and Black History can be found in REPNOW Newsletters 1 - 5.
Check this out:
BLACK REPARATIONS: American Slavery & Its Vestiges
Published by DC Metro Chapter of N'COBRA
THE NEW REPARATION BOOK IS AVAIABLE FOR YOU AND YOURS!!!
This is an N'COBRA Fundraising Project.
We have received many requests for this book over the Internet and by phone. We are thankful for the great interest it has created. Most importantly, we are thankful for all the praise we have received from those who have read it! Independent Africans School children and university students have purchased copies to write papers! Several professors have asked to use the "Black Reparations: American Slavery & Its Vestiges" in their classes!
…this publication is, "Black voices of reparations from the community" or "street reparations 101." Scholars, politicians and news commentators have their voice and venues to state their perspective, and we need ours. This text is written by Black People for Black People primarily.
You have heard about it, now you can get it! Print the order form and mail in your order today!
Read this complete email to see the many subjects this work address. You will find the complete table of content and preface!
Help us build the Reparations Movement by ordering copies of this book for family and friends.
_____Yes, I want one copy of Black Reparations for $15.00, plus $3.00 shipping and handling - total $18.00
_____Yes, I want three copies of Black Reparations for $39.00
($13.00 per copy), plus $4.25 shipping and handling - total $43.25
Payments must accompany orders. Allow 3-4 weeks for delivery.
My check or money order for $_______ is enclosed.
Phone___________________ E-mail __________________
Call (202) 466-1622 or e-mail DcNcobra@ aol.com
Make your check payable and return to:
P.O. Box 716
Washington, DC 20044-0716
Discount and Wholesale prices are available upon request.
[I haven’t read BLACK REPARATIONS: American Slavery & Its Vestiges, YET, but I shall. However, I urge "Newcomers" in the fight for Reparations to go out and purchase THE BLACK HOLOCAUST FOR BEGINNERS by S.E. Anderson, as well. If you have never read a book about the TransAtlantic Slave Trade, then this is the book for you. It’s very informative and very well written. And I highly recommend it for everyone desirous of knowing the facts about the Blacks who were stolen out of Africa. T.Y., Editor]
ANCESTOR MAY BE LISTED & A MASTER SOLD BY A SLAVE
Bishop Desmond Tutu
Forward Ever (by any means necessary); Backward Never!
Search TheBlackList Archive:-
"THE BLACK HOLOCAUST FOR BEGINNERS"
IS BACK IN PRINT!!
Due to a convergence of the death of Brother Glen Thompson - the publisher of Writers and Readers publishing company - and the deep financial trouble the publishing house is facing in an increasingly monopolized book publishing world, The Black Holocaust For Beginners was out of print for about a year.
Well It's back in print NOW! You can order the book from your favorite Black bookstore or go online to the major web book sellers. Please do not hesitate and wait till the end of August to order. The new managers of Writers and Readers could only afford at this time to print a limited amount.
The book is especially useful in helping everyday folks of any age understand the historical basis for Reparations activists claiming that slavery was a crime against humanity.
S. E. Anderson
The following are some amazon.com customer responses to
"The Black Holocaust for Beginners:"
Truth In Your face, February 13, 2002
Reviewer: Prof. Westrup from Houston, TX
This is excellent literature, with extremely vivid graphics!
Texts such as this should be written more often, as it is a well researched source of Black History.
For library black studies and American history collection, February 14, 2001
Reviewer: Midwest Book Review (see more about me) from Oregon, WI USA
The systematic exploitation, enslavement and extermination of Africans in the Western Hemisphere dates from the start of the European slave trade around 1500 BCE to the conclusion of the American Civil War in 1865. The Black Holocaust killed millions of African human beings and is (because of the social prejudice and dehumanization necessary to justify slavery) the most under-reported event in western history. The Black Holocaust For Beginners is an ideal introduction to this incredible human chronicle of suffering and is a "must" for every school and community library black studies and American history collection.
The single-most impacting book of Black history I've read., September 15, 1999
Reviewer: La Joya Khaaladan (firstname.lastname@example.org) from Las Cruces, New Mexico
I've been reading everything "black" I could get my hands on since I started my awakening. I stumbled upon the Holocaust book in a small bookstore in Albuquerque, NM and had it read by that afternoon; I couldn't put it down. I was so impacted upon by the pictures, particularly of Sister Translator hanging from her tongue because she could speak to many and because she dared to strike a white man. It was so very interesting to learn about the Arab slave trade, especially the current state of affairs regarding slavery in Mauritania and the Sudan. Of great interest to me was the numbers Mr. Anderson cites. My husband, who is also a Black activist, has said for year he felt there were 100-150 million involved; it's easy to see there were really more than that. I applaud Mr. Anderson's bravery in writing a book about things no one wants to hear. I was moved to tears.
Thank you, Mr. Anderson and may the Lord of your Fathers richly bless your life for your contribution to the cause.
Submitted by BRC-REPARATIONS: Black Radical Congress - Reparations Caucus
Questions/Problems: send email to <email@example.com>
[How I wish this book had been available for me when I thirsted for information on The TransAtlantic Slave Trade. When I was curious enough to want to know what exactly happened in Africa, on the slave ships, and on the plantations, my teachers refused to discuss it - both Blacks, as well, as Whites. Unfortunately, at that time, Slavery was TABOO! And it’s no exaggeration, I couldn’t put this book down, either! T.Y., Editor]
KHALIFAH'S BOOKSELLERS & ASSOCIATES
Producers & Disseminators of the Literature that is Finally Freeing Afrikan People:
"Those at Home and those abroad!"
WE SHALL WIN THIS WAR!
Imari A. Obadele
The web address for Without Sanctuary" is listed in the REPNOW Newsletter #13.
Please pass this information on to others for it is out of…
AMERICA'S SHAME: CONTEMPT & THE LYNCHINGS
James Allen’s photos on the lynchings of Blacks in America
FOTO DOCUMENTATION OF US LYNCHINGS –
Sistas & Brothas,
This newly reconstructed site (more interactive...more info than last year) was passed on thru Sista Deadria Farmer-Paellmann <firstname.lastname@example.org>, one of our top Reparations lawyers investigating the corporate crimes against African humanity within the enslavement process (and its post-emancipation economic terrorism).
Pass it on to teachers, relatives, friends in denial, young folks....
I thought the following might interest you.
Searching through America's past for the last 25 years, collector James Allen uncovered an extraordinary visual legacy: photographs and postcards taken as souvenirs at lynchings throughout America. With essays by Hilton Als, Leon Litwack, Congressman John Lewis and James Allen, these photographs have been published as a book, "Without Sanctuary" by Twin Palms Publishers. Please be aware before entering the site that much of the material is very disturbing.
We welcome your comments and input through the forum section.
Submitted by email@example.com
See a wide range of E-mail Addresses & WebSites on REPARATIONS in the REPNOW Issue #13.
A WISE LIBERATION MOVEMENT USES A
BROAD RANGE OF TACTICS
Minister Malik Al-Arkam
Boston Representative of the
Honorable Silis Muhammad
JOIN THE BLACK REPARATIONS MOVEMENT TODAY !
IT IS A WIN, WIN CASE FOR US!
Oscar L. Beard
Stay strong in the struggle; we will win!
I am Gregory Carey, Founder and President of Reparations Central, an online reparations searchable database. We would like for you to view our website that is in the development stage at http://www.reparationscentral.com
We are also attempting to unify and centralize the reparations movement.We are looking for other organizations that are doing reparations work to put on our website. Also, we are asking every organization to consider putting an audio/video presentation on our website. This website is the hub of the reparations movement worldwide. We need your support and help to make this reparations clearinghouse a successful venture.
Aluta Continua Asante Sana
HOW CAN I SUPPORT THE REPARATIONS MASS MOVEMENT?
1.) I suggest that you approach the city in which you reside for reparations, support for reparations, or information as to how to obtain reparations. Your strategy may be a model we all may benefit from at the local level.
2.) Next, demonstrate your willingness to join others in the struggle for reparations.
3.) I would hope that you join or start an N’COBRA chapter in your locale area (if there is none) and become an active and energetic member/reparations information resource, for your Afrikan brothers and sisters.
Submitted by R. Hazard, N’COBRA
"Together We shall Win REPARATIONS NOW!!!"
Free Your Mind - Join N’COBRA.... Free The People.... Free The Land...
S.E. Regional Rep. N’COBRA
NEW NIC RELATED ADDRESS: N’COBRA_INT_COMM@HOTMAIL.COM
January 27, 2002
ALL ELECTRONIC N’COBRA INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION RELATED BUSINESS WILL BE CONDUCTED THROUGH THIS NEW EMAIL ADDRESS AS OF JANUARY 27, 2002.
ALL PERSONAL MATTERS FOR ONAJE MUID WILL REMAIN ON
PLEASE ADJUST ALL YOUR EMAIL RECORDS ACCORDINGLY.
ONAJE MU'ID, N’COBRA
JOIN N’COBRA AND THE MILLIONS FOR
THE AUGUST 17, 2002
On the way to participate in the historic Millions for Reparations March on August 17, 2002, join N`COBRA immediately. By joining N`COBRA, our collective organizational power will intensify our demand for reparations.
THEY OWE US!
By Dr. Conrad W. Worrill
Dr. Worrill is the National Chairman of the National Black United Front National Chairman of the National Black United Front
12817 S. Ashland Ave., Fl. 1
Calumet Park, Ill. 60827
708-389-9929, Fax 708-389-9819, E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org,
Submitted by [BRC-REP]
"If you are thinking one year ahead, sow a seed.
if you thinking ten years ahead, plant a tree.
If you thinking one hundred years ahead ...
educate the people."
A Manchurian Proverb
Compliments of Shakira A. Ali
Up You Mighty Race; We Can Accomplish What We Will!!!!
I Remain to Serve,
INTERESTING INFORMATION OF SIGNIFICANCE AND FYI:
REPARATIONS FOR AFRICANS
MAKING IT REAL
PASS THE WORD!
August 13, 2002
The National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America (N'COBRA) issued a call for August 16, 2002 to be honored as BLACK FRIDAY after its April 2002 Board meeting in Washington, D.C. BLACK FRIDAY will prepare us to participate in the August 17th Millions for Reparations Demonstration, March and Protest that will be held in Washington, D.C.
If you cannot join us in Washington, D.C. you can still participate in BLACK FRIDAY and maintain the spirit of BLACK FRIDAY on August 17, in support of the Millions for Reparations Demonstration, March and Protest and set the stage for A Year of the Black Presence. Black Friday and the Millions for Reparations Demonstration will be the first mass actions in the 21st Century on the road to Reparations. They represent our united stand against 500 years of terrorism.
HERE IS WHAT YOU CAN DO TO HONOR BLACK FRIDAY on AUGUST 16, 2002:
1. Buy only from Black owned stores and vendors. Begin now to make a list of the Black owned businesses and vendors in your area and publicize this list, encouraging the community to join you in only doing business with Black owned stores and vendors on BLACK FRIDAY.
1a.In solidarity with our South African brothers and sisters, boycott Coca Cola products.
1b.In solidarity with our brothers and sisters in Cincinnati, Ohio, boycott Proctor and Gamble Products.
1c.Prepare a small window poster saying " Buy Black on Friday" or something similar
3. Contact political candidates running for office and ask them about their position on Reparations for African descendants. Tell them you will not support a candidate who does not support the Reparations Study Bill, H.R. 40, introduced by Congressman John Conyers and agree to support a similar bill in your local legislature.
4.Participate in the Mass Reparations Forum organized by N'COBRA at 6:30 p.m., August 16, 2002 at Plymouth Congregational Church, 5301 North Capitol Street, NE, Washington, DC
5.Organize a Reparations forum for August 16 and/or 17, 2002 in your area, if you can't be in Washington, D.C. This can be simply a small gathering of friends, associates and family in your home or a larger event at a public forum. Canvas the audience about continuing BLACK FRIDAYs until 2003 and being a permanent part of the Reparations movement.
6.Read books and materials concerning Reparations for African descendants, the legacy of Marcus Garvey or other topics related to the history and current lives of African descendants in the United States. Here are just a few suggestions:
*The Tragedy of White Injustice by Marcus Garvey
*Marcus Garvey Hero by Tony Martin (good for youth)
*Lest We Forget by Velma Maia Thomas
*Race and Reparations by Clarence J. Munford
*Criminalizing a Race by Charshee C.L. McIntyre
*Shades of Freedom by A. Leon Higginbotham
These BLACK FRIDAY suggestions can be part of your ongoing commitment to act in solidarity with the worldwide demand for reparations. August 16, 2002 can be the beginning of an active commitment to lift up this demand throughout the United States by speaking about the issue in your circle of friends, family, associates and civic organizations; by supporting Black owned businesses; and, by demanding that those who are elected to represent you, support Reparations.
[Make every Friday "Black Friday!" T.Y., Editor]
DAVID HOROWITZ’ ANTI REPARATION MOVEMENT ALERT
Read about how David Horowitz will expose the movement for what it is and
educate more people about what its truly at risk if we fail to squelch this
August 6, 2002
Some movement radicals are demanding up to $10 trillion in repayments to all black Americans, or $277,780 per person. For non-black Americans it amounts to a tax tab of $37,878. Each. That’s $151,512 for a family of four!
"You can’t just apologize; you must also pay for the money you took," Jackson likes to say. His words truly expose the whole movement. It’s about money! It has to be, because America has done far more than simply saying it’s sorry about slavery.
Over the last 150 years no nation has tried harder to make amends for the morally bankrupt slavery system. No nation has invested more or enacted more legislation with the goal of ending injustice — for all of its citizens. The facts speak for themselves.
But for men like Jackson, Robinson, Cochran, Sharpton and other race hucksters it’s not enough. Their greed is almost palpable, as they continue to embrace the rhetoric of victimization and claim that the legacy of slavery is at the root of all black Americans’ problems.
Let me assure you, though, not every African-American believes this. The cards, e-mails, contributions and letters of support that I receive from men and women of all races are powerful evidence that the reparations movement’s attempt to paint blacks as perpetual victims isn’t luring in everyone.
But I must continue to expose the movement for what it is and educate more people about what is truly at risk if we fail to squelch this movement now … and that’s what Phase II of our CAMPAIGN TO STOP THE REPARATIONS MOVEMENT NOW! will do.
So please, help me again today with a contribution of $25, $50, or $100 if possible. Help me raise the $100,000 needed to fund new advertisements and distribute my booklet, Reparations and Racial Double Standards, to 300,000 students, political leaders and journalists nationwide!
Founder & President
The organization is The Center for the Study of Popular Culture.
4401 Wilshire Boulevard
4th floor, Los Angeles, CA 90010.
[White "Jews" are involved in every single lucrative economic venture on this globe, have control over the U.S. government and the stock and diamond markets, and receive more U.S. tax dollars than any other nation, and Horowitz has the audacity to say, "Their [Blacks] greed is almost palpable." PUHLEASE! Horowitz just doesn’t want the truth involving "Jews" and their involvement in the Slave Trade to all hang out. Oh, but it will, and everything regarding their usurping GOD’s Land and the Name of HIS Covenant People - the Children of Israel - who just so happen to be Black. The smoke and mirrors are slowly but surely dissipating for all to consider the real TRUTH, and Horowitz should know that it’s the GOD of Israel doing it! T.Y., Editor]
BLACK JOURNALISTS JEER PEER
August 8, 2002
A conservative activist says that he was booed, jeered and called "the white man's boy" by a crowd of nearly 300 black reporters and media figures for speaking against reparations at last week's annual convention of the National Association of Black Journalists.
Jesse Lee Peterson, founder of the Brotherhood Organization of a New Destiny, presented his opinions during a Friday debate with Michael Eric Dyson, author and professor at the University of Pennsylvania, on "The Case For/Against
Reparations for African Americans."
"During the question-and-answer period, Dyson and others in the audience called me ignorant and accused me of being 'the white man's boy,'" Mr. Peterson said. "They attacked my education and the way I speak and told me that I was a pawn
for the white man."
He said the reaction from the journalists calls into question their professionalism.
"I always thought that the responsibility of a journalist is to be objective and look at both sides. It seems that these journalists have a personal agenda to get out," he said in
an interview yesterday.
The attack on Mr. Peterson continued Tuesday in Mr. Dyson's weekly column in the Chicago Sun-Times.
"If you've ever wondered what a self-hating black man who despises black culture and worships at the altar of whiteness looks like, take a gander at the Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson," Mr. Dyson wrote. "In Peterson's mind, black rates of teen pregnancy, the breakdown of the black family and black people's addiction to civil rights advocacy are the unerring symptom of our moral failures."
About Friday's debate, Mr. Dyson wrote, "Mr. Peterson refused to engage in an intellectual or principled defense of his opposition to reparations. Instead, he relied on the heavy-handed emotional antipathy toward black people."
Mr. Peterson was invited by Condace Pressley, president of the black journalists group, to debate Mr. Dyson and argue against reparations.
Miss Pressley and Mr. Dyson did not return calls, and attempts to reach several members of the National Association of Black Journalists' board of directors were
The 90-minute debate was moderated by Ed Gordon, a former NBC television reporter and host of his own news show on Black Entertainment Television.
The event was part of the five-day conference that included several other speakers, although Mr. Peterson was one of the few conservatives.
Mr. Dyson has written books on race, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King and hip-hop. He is best known for his outspoken liberal views, stating last fall that the September 11 attacks were "predictable to a degree due to America's past imperialistic practices."
Mr. Peterson is the conservative author of "From Rage to Responsibility" and a former liberal. He is the plaintiff in a lawsuit against the Rev. Jesse Jackson, filed by Judicial Watch, that says he was assaulted during a public meeting of Toyota executives and Mr. Jackson in December.
"I've had both of them on my show," said Mark Thompson, an on-air personality at WOL-AM in Baltimore. "I let Jesse talk, which is the best way to deal with him. I would see no reason to have a confrontation with Jesse — he defeats himself."
Mr. Peterson countered, "All I can say about reparations to these people is that these professionals, you would think, would be happy with their progress and want to move forward. Instead, they were angry at me and saying I was defending white folks. But my principles apply to all of mankind."
THE WASHINGTON TIMES
[Peterson should know that White Folks’ principles DO NOT apply to him. He should also know that this is the very reason Descendants of Slaves are fighting for Reparations! MAN! When Black Folks are standing in line to receive Reparations, if he tries to butt me, I am going to insist that he go to the end of the line! T.Y., Editor]
I DON’T BELIEVE IN REPARATIONS
August 10, 2002
President Olusegun Obasanjo, Thursday, distanced himself for the popular clamour from reparation to African countries, whose fore bears were sold into slavery in the 17th century.
President Obasanjo made the declaration while responding to the request of "financial and moral support", by the Pan-African commission, which met with him in Barbados.
The commission had asked for support to enable it to organise an international conference in Barbados between October 1-6 this year. The conference, the commission said, will among other things press for reparation from European countries for the inhuman slavery experience meted out to their forebears.
Barbados, a small Caribbean Island country is predominantly (95 per cent) populated by blacks of African descent. the pursuit for reparation was one of the foreign policy campaign thrust of the late chief M.K.O Abiola, in 1993.
But President Obasanjo while pledging to identify with the large goal of helping the commission to re-establish link with their African ancestry, noted that the campaign for reparation, is neither realistic nor practicable.
He explained that while Africans shipped away from their native ancestral land may be justified to ask for reparation, those (Africans) to ask for reparation, those (Africans) who are still domiciled in their lands have no business or basis to ask for reparation.
According to him, "we do not need reparation. our forebears were either participants, accomplices on silent watchers in the slave trade business. So we do not need to ask for reparation." He however explained that "for those Africans whose forebears were shipped across the Atlantic like you (Barbadoans), yes, you may be justified in asking for reparation. But not those of us still on the other side of the Atlantic."
He pointed out further that the issue of reparation will raise several other complex scenarios that may be difficult to resolve.
President Obasanjo posed, for instance, a member of questions: "If they (the west) pay reparation, who will claim it. How will it be shared? Can the payment be a flat rate to all (victims)?", pointing out that, "those are some basic questions that we have to answer."
He explained further that the demand for reparation may trigger off a chain of world disquiet as several racial groups have suffered one form of injustice on the other from people of other races.
"If we press Europe to pay reparation, Europe will press the Jews to pay and the jews may also press the Romans to pay them, observing that the resultant confusion will be endless and complex.
He told the commission, "we should take what is practicable and relevant and pursue it relentlessly."
The conference which is to be attended by over 100 Non-governmental Organisation (NGOs) in October is expected to cost $1 million. The commission which submitted a proposal to president Obasanjo on the conference, however failed to get a financial commitment from the Nigerian presidents.
At the reception for President Obasanjo and his entourage, Wednesday night, by Nigerians in Barbados, he had enjoined them to be "good ambassadors of Nigeria, stressing that "if you are good citizen here (Barbados) then you can be "good citizens of the world and also good citizens of Nigeria" adding that, "Nigeria will be judged and accessed through what you do here."
Nigeria has neither an embassy nor a high commission in Barbados. The Nigerian high commissioner in Trinidad and Torbago Mrs Nne Furo Kurubo, oversees the affairs of Nigerians in Barbados.
President Obasanjo urged them to contribute to the development of Nigeria, having been educated with Nigerian resources. "You were educated with Nigerian resources. And now you are using your experience to develop other countries. I hope it is temporary, because you must begin to think of how you can use your experience, training and knowledge to develop your own country.
By President Obasanjo
Submitted by Re: [Mwananchi] Fw: [Ugandacom]
MILLIONS FOR REPARATIONS
AUGUST 17, 2002
August 12, 2002
REGARDING: THEY OWE US!
I will continue to ask:
Who owes you? What do they owe you? Are you going to get it?
Some questions for N'COBRA and all others of the MillionsDemanding Reparations from . . . whomever.
Are all these Millions CLEAR about what reparations are? If so, then what are reparations? Who are these Millions demanding reparations from? What are they demanding? Why are they going to Chicago on July 25 or to D.C. on August 17 to make these demands? What will happen if these demands aren't met? Will we then, again start hollering "No Justice, No Peace?" If reparations are given, how will they be distributed. (if it's money)
If it's not money, then what are the other options for reparations? Are the people these Millions are demanding reparations from the type that will listen to these Millions and respond with some form of reparations? Is it a realistic thought? Do they have a history of treating these Millions fair, respectable, without prejudice, and like human beings?
Have these Millions spent any time using their minds to come up with solutions that work for them, independent of the people they are demanding these reparations from? Do these Millions really need the reparations they are demanding, or is it the need to be VALIDATED by the people they are demanding reparations from?
Is what these Millions really want for reparations, an apology from the people they are seeking reparations from?
What if they apologize for enslaving Africans? Will that then squash the reparations movement?
Is there any amount of money or anything else these people the Millions are demanding reparations from, can give that can make up for the period of enslavement?
If not, then why demand anything other than anyone outside of ourselves? Has there ever been anything these people, that the Millions are demanding reparations from, have given us, that has been good for us and WORKED FOR US?
Is it true that ancestors of these Millions had knowledge that these Millions don't have now? If so, then doesn't that mean that there is more potential in the minds of these millions to receive that which is far greater than anything the people these Millions are demanding from, can give?
There seems to be a gross underestimation of the true potential of the minds of these Millions that are demanding reparations. Do they not realize, they are the Teachers asking of the students? Are these "Millions for Reparations" in anyway aware of how much precious time they are wasting, whether they are begging, asking, or demanding, anything from a people who have NO HISTORY OF RESPECTING ANYTHING ABOUT AFRICAN PEOPLE, including these millions? Have you revisited the "Dred Scott" decision by the Supreme Court of these divided snakes of america?
"Dred Scott first went to trial to sue for his freedom in 1847. Ten years later, after a decade of appeals and court reversals, his case was finally brought before the United States Supreme Court. In what is perhaps the most infamous case in its history, the court decided that all people of African ancestry -- slaves as well as those who were free -- could never become citizens of the United States and therefore could not sue in federal court. The court also ruled that the federal government did not have the power to prohibit slavery in its territories. Scott, needless to say, remained a slave."
<A HREF="http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2932.html">Click here: Dred Scott</A>
This racist, Chief Justice Roger B. Taney clearly states, "Black Men have no rights that whites are bound to respect."
Do any of these Millions, in some twisted way believe these people or this country has changed since 1847?
Just some questions . . .
Pass them along to these MILLIONS FOR REPARATIONS, and maybe I can get some answers.
Submitted by Mindsiopener@aol.com
MATAH: the path to TRUE Freedom for Africans
Get on the Freedom Train
[Amadi should know and understand that we will only RECOVER from this human tragedy when we can experience a genuine FREEDOM and LIBERTY. Reparations is the means to this end but not in the lands of those who control every facet of our lives. T.Y., Editor]
AND WHITE FOLKS WANT THE WORLD TO BELIEVE
THAT THEY ARE MORE INTELLIGENT THAN BLACKS
July 15, 2002
If african blacks weren't so promiscuous, AIDS would never have worked!
How many times have i read about nigger boys in Africa raping
goats and chickens? You IQ average of 70 retards are just oversexed pieces of
shit! You can't govern yourselves, you can't invent or EVEN SUSTAIN any kind of
civilization! When your colonial powers left, it was right back to rape, kill,
steal, and look
where Africa is now... the richest continent in natural resources with millions of niggers killing each other, enslaving each other, starving each other, and killing every white in sight.
I hope the government DID invent aids to rid the world of shitskins. SOmeone had to do it!
By Robin Houchens <email@example.com>
Now tell me my brothers and sisters is this what you want to assimilate with? My brothers and sisters we do not have the time to sort these folks out. Let us proceed to prepare to go Home and purge the Holy Land of the ungrateful people who are there injecting us with their filth and turn around and blame us for the misery they cause us.
[Is the Slave Master’s barbaric mentality still alive and kickin’ or what!! T.Y., Editor.]
SAVING THE LIVES OF OVER 40 MILLION BLACKS INSIDE
AND OUTSIDE THE DIASPORA
July 15, 2002
Dear Honourable Taficanti:
RE. SAVING THE LIVES OF OVER 40MILLION BLACKS INSIDE AND OUTSIDE THE DIASPORA
Solemnly, we thank you for all the efforts supportive of Dr. Graves' first scientific discovery germane to the great survivor of over 40million blacks inside and
outside the Diaspora. Without which the worst genocide and holocaust in human history would be recorded.
Now without iota of doubts the ongoing racially motivated proliferation of AIDS/HIV is the worst heartbreaking tragedy in the world.
NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL POLICY RESEARCH COUNCIL
Phillip C. Ofume, Ph.D.
Former Prisoner of Conscience adopted by Amnesty International
International Secretariat, London UK (1997) and United Nations (1996) Chair,
National and International Policy Research Council (above listed NGOs) National Chair, Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, Anti-racism Committee. Canada/International Status: STATELESS
Boyd E. Graves, J.D.
US Supreme Court Case No. 00-9587
Cell - 619-204-5683
Fax - 785-263-1568
Email - firstname.lastname@example.org
Web - http://www.boydgraves.com
THE MESSAGE IS FINALLY BEGINNING TO FILTER THROUGH. As Time pass the truth about this devilish virus will be verified and then the devil will have to reveal his hand as to whether or not he is going to turn over the cure for this evil call HIV / AIDS VIRUS.
To Whom it May Concern:
We have this information and we are doing nothing about it. 200 Black people die every hour under god. Boyd E. Graves, J.D., author, "STATE ORIGIN: The Evidence of theLaboratory Birth of AIDS" and "WORLD WAR AIDS: The Third World War" (2002, ZygoteMedia, Abilene, KS 785-263-1871) to download the 1971 blueprint for AIDS:
to view expert comments:
TO HELP ME STAY ON THE PLANET:
619-204-5683 Boyd Ed Graves
( August 7 - 13) Presented the solid science evidence of the U.S. origin of HIV/AIDS. I have one suit.
I wonder if Colin and Condeleeza have this information.
Boyd E. Graves, J.D.
US Supreme Court Case No. 00-9587
Cell - 619-204-5683
Fax - 785-263-1568
Email - email@example.com
Web - http://www.boydgraves.com
Submitted by firstname.lastname@example.org
ISRAELI LOBBY TARGETS
July 17, 2002
WASHINGTON, 16 July — After the brutal Democratic runoff for a House seat in Alabama, blacks, Jews, and Muslim Americans are preparing themselves for another fight over the August primary involving Georgia Democrat Cynthia McKinney.
The Georgia race is being run on a parallel track of the Alabama runoff, where attorney Artur Davis drew national Jewish support in his successful effort to unseat incumbent Rep. Earl Hilliard, who was viewed as too even-handed in Middle East politics.
The Israeli lobby scored its biggest history in years with Hilliard’s defeat. Hilliard, a five-term incumbent, a civil rights era campaigner and Alabama’s first black congressman since Reconstruction, was defeated by a flood of pro-Israel money sent to his opponent. Official word has it that 80 percent of Davis’ campaign funding — almost one million dollars, arrived just in the nick of time — from New York City.
Jewish donors have already begun funding McKinney’s challenger Denise Majette, a former state court judge from Atlanta who maintains a fervent pro-Israel position. As one of Capitol Hill’s greatest supporters of the Palestinians, McKinney has become the target of pro-Israeli Jews and conservative non-Jews alike.
Although some moderate pro-Israelis are worried about the bad blood with black politicians already caused by Hilliard’s defeat, and are suggesting that the lobby refuse the opportunity to go after McKinney, many in the Jewish community are said to be intoxicated with Hilliard’s defeat, and are now focused on taking down McKinney.
Realizing the danger, McKinney’s staffers have been taking a very low profile on anything to do with the Middle East.
Even more thoughtful pro-Israelis in town are said to be privately worried about the effect McKinney’s possible defeat will have on relations between Jews and blacks — often regarded as the cornerstones of the Democratic Party.
They also have expressed concern about the mobilization of the pro-Arab and Muslim resources sent to Hilliard, even if it was too late.
Indeed, Arab and Muslim American organizations are already soliciting their members to show their support by donating to McKinney’s re-election campaign.
"Congresswoman Cynthia McKinney (D-4th, Georgia), who is arguably the strongest supporter of issues of concern to the American Muslim community, urgently needs our help to win re-election," writes the Council on American-Muslim Relations, CAIR, in an urgent notice to its members.
"She has consistently and unflinchingly supported a balanced US foreign policy in the Middle East and has opposed lopsided bills that harm the interests of America, Israel and the Muslim world. She is a strong defender of civil liberties of all Americans and is known throughout the world as the voice of the voiceless — the champion of human rights. She has condemned racial profiling of any and all Americans and has consistently spoken out against the Secret Evidence Act and other legislative measures which seek to discriminate against certain racial minorities in this country," says CAIR.
"If we really want to help the people of the Middle East reach peace, then we need to stand up for Cynthia now and help defend her against this type of political assault."
"Hilliard was a lesson for us to grow on," said Abdurrahman Alamoudi, former executive director of the American Muslim Council and current president of the American Muslim Foundation. "We just started late with Hilliard."
McKinney’s main "problems" started last summer when she said the Bush administration’s decision to pull out of the Durban racism conference was a "travesty."
Last October, after New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani returned a $10 million gift to the city from Saudi Prince Alwaleed ibn Talal after the prince gently criticized the US policy in the Middle East, McKinney issued a public letter supporting the prince, asking that the donate the money to black charities.
Finally, in an April radio interview, McKinney called for an investigation into whether President Bush might have had prior knowledge of the Sept. 11, attacks and if he profited from them.
By Barbara Ferguson, Arab News Correspondent
Saudi Arabia's First English Language Dailyhttp://www.arabnews.com/
Submitted by Malik Al-Arkam (email@example.com)
[If the White "Jews" can’t use you, they MOVE YOU! And if they CAN use you, they buy you! Not an honest way to control, but I guess that’s the only way they know to meet their objective and be the money changers and the rulers of this world. T.Y., Editor]
July 19, 2002
RUN ‘EM OUT
I don't believe in politics or anything concerning this hellish system that has been oppressing Us. But this issue with Rep. McKinney is nothing more than Fake
Jews attempting to use their blood money to put another Strong African descendent in check.
If U choose to vote. vote and rally as much support as U can, but the outcome of voting can be bought. Whoever goes against Rep. McKinney needs to be ran up out of Georgia before the election takes place!!!
Playing their games is a submission to their system. Let the Jewish community and all others who have been financing Our policies Know that We have claimed Our
Independence and sell-outs will not be tolerated!!!
Rep. McKinney is one of the
few leaders, of any color, who has had enough Faith to speak out and question
issues that are affecting all of Us. Now WE must show how much support she
By Billion Billion_Atomic@yahoo.com
Submitted by Digest for TheBlackList@topica.com, issue 1150
WHY SUPPORT CYNTHIA MCKINNEY?
July 21, 2002
Peace and Justice Forces Rally to McKinney
AIPAC, the American Israel Political Affairs Committee is tasting
blood with the defeat of Earl Hilliard in Alabama.
The U.S. Congressman had enraged the Zionist lobbying group by often voting against legislation that one-sidedly favored Israel and introducing a bill to drop sanctions against Libya and Iraq.
AIPAC is now aiming its big financial and political fangs at Cynthia McKinney from Georgia's 4th congressional district. She faces a primary runoff on August 20th, which for all intents and purposes, determines the general election with an overwhelmingly Democrat constituency. Her stance on a balanced Mid East policy and her outspoken criticism of the Israeli occupation army has enraged AIPAC and it has arranged for hundreds of thousands of dollars to be poured into her opponent's campaign coffers.
McKinney's Black female opponent is a former Judge who was appointed by Sen. Zell Miller, a Georgia democrat who initially appointed this Jonetta come lately to the bench. He has joined the AIPAC chorus with an unprecedented assault on Democratic Party colleague McKinney. Thus, AIPAC is joined in this all-sided assault by the local and national apparatus of the Democratic Party because of McKinney's views on peace, human rights and civil liberties.
The question posed sharply is whether progressives will permit AIPAC and the Dixiecrats to foist Israeli policy on voters as the defining issue for the mainly Black district in the Atlanta suburb McKinney represents. More importantly, will they tolerate AIPAC to further subvert 37 years of struggle to implement the 1965 Voting Rights Act by its use of the discriminatory campaign financing laws to oust an African American woman whose outstanding performance on a peace and justice agenda has earned her the hatred of the racists and the war mongers.
Months of slanderous assaults have been directed at this first African American congresswoman from Georgia, including labeling her a "loony" for suggesting that the Bush Administration be investigated for what it may or may not have known and failed to act upon about the tragic events of September 11th. Even though she has been vindicated by subsequent exposures, the attacks on McKinney's "intemperate
remarks" continue unabated.
Black politicians, however, are beginning to feel threatened by outside support of Black stooges and have begun to mobilize on behalf of McKinney, the first African American female elected to the U.S. Congress from Georgia. The Georgia Association of Black Elected Officials (GABEO) unanimously adopted a resolution on June 22nd accusing Zell Miller of "scurrilous comments" and demanded that he repair his relations with the Black community by offering McKinney "the same respect given to other elected leaders in the state of Georgia."
The Atlanta-Journal Constitution, on the other hand, has been unrelenting in it attempts to discredit McKinney. "[She] has shown herself to be a fringe lunatic, well outside the congressional mainstream," writes Cynthia Tucker in a typical commentary. She asserts that McKinney is "incapable of aiding any cause," and exhibiting an astonishing level of hypocrisy writes, "The plight of the Palestinians and their desire for an independent homeland is a serious cause deserving of thoughtful, mainstream advocates. Hilliard wasn't one and neither is McKinney."
The problem with Tucker's own "intemperate remarks" is that there are no "thoughtful, mainstream advocates" prepared to take up the defense of Palestinian sovereign rights. But there are others, and they are determined to build a
financial and political fight back to protect the outspoken advocate that is not afraid of AIPAC's vilification nor its financial war chests.
Nevertheless, spirit and courage alone do not win campaigns in the year 2002. It takes grassroots organizing combined with financial support -lots and lots of financial support. A national grassroots campaign to provide Cynthia McKinney with the necessary funds to fend off AIPAC's blood lust has emerged from coast to coast. Peace and justice forces nationwide are combining with local Black political
organizations to draw a line in the sand.
Noting, "We must stand by those who stand by us," CAIR-PAC, a Moslem based group has called for its members to "step forward" and donate to McKinney's campaign. "Her victory will also give strength to those other members of Congress who also want to vote their conscience on issues relating to the Middle East" CAIR-PAC concludes. Other Arab American groups are also soliciting their members for financial support for her re-election efforts.
Typical of the peace forces galvanizing support is Just Peace Contacts, which includes many Jewish activists. They have set an ambitious goal. "Through our networks across the country of Jews, Arabs, Christians and others active in the struggle for Justice in Israel and Palestine, we ought to be able to raise $100,000 by August 1," they say.
Lastly, a variety of Black websites and free thinkers like The Konformist are also carrying calls for financial assistance as are scores of listserves of racial justice and peace advocates.
The irony here is that Hilliard's defeat in Alabama may very well have provided the impetus for Cynthia McKinney to amass the financial means necessary to push back AIPAC's reactionary assault on Black political power in Georgia and on a congressional peace advocate nationwide.
By Frances M. Beal
Frances M. Beal is a political columnist for the San Francisco Bayview newspaper and national secretary of the Black Radical Congress.
Submitted by TheBlackList@topica.com
***AIPAC DOES NOT HAVE BLACK INTERESTS AT HEART
Make no mistake, the Israeli lobby (AIPAC)--- WHO DO NOT HAVE OUR INTEREST AT HEART---- are pouring big money in the coffers of Denise Magette. Just as they poured big money into the coffers of Artur Davis who beat Earl Hilliard in Alabama while we were complacent and missed the overall big picture.
I attended the rally last night and learned Hilliard was in line to become a top member of the Agricultural Cmtee (so he could fight for Black farmers) and the Europe committee (where he was also going to take steps to secure African artifacts---which are in Europe). Davis can't do this because being new, he has no seniority!
Unfortunately we live in an era where politicians can be bought---but it only happens because WE ALLOW IT. We can't fault the Jews because they are intelligent enough to look out for their interests and they put their money where their mouth is--and that is to support the state of Israel. We can't allow them to run candidates who are supposed to represent us but are supported by AIPAC because of their support for Israel. We must ask the question of these candidates; what have you done for US lately? What is your record in OUR community? We should see it as an INSULT that AIPAC can pour a million dollars in a candidate who supports their interest while they have not poured that same kind of financial support in the community for schools, healthcare, etc.!!
Here is Cynthia McKinney's HQ info. Send a donation (U can do so online). Tell somene you know in GA to support her. Write to the Atlanta Journal
Constitution (ajc.com) which has villified her since she exposed Bush and co.
Please pass this on. You don't have to live in GA to support the sister---what she does impacts on us all.
2600 Rainbow Way
Decatur, Georgia 30034
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Peace and Power,
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If he has the power to implement his hateful thinking,
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AHREF="http://members.aol.com/GhanaUnion/afrohero.html"Ancestor KwameToure (1941 - 1998)
BLACKS IN HIGHER EDUCATION:
AN ENDANGERED SPECIES?"
July 25, 2002
Over the past two decades, a central theme in American higher education has been "diversity." Most universities and colleges have made genuine efforts to diversify their courses, faculty, and administrative personnel. Despite the obvious political attacks against affirmative action scholarships, symbolized by California’s Proposition 209, most colleges have continued efforts to foster outreach to racial minorities and women. The good news is that many of these reforms are finally producing results, especially in regard to gender diversity. In recent weeks, for example, there was intense media coverage about black public intellectual Cornel West’s decision to leave Harvard University for a new appointment at Princeton. One factor in West’s decision may have been the extraordinary steps Princeton has taken recently to make its leadership more diverse.
As the New York Times recently reported, Princeton recently named Shirley M. Tilghman its president, the first woman to hold this position. Women also hold positions as Princeton’s provost, dean of the prestigious Woodrow Wilson School, and dean of the Engineering and Applied Science School. In the eight Ivy League universities, three of the president’s are women, including Brown’s Ruth Simmons, an African American. About 22 percent of the more than 2,000 college and university presidents in the U.S. are women, up from 9.5 percent in 1986, and only 5 percent in 1975.
Women have made less progress, however, in efforts to diversify the ranks of the senior faculty. Today, the percentage of women with full-time, tenured appointments are 52 percent of all female faculty, compared to 70 percent among male faculty. Only about 20 percent of all full professors, the highest academic rank for university teachers, are women. However, about 56 percent of all students enrolled in U.S. colleges are women.
These positive statistics about greater access for women unfortunately don’t seem to carry over for African Americans. Last month I delivered a keynote address at a conference, "Marginalization in the Academy?" organized by Dr. William Harvey and sponsored by the American Council on Education, that examined the status of blacks in higher education. The conference’s findings were both enlightening—and disturbing. The most optimistic findings show that the numbers of blacks attending graduate schools have consistently increased. As reported recently in The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, as of 2002 there were 139,000 African Americans attending graduate programs, representing over a 100 percent increase since 1984. As of 2000, over 9,300 African Americans were attending law schools, which was 50 percent more than the number of blacks enrolled in 1990.
In academic year 1999-2000, blacks received approximately 5,300 professional school degrees, a number comprising 6.7% of professional degrees awarded that year. Between 1989 and 2002, the number of African Americans who annually receive professional degrees has gone up about 70 percent. The number of black Ph.D.s produced in 2000, 1,656 doctorates, is over twice the number of blacks earning Ph.D. degrees in the late 1980s.
If the sojourn of black scholars in white academe ended there, it would appear to many to represent a remarkable multicultural transformation of white higher education. Unfortunately, the story doesn’t hardly end here. Most other recent trends actually undermine access and opportunity for most African Americans in higher education. For example, the overall percentages of African Americans employed in faculty, administrative, and professional managerial positions remain miniscule.
In 2001, the total number of African-American faculty at all institutions was 61,183, a figure representing only 6.1 percent of all U.S. faculty. The overwhelming majority of black teaching faculty are located in historically black colleges and universities, in two-year community colleges, and at largely underfunded public universities where teaching demands are high and resources for research, laboratories, travel to academic and professional conferences and libraries are modest.
The higher up the academic hierarchy one goes, the whiter the institution or scholarly society becomes. A 2001 survey of the twenty-seven highest ranked research universities in the United States indicates that 3.6 percent of all faculty are black. African-American educators remain underrepresented in the upper levels of academic administration. To really obtain a true picture of how "white" higher education is, one must disaggregate from what is frequently defined as "faculty" those who are actually adjunct professors, administrators who are counted as instructors, and faculty working on limited, term contracts.
At the highest levels of America’s educational hierarchy, African Americans virtually disappear. The American Academy of Arts and Letters (AAAS) is perhaps the nation’s most prestigious academic society. Of the AAAS’s more than 3,700 members, only 160 are African-American intellectuals, approximately only 1.6 percent of the Academy’s membership. There is on the list only one prominent African-American historian, John Hope Franklin; three prominent black sociologists—William Julius Wilson, Kenneth B. Clark, and Orlando Patterson; in anthropology, there is just Johnnetta Cole; in philosophy, only K. Anthony Appiah and Cornel West.
With these and other similar exceptions, when one considers the hundreds of outstanding African-American scholars who are today redefining the contours of academic disciplines throughout the humanities and social sciences, their lack of representation in the American Academy of Arts and Letters is indefensible and outrageous.
There is also within the changing politics of American higher education what can be called the reconfigured reality of race: the deteriorating white support for affirmative action and race-based scholarships, a retreat from a needs-blind admissions, and the implicit "writing-off" or elimination of most low-income and urban poor students from having access to elite schools.
In higher education, therefore, the real issue isn’t "diversity"—it’s "empowerment," or rather, the lack of it. Blacks still remain underrepresented at every level of the educational hierarchy. There’s an urgent need to revive Dr. Ronald Walter’s brilliant concept of a national congress of black faculty, to lobby for real change at predominantly white institutions.
We need to place greater external political pressure especially on research universities to increase scholarship and mentorship programs to expand the academic pool of potential black faculty and administrators. Major universities should establish partnerships with historically black colleges, to channel resources and to enhance black faculty development. Knowledge is always power, and we need a more effective strategy for black empowerment with these all-too-white institutions.
By Manning Marable
Dr. Manning Marable is Professor of History and Political Science, and the Director of the Institute for Research in African-American Studies at Columbia University in New York. "Along the Color Line" is distributed free of charge to over 350 publications throughout the U.S. and internationally. Dr. Marable’s column is also available on the Internet at www.manningmarable.net
Submitted by ALARKAM@webtv.net
EARTH WILL EXPIRE BY 2050
THE WORLD’S TICKING TIMEBOMB
July 7, 2002
Our planet is running out of
room and resources. Modern man has plundered so much, a damning report claims
this week, that outer space will have to be colonised.
The end of earth as we know it?
Earth's population will be forced to colonise two planets within 50 years if natural resources continue to be exploited at the current rate, according to a report out this week.
A study by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), to be released on Tuesday, warns that the human race is plundering the planet at a pace that outstrips its capacity to support life.
In a damning condemnation of Western society's high consumption levels, it adds that the extra planets (the equivalent size of Earth) will be required by the year 2050 as existing resources are exhausted.
The report, based on scientific data from across the world, reveals that more than a third of the natural world has been destroyed by humans over the past three decades.
Using the image of the need for mankind to colonise space as a stark illustration of the problems facing Earth, the report warns that either consumption rates are dramatically and rapidly lowered or the planet will no longer be able to sustain its growing population.
Experts say that seas will become emptied of fish while forests - which absorb carbon dioxide emissions - are completely destroyed and freshwater supplies become scarce and polluted.
The report offers a vivid warning that either people curb their extravagant lifestyles or risk leaving the onus on scientists to locate another planet that can sustain human life. Since this is unlikely to happen, the only option is to cut consumption now.
Systematic overexploitation of the planet's oceans has meant the North Atlantic's cod stocks have collapsed from an estimated spawning stock of 264,000 tonnes in 1970 to under 60,000 in 1995.
The study will also reveal a sharp fall in the planet's ecosystems between 1970 and 2002 with the Earth's forest cover shrinking by about 12 per cent, the ocean's biodiversity by a third and freshwater ecosystems in the region of 55 per cent.
The Living Planet report uses an index to illustrate the shocking level of deterioration in the world's forests, as well as marine and freshwater ecosystems. Using 1970 as a baseline year and giving it a value of 100, the index has dropped to a new low of around 65 in the space of a single generation.
It is not just humans who are at risk. Scientists, who examined data for 350 kinds of mammals, birds, reptiles and fish, also found the numbers of many species have more than halved.
Martin Jenkins, senior adviser for the World Conservation Monitoring Centre in Cambridge, which helped compile the report, said: 'It seems things are getting worse faster than possibly ever before. Never has one single species had such an overwhelming influence. We are entering uncharted territory.'
Figures from the centre reveal that black rhino numbers have fallen from 65,000 in 1970 to around 3,100 now. Numbers of African elephants have fallen from around 1.2 million in 1980 to just over half a million while the population of tigers has fallen by 95 per cent during the past century.
The UK's birdsong population has also seen a drastic fall with the corn bunting population declining by 92 per cent between 1970 and 2000, the tree sparrow by 90 per cent and the spotted flycatcher by 70 per cent.
Experts, however, say it is difficult to ascertain how many species have vanished for ever because a species has to disappear for 50 years before it can be declared extinct.
Attention is now focused on next month's Earth Summit in Johannesburg, the most important environmental negotiations for a decade.
However, the talks remain bedevilled with claims that no agreements will be reached and that US President George W. Bush will fail to attend.
Matthew Spencer, a spokesman for Greenpeace, said: 'There will have to be concessions from the richer nations to the poorer ones or there will be fireworks.'
The preparatory conference for the summit, held in Bali last month, was marred by disputes between developed nations and poorer states and non-governmental organisations (NGOs), despite efforts by British politicians to broker compromises on key issues.
America, which sent 300 delegates to the conference, is accused of blocking many of the key initiatives on energy use, biodiversity and corporate responsibility.
The WWF report shames the US for placing the greatest pressure on the environment. It found the average US resident consumes almost double the resources as that of a UK citizen and more than 24 times that of some Africans.
Based on factors such as a nation's consumption of grain, fish, wood and fresh water along with its emissions of carbon dioxide from industry and cars, the report provides an ecological 'footprint' for each country by showing how much land is required to support each resident.
America's consumption 'footprint' is 12.2 hectares per head of population compared to the UK's 6.29ha while Western Europe as a whole stands at 6.28ha. In Ethiopia the figure is 2ha, falling to just half a hectare for Burundi, the country that consumes least resources.
The report, which will be unveiled in Geneva, warns that the wasteful lifestyles of the rich nations are mainly responsible for the exploitation and depletion of natural wealth. Human consumption has doubled over the last 30 years and continues to accelerate by 1.5 per cent a year.
Now WWF wants world leaders to use its findings to agree on specific actions to curb the population's impact on the planet.
A spokesman for WWF UK, said: 'If all the people consumed natural resources at the same rate as the average US and UK citizen we would require at least two extra planets like Earth.'
By Mark Townsend and Jason Burke
Submitted by "Yehudah" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
[I think the world leaders have already agreed upon actions to curb the population - kill Black Folks throughout the world with the AIDS VIRUS, impoverishment, and affliction. T.Y., Editor]
WHY THE-POWERS-THAT-BE OWE DESCENDANTS OF SLAVES…BIG TIME!
AT THE HANDS OF PERSONS UNKNOWN
THE LYNCHING OF BLACK AMERICA
July 18, 2002
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., that the United States was the greatest purveyor of violence that the world had ever seen. This, a paraphrase, was made during the height of the Viet Nam conflict. Undoubtedly, the United States has a brutal history of international violence--past and present. Its national or domestic violence against Native Americans is both shameful and dastardly. Its violence against African Americans bespeaks indescribable diabolism. The United States was the only country on earth whose citizens or human beings regularly are burned at the stake.
The end of Reconstruction ushered into existence a rejuvenated anti-Black feeling. The Federal Government, in turn, adopted a nonchalant posture with regard to this hostility against Blacks. Because of this "laissez-faire" attitude on the part of the Federal Government, Blacks were reduced to a status of quasi-slavery and second-class citizenship.
During this period, an extremely tense atmosphere of racial hatred, mass violence, murder, rape, and lynchings took place. The phenomenon of lynching and brutal intimidation referred to as the "American Dark Ages" by historian, Rayford W. Logan, is the essence of Dray's book.
Lynchings were an institutionalized method utilized by Caucasian Southerners and, yes, some Caucasian Northerners to maintain "white supremacy."
James E. Cutler in his "Lynch-Law" which was the first, to my knowledge, research account of lynchings in 1905, stated that lynching was a criminal practice which was peculiar only to the United States.
Lynchings involved not only hanging, but also shootings; however, most were of a hideous, sadistic nature. There were burnings, maiming, dismemberment, castration, prolonged torture, and brutal rape. Many Caucasians resented the idea of another Black Reconstruction period; therefore, they believed that Blacks could only be controlled through fear and physical abuse. Thus, lynching was seen as the best and most effective means of control.
As I pointed out earlier, lynchings occurred throughout the United States; however, the largest percentage of this heinous crime took place in the Southern and border states. Maryland, Illinois, West Virginia, Mississippi, Georgia, Texas, Louisiana, Alabama, Indiana, Ohio, Kansas, Florida, and Kentucky were the lynching states. I hasten to point out that Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire and Vermont were the exceptions to this practice.
Ralph Ginzburg wrote the second vivid account of lynchings. His "100 Years of Lynchings" is a gruesome testimony to the low level a sick, ignorant, racist Caucasian could go.Unfortunately, Ginzburg's book was not widely circulated until Black Classic's Press republished same.
Dray admits that before he visited the Tuskegee Institute's lynching archive, he had no vivid image of lynchings other than those of the rough frontier justice and aberrational racial violence in the Deep South.
As he looked at Tuskegee's file cabinets, storage boxes, folders, and stacks of magazines and newspapers reaching the ceiling that addressed the thousands of lynchings that had taken place in the United States, he heard himself say, "A Holocaust."
The Tuskegee Records indicate that within the years 1882 and 1885, the number of whites lynched in the United States to have exceeded the number of Blacks. After the year 1886, when the school recorded the lynching of 74 Blacks and 64 whites, the number of Blacks always exceeded whites. In 1892 the archive records 162 Blacks put to death outside the bounds of the law, chiefly in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia (Dray devotes an entire chapter to the mistreatment of Blacks in Georgia), Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Kentucky. Through 1944 when lynchings first began to decline, Tuskegee recorded 3, 417 lynchings of Blacks and 1, 291 of whites. Not until 1952 did a year pass without a single lynching.
It must be stated that in 1919 the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) published "Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States, 1889-1918," which crystallized the causes of lynchings and the circumstances under which those diabolical crimes occurred.
Furthermore, the NAACP sponsored antilynching legislation such as the Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill and other proposals to make lynching a federal crime.
Leonidas C. Dyer was elected to the House in 1910; he introduced an anti-lynching bill as early as 1911. The Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill provided fines and imprisonment for persons convicted of lynching in federal courts and fines and penalties against states, counties, and towns which failed to use appropriate means to protect citizens from mob violence. The bill was killed in the senate by the filibuster of Southern senators.
I am compelled to point out that there were some Southern Caucasian organizations that did condemn lynchings during the two decades before World War II. Two of them were the Commission for Interracial Cooperation and the Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching.
Another very significant denunciation against lynching came from President Warren Harding. Harding supported the idea of anti-lynching legislation; he aptly described lynchings as a "very sore spot on our boast of civilization." A 1921 address by Harding to the nation's lawmakers had included the admonition: "Congress ought to wipe the stain of barbaric lynching from the banners of a free and orderly representative democracy."
Philip Dray's detailed research informed him that lynching was not solely germane to the South as was pointed out, but had actually begun on the colonial frontier. Because there was no rule of law, or courts, citizens became judge, jury and executioners. During the American Revolution, a Virginian named Charles Lynch, set up his own court. Lynch was a justice of the peace in the town of Chestnut Hill Virginia (neighboring Lynchburg is named for his brother). Lynch was a renegade Quaker who used profanity incessantly, much to the dismay of his fellow Quakers. As a result, he was banned from attending Quaker meetings.
Lynch's foul mouth, mean temper, and Quaker banishment gave him the impetus to create an informal court to punish plundering English Tories. When the Tories sued, the legislature exonerated Lynch, ruling that his actions were justified by imminent danger. Today the word "lynch" means to execute with due process of the law.
As was stated, lynching was not a crime committed exclusively against Black people. Before the Civil War, more Caucasian Americans were lynched than African Americans. Most Black people were slaves, and therefore, as private property, were punished by their masters.
The pattern of almost exclusive lynching of Black people came during the Reconstruction period. Former slaves wanted to own land, get an education for themselves and their children, participate in the political process--bear in mind that the Reconstruction period ushered into existence a number of Black politicians.
Caucasian Southerners wanted Blacks to remain landless, uneducated and indigent. Thus, lynching and the rape of Black were utilized as a means to "keep Niggers in their place."
Hundreds of Black people were lynched each year during Reconstruction, and many times that number each year following the North's retreat in 1877.
According to the Tuskegee Institute numbers, between the years 1882 and 1951, 4,730 people were lynched in the United States: 3,437 were Black, and 1,293 were Caucasian American. The largest number of lynchings occurred in 1892.
Of the 230 persons lynched that year, 161 were Black and 69 were Caucasian. Dray not only tells the story of Black lynch victims, but also of the struggles that Black leaders waged such as Frederick Douglas, Walter White, W. E. B. DuBois, William Monroe Trotter, James Weldon Johnson, Mary Church Terrell and others, but the most prolific, the most steadfast, the most determined of them all was Ida B. Wells.
Ms. Wells was the pioneer crusader against lynchings. She was the editor of the Memphis Free Speech. She almost single-handedly rallied anti-lynching sentiment in the United States and England. She served as chairwoman of the Anti-Lynching Bureau of the Afro-American Council. Ms. Wells published several pamphlets exposing the barbarity of lynching, including A Red Record written in 1894.
Her most incisive quote was: "One had better die fighting against injustice than die like a dog or a rat in a trap."
Her tireless research and lectures demonstrated the clarity of the myth and outright lie that lynching was necessary to protect so-called white women from ravenous Black men. This absurd lie was used to shroud the real reason which was the safeguard of "white supremacy." Ms. Wells discovered that few mob victims were ever accused of rape.
Furthermore, the Tuskegee Institute's records for the years 1882 to 1951 gave credence to Ms. Wells' findings.
According to the institute's records for those years were: 41 percent for felonious assault, 19.2 percent for rape, 6.1 percent for attempted rape, 4.9 percent for robbery and theft, 1.8 percent for insult to white persons, 22.7 percent for miscellaneous offenses or no offense, 11.5 in the last category, and all sorts of trivial offenses such as disputing with a so-called white man, attempting to register to vote, unpopularity, self-defense, testifying against a so-called white man, asking a so-called white woman for marriage, and peeping in a window.
Ms. Wells took strong issue with the claim that Black men had an insatiable sexual appetite for Caucasian women; she referred to such a claim as calumny, "A falsehood of the deepest dye." If this was so, she asked, why did it not manifest itself before and during the Civil War, when white Southern men confidently left their women alone with the slaves, or during Reconstruction when hundreds of white "Oberlin girls" came south to work as teachers in the most heavily Black districts?
To add to Ms Wells' points historian, Ulrich B. Phillips, investigated Virginia records covering the years 1783 to 1863, he found only 105 convictions of Blacks for sexual assault, 73 for rape and 32 for attempted rape. Ironically, all but 2 were so-called white women.
Another statistical fact which refutes the fallacy of rape as being the primary cause of Black lynchings was between 1882 and 1927, 92 women were victims of lynch mobs: 76 Black and 16 Caucasian.
Philip Dray's book is more than a history of lynchings; it is also a story of the quest for justice and the recognition of human life and dignity. It looks at the political, social, economical and ideological causes of racism, and race hatred with clear bifocals.
The book is informatively readable; it has 504 pages, copious notes and bibliography. There are a number of other historical connections that he cites as a means to give his theses substance--one is the lynching incident of Leo Frank, the Jew, who allegedly raped and murdered Mary Phagan, a Southern Caucasian girl.
Moreover, Dray's book is full of history that we need to know and remember. Lynching was the last great skeleton in America's closet. For centuries it devoured Blacks, and made them prone to untold misery and paranoia.
Lynching was a part of the American fabric; it was generally accepted as a way of life. Dray discusses why this was so. He shows that there was more silence than there was outcries.
I believe that Dray's book, Ginzburg's "100 Years of Lynchings," James Cameron's personal account of his near fatal death at the hands of a lynch mob in his book "A Time of Terror A Survivors Story," (Black Classics Press) will and can contribute to the discussion of why reparations should be granted to the still terrorized descendants of African slaves.
In conclusion, it is my belief that Dray's book also enhances the fact that slavery, lynching, and continued racism is Black America's Holocaust; therefore, we too, should say with stronger conviction "Never Again, and we will "Never Forget."
We should declare those statements with constructive action; then and only then will we put an end to the daily assaults that we now suffer at the hands of brute beasts.
It is befitting to cite a stanza from poet, Claude McKay: "If we must Die, Let it not be like hogs hunted and penned in an inglorious spot... Like Men We'll Face the Murderous, Cowardly Pack, Pressed to the Wall, Dying, but Fighting Back."
Note: It is highly suggested that one read Ms Ida B. Wells autobiography titled "Crusade for Justice." Also, the biography by Linda O. McMurry titled "To Keep the Waters Troubled The Life of Ida B. Wells."
By Philip Dray
Adib Rashad (RashadM@aol.com) is an education consultant, education program director, author, and historian. He has lived and taught in West Africa and South East Asia.
Reviewed by Adib Rashad (RashadM@Aol.Com)
*What's Your Opinion?
Post your comments on the DISCUSSION BOARD at
Submitted by TheBlackList eNews" <email@example.com>
AMERICA'S SHAME: CONTEMPT & THE LYNCHINGS
James Allen’s photos on the lynchings of Blacks in America
[Readers, please see: "Without Sanctuary" - America’s Shame: Contempt & The Lynchings - http://www.journale.com/withoutsanctuary]
BUSINESS EXCHANGE COLUMN - MEET AT U.S. CAPITOL
AUGUST 17, 2002
Black Press Business/Economic Feature
Week of July 28, 2002
SLAVES HELPED BUILD WHITE HOUSE
A 1790s U.S. Treasury Department note reads:
"Please pay to John Hurie the balance due for the hire of Negro Emanuel for the year 1794."
Now, Their Sons And Daughters Are Coming To Collect Wages Due A 1790s U.S. Treasury Department note read:
"Please pay to John Hurie the balance due for the hire of Negro Emanuel for the year 1794." Few entries in America's history ledger note the uncompensated economic contributions of enslaved Africans in the U.S. as John Hurie's request for payment for his hired slave. The government paid Mr. Hurie, but now some of today's Blacks want Emanuel's descendents to be compensated for their ongoing plight on these shores.
Government's debt to Blacks has been pending a long time. On December 2, 1863, when the "Freedom" statue was hoisted atop the dome of the U.S. Capitol, it was due to the workmanship of a slave at the Bladensburg (Maryland) Foundry, Philip Reid. He was responsible for the bronze casting that is a symbol of freedom around the world. Between 1790 and 1863, artisans like Reid comprised half the workforce that built the White House and the Capital. America's Capital City was built on the backs of slaves:
Those who worked Virginia's quarries, digging and transporting the stones to Washington; performing work required to place the cut stones on the walls; digging the trenches and ditches; and hauling lumber and other materials. Over a 70-year period, slaves toiled from dawn to dusk building the temples to represent a country were "all men are created equal."
Slaves cleared the trees and brush for the Mall and Washington boulevards that lead to the seat of a government "with liberty and justice for all. "Reid & Company never received a fair day's pay, but the Irish and German immigrant workers who labored beside them were paid from $4.65 to $10.50 a week. Enslavers like Hurie and Reid's owner Clark Mills received $5 a week for each of their slave's labors. On August 17, 2002, a million African Americans are scheduled to convene at the U.S. Capitol to demand compensation for the works of Reid, and other ancestors who built the Capitol, and the country's capitalistic system.
Even though Colin Powell and Condelezza Rice won't be among them, people who feel America still owes them a debt will press their case for Black Reparations at the Capitol on August 17th. Bryan Gumbel may be missing, but those attending will be standing up for contemporary victims of "America's Holocaust."
Before Phillip Reid's ancestors reached America, 15 to 25 million other Africans were killed in the Middle Passage. Subsequently, enslavement of Blacks in America lasted 246 years; followed by a century of legal racial segregation and discrimination. Though America refuses to apologize to African Americans for slavery and its vestiges, the periods constitute the world's longest running crime against humanity Though the Blacks in Corporate America won't be totally represented, those that do come will speak for millions of Blacks who remain economically and socially disabled by American slavery and the century of government-embraced racial discrimination that followed it.
Marchers don't expect Department of Justice's Larry Thompson to
be there, but
many there will decry the disproportionate number of Black men populating America's prisons. They'll be there for remedies for the high rate of birth defects among impoverished Black mothers, educational opportunities, and discuss why Black unemployment rates double that of whites year after year. As a result of the ravages of slavery and racial strictures that followed it, Blacks in America have been consigned to the Nation's economic bottom. A static economic gap has existed for Blacks since
the Emancipation Proclamation. On August 17th an aggrieved community of slave descendants will gather beneath the stature of Freedom to that centuries-old debts to them will be addressed once and for all.
By William Reed
Black Press Business/Economic Feature
Submitted by Digest for TheBlackList@topica.com
BANKING ON SLAVERY
August 7, 2002
MILWAUKEEJOHN W. JONES believes his great-great grandmother would be pleased with his art. Carrie Viola Jones was born a slave. Sometime before the age of 12, she received from her master or overseer a whipping so brutal that the scars on her back lasted all the rest of her 109 years. She died in 1963, when Jones was 13.
''She wouldn't say much about the scars,'' Jones said. ''She showed them to us, but as a kid I felt so far removed from slavery that I don't remember that it had much of an impact. But the more I do what I'm doing, the more I think about what incredible strength, determination, and courage she had to survive all that and live as long as she did.''
Jones, a 52-year-old South Carolinian, is no longer removed from slavery. He now depicts the strength and scars of his ancestors. In 1996 he was working at a blueprint shop in Charleston when a man came in to order a blowup of some Confederate money. When Jones reviewed the blowup, he saw slaves. Jones, a serious painter in his spare time, was so shocked that he furiously collected more browned and grayed Confederate bills with slaves picking cotton, corn, and tobacco or loading barrels on docks, often cheerfully. Jones brought the scenes to life in full color paintings that are currently on display in Milwaukee - along with the currency - at America's Black Holocaust Museum.
''It is the undeniable, indisputable truth that the Confederacy was very open about the fact that the backbone of its economy was slave labor,'' Jones said. ''You hear all these politicians and people who support flying the Confederate flag saying, `Oh, it's only states' rights.' Oh, it's states' rights all right. States' rights meant it was all right to keep slaves.''
Southern banks and businesses used the image of compliant slaves on currency as propaganda to maintain morale over the immoral institution. In some of his pieces Jones replicates the propaganda with bright, happy faces. In others he subverts the currency's intent with severe grimaces and piercing eyes. In one piece he changes a white goddess of money with slaves in the background into a mulatto, a clear dig at the exploitation of black labor and the rape of black women by white masters.
The exhibition becomes even more timely as one reads that much of the Confederate currency printed prior to the Civil War was printed not in the South but in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia. It is one more example how slavery's profits were enjoyed by the entire nation.
One bill collected by Jones depicts slaves and George Washington, a slave owner. Another bill collected by Jones was issued by the Atlantic and Gulf Railroad, which today is owned by CSX. CSX was one of the companies named this year in a major slavery reparations lawsuit.
In the book for Jones's exhibition, Richard Doty, a curator at the Smithsonian Institution, wrote, ''The decade or so between the Compromise of 1850 and the outbreak of the 1861 war provides us with one of the clearest links between our money and outside events. People of color were at its center.'' The central position of people of color is a reminder why it is no small thing when major politicians such as Attorney General John Ashcroft romanticize the Confederacy.
In a 1998 interview, the former Missouri senator praised Confederate leaders as ''Southern patriots'' who needed to be defended by historians ''or else we'll be taught that these people were giving their lives, subscribing their sacred fortunes and their honor to some perverted agenda.''
When the South's sacred fortune of free labor ended in the Civil War, Robert E. Lee and his wife gave voice to a new perverted agenda to keep black people far away from the center of power. Mary Custis Lee, wrote, ''When we get rid of the Freedmen's Bureau and can take the law in our own hands we may perhaps do better. If they would only take their pets North it would be happy riddance to all.''
John Jones shows why it was not so easy to get rid of the ''pets.'' The slaves, in the fullness of his acrylics, are as vibrant with humanity as Carrie Viola Jones must have been to live to 109 despite the scars on her back.
''We were all on that money, and we never got a chance to spend it,'' Jones said. ''There's probably no reasonable way to compensate for that. But when you see these bills, you can't deny how this country was built. You can say, like the cliche, our history is `right on the money.'''
By Derrick Z. Jackson
Derrick Z. Jackson's e-mail address firstname.lastname@example.org.
This story ran on page A23 of the Boston Globe on 8/7/2002.
Submitted by email@example.com
VERNON JORDAN VOICES HIS OPINION
ON EVENTS AT HOWARD UNIVERSITY
July 30, 2002
WASHINGTON (NNPA)-America is
now grappling with the kind of terrorism that Blacks have been forced to endure
throughout American history, says Vernon E. , Jr., the high-powered attorney and
confidant of former President Bill Clinton.
"None of this is new to Black people," said recently in a speech at Howard University's Rankin Memorial Chapel. "War, hunger, disease, unemployment, deprivation, dehumanization and terrorism define our existence. They are not new to us. Slavery was terrorism, segregation was terrorism, the bombing of the four little girls in Sunday School in Birmingham was terrorism. The violent deaths of Medgar, Martin, Malcolm, Vernon Dahmer, Cheney, Schwerner, Goodman were terrorism. And the difference between September 11 and the terror visited upon Black people is that on September 11, the terrorists were foreigners. But when we were terrorized, it was by our neighbors. The terrorists were American citizens."
Though he is better known as a backroom power broker who sits on a dozen corporate boards and is senior managing director of Lazard, Freres & Co., an international investment bank and financial services firm, was once head of the National Urban League, executive director of the United Negro College Fund and director of the Voter Education Project for the Southern Regional Council. But he is best known for being First Friend to Bill Clinton, playing golf with him and entertaining his family during the Christmas holidays. In his speech at Howard, was critical of President Bush without mentioning him by name.
"Here at home, we have a president elected by one vote in the Supreme Court, a president who did not really and truly become president until September 11. John Ashcroft, who lost his senate seat to a dead man, is an attorney general who spends more time covering up naked statues than he does uncovering naked injustice.
"Our national budget has gone from surplus to deficit. The national economy has gone from robust to bust - unemployment, recession, layoffs, plant closings, restructurings and bankruptcies define the national economy, despite positive predictions and an upturn in the markets. The Catholic Church is experiencing unprecedented turbulence, and confidence in business leaders and corporations is on a downward spiral."
Jordan was particularly critical of the Enron debacle, which he described as "the worst scandal in the history of corporate America." In more ways than one, it represented White-collar crime. "A measure of Enron is that not one Black executive was high enough to have an equal opportunity to participate in the scandal," Jordan notes.
Even though African-Americans have been excluded from many Corporate boardrooms and suffered indignities because of their race, they have still served as paragons for Americans, Jordan says.
"Black Americans hold America's values dearly," he explains. "At times, it seemed as if we were the only ones who did. When this nation was in the grip of racism and segregation, it was Black people who reminded America of its basic values of freedom and democracy. It was Black Americans who helped America close the gap between its beliefs and its practices." It is a role that's still being served today.
"Now that America is warring on terrorism, it is Black people who remind America that we know terrorism well," says. "We know that dangerous rhetoric can lead to acts of lunacy that kill innocents. And we know that the surest defense against terrorism is affirmation of America's basic values, the values we have learned in our churches, the values we have fought and died for in America's every war, even in segregated armies."
Speaking directly to the students at Howard University, Jordan says: "You are where you are today because you stand on somebody's shoulders. And wherever you are heading, you cannot get there by yourself. "...If you stand on the shoulders of others, you have a reciprocal responsibility to live your life so that others may stand on your shoulders. It's the quid pro quo of life."
"In all things, give thanks"
By Vernon Jordan
[I guess this was Mr. Jordan’s August 17th Reparations’ Speech, huh? If so, I give him a C+. He could have tied in more significant issues regarding our being second-class citizens in this "Land of the Free" and advice as to how Blacks can rise above this RACISM and DEGRADATION. He might have been in a hurry to play golf with Slick Willy. T.Y., Editor]
>>> Osiris, Chief Elder Comments:
Such nonsense. Mr. Jordan
has laid out what could be one of the most compelling cases for the Descendants
of our Enslaved Afrikan Ancestors to get the hell out of america and yet he
leaves our coming generation thinking that they can make a difference in america
and to america.
Look at all of the great black men and women with himself included that have come the way of america to this day and now look at the condition of america and the descendants of the Enslaved in america. Is it promise of true freedom, independence and justice you see? Do you see a flourishing and vibrant america?
So, if your answer is correct then what is it that the Black Afrikan in america has to be full of pride and assurance about, other than the status quo? And yet Mr. Jordan continues to give false hope to our young generation after painting such a true and gloomy picture about our treatment in america.
Such cowardice and hypocrisy will be the continuation of false dreams and tainted visions our children will develop and have about america and their welfare, with pride and self respect.
America is dead, she is on her way down. The filthy rich and money controllers
have all but assigned america her death warrant, they are ripping the economic heart
out of her and is preparing to give you the shell and even with that, the people in
whose hand it will fall, hold no great love for the descendants of our Enslaved
Ancestors. So for Black people in america whether america is able to bounce back from her coming death or not, the Black life condition and treatment will not change.
We in our attempt to justify remaining in america, wrongly use our Enslaved Ancestors suffering, abuse and death as a false and phony reason for staying in the morass of america, as if such insane reasoning will bring about the change in the condition of Black Folks in america.
The fact that our Enslaved Ancestors laid the foundation for america, with a gun to their heads, does not almost give justification to our remaining here. Such a tradition will not change the behavior of the devil, and if Time would reverse itself for a moment so that our Enslaved Ancestors could speak to us in the flesh they no doubt would tell us to take our behind home, not tomorrow but today, for there is where our presence is needed.
We should be getting tired and growing weary of the likes of the Vernon Jordan's among us, for they have become transformed from being and thinking Afrikans to being Afrikan entertainers, who serve Afrika with their lips while all of the time their heart is far from the motherland.
Time has swung around again to the point where we can get off and go home, with pride and compensation enough to help us to make a difference to Afrika and fight to reclaim our original position in the world, or we can buckle down and prepare for what is to be the bumpiest ride of all, in the annals of our Black Time, as it relate to the Black Afrikan experience in the Diaspora america, as well as in Afrika herself.
Should we snub our nose at this divine period of Time, we in turn curse the gods of our Time and many stripes will we feel the pain there from. The Time has come for the descendants of our Enslaved Ancestors to prepare to go Home, Back To Afrika. The original domicile of our Enslaved Afrikan Ancestors and therefore our very own as well.
It Is The Black Fool Who Say I Have Lost Nothing In Afrika!!!
A Fool Is Known By The Action Taken, After Which It Become A Statement Of Fact !
Long Live The Soul And Spirit Of That Divine Prophet The Honorable Marcus Garvey.
Complete Love To The Afrikan Nation.
Hoteph And Black Power
The Sankofa Repatriation Movement
The Pan - Afrikan Inter'National Movement
The New Black Panther Nation - Minister Malik Shabazz
Submitted by Chief Elder
[And I am inclined to agree with you, Chief! T.Y., Editor]
RE: [Chat-AfriK] FW: Vernon Jordan Voices His Opinion Of Current Events
"Mr. Jordan has laid out what could be one of the most compelling cases for the Descendants of our Enslaved Afrikan Ancestors to get the hell out of america, and yet he leaves our coming generation thinking that they can make a difference in america and to america." (Osiris)
That for sure, is a major weakness in Mr. Jordan's presentation, which may be due to lack of "adequate consciousness" for the position of Africans in the Diaspora, and their umbilical cords still tied to MOTHER AFRICA - no matter how much they wish to ignore, or deny it.
Just my opinion.
Submitted by Chat-AfriK
[Blacks have wasted enough time listening to White Folks and Black Folks who reiterate what White Folks say. T.Y., Editor]
IS THE ENGLEWOOD BEATING
REALLY ANOTHER RODNEY KING?
July 16, 2002
Earl Ofari Hutchinson, AlterNet
The beating of Donovan Jackson should send a signal to police officials that they must act swiftly and firmly against those officers who still act as if above the law.
VIGIL FOR JUSTICE
July 18, 2001
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
"TWO INDICTMENTS ON ONE CHARGE IS NOT ENOUGH" ORGANIZERS VOW TO KEEP THE PRESSURE ON BY CONTINUING PRAYER VIGIL FOR JUSTICE AT INGLEWOOD POLICE STATION
Inglewood Police Officer Jeremy Morse was indicted by a Los Angeles County Grand Jury of committing assault under color of authority, and his partner Bijan Darvish, was indicted for filing a false police report on Wednesday, July 17th, in the case of 16-year old Donovan Jackson. Jackson was slammed, while handcuffed and obviously non-resistant, head first onto the hood of an Inglewood Police car by Morse who later punched the youth in the face. The incident was caught on videotape and has been viewed by countless people nationally and internationally. While these indictments may be a promising sign, organizers of the Donovan Jackson-Chavis Justice Committee are urging the community to remain on guard. "This man was indicted, not convicted," Talibah Shakir told protestors at a prayer vigil held in the courtyard adjacent to the Inglewood Police Department on Wednesday evening. "We are going to continue this vigil until justice is a reality," she said. Shakir is the cousin of Donovan Jackson and a long-time community organizer who spearheaded the creation of the Justice Committee after Donovan’s videotaped attack was publicized early last week.
According to Thandi Chimurenga, co-spokesperson for the Justice Committee, "One count of assault under color of authority and one count of filing a false police report is not enough. It is our position that they are just attempting to pacify us. But we aren’t babies. We won’t be pacified so easily." Chimurenga stated that at minimum, all charges against the 16-year old must be dropped, and that all of the officers involved who either attacked Donovan or observed the attack and did nothing to intervene must be suspended without pay and also subjected to criminal investigation. Additionally, she said that police policy and procedures must be de-mystified so that the public can know and understand exactly what the police are taught and what their parameters are. "This whole incident could have been avoided if it weren’t for a racist police policy," Chimurenga said.
Organizers have vowed to continue their 40-day Prayer Vigil for Justice at the Inglewood Police Station every evening from 7:00 pm until 8:00 pm until justice is served in this case.
For more information, please Contact:
Thandi Chimureng: 323.293.5081 or
Talibah Shakir: firstname.lastname@example.org
[Which one of our loved ones will be next? T.Y., Editor]
Free The Mind... Free The People... Free The Land...
S. E. Regional Representative
FROM THE AFRIKAN INTER’NATIONAL MOVEMENT CORNER:
REPARATIONS/REPATRIATION IS NOT POLITICAL,
BUT IS SPIRITUAL!!!
Well, my brothers and sisters this is my last post before I leave for Detroit to attend what will be a very dynamic and energetic Conference, whose conclusion will yield results that will send us on our way back to Afrika as a New Afrikan State and from that position help assure the dawning of a New Day For Afrika And The Black Afrikan Nation.
We will among many other issues cover the issue of Reparation / Repatriation, from a True and Realistically perspective and Spiritual acknowledgment. Reparation my dear brothers and sisters will not come with a barrage of Law Suits coming from all type of sources who have all sorts of ulterior selfish motives, confusing the issue as they go their little selfish ways in pursuit for Reparation for all the wrong reasons.
Then you have those of us who approach Reparation as if it is just to get one more notch on our civil rights struggle marching belt and have no real interest on what the out come will be, for which the event is called.
Then you have those of us who have been sent by the oppressor to infiltrate and serve as a double agent so that they can keep the issue going up a dead end ally so that it can become easy prey for sabotage and confusion.
For us to deal with Reparation without Repatriation is like having a marriage with one of the partners missing and to think that we can accomplish our mission through and by how loud we shout or how many meaningless law suits through the slow moving court system, which is controlled by the very folks who now enjoy the fruits of our
Enslaved Ancestors Labor, caused by an institution of Chattel Slavery, for which their fore fathers created is some what bordering on the surface of fantasy.
Reparation must be approached with the knowledge that our Enslaved Ancestors are right there looking at our every move, willing to assist if only we approach them.
We must be able to hear their voices and the guidance they are giving to us in this matter and it sure is not without the compliance with the universal rule of Law of opposites and that mean that whenever we speak of Reparation we must in the same voice speak of Repatriation, with our sight on Afrika as our Reparation / Repatriation goal.
Now the old ignore it, and it will go away strategy will not work with this particular issue and for it to work spell defeat for Reparation because such a tactic would only be an act of disrespecting the very people that have made it possible for us to demand this type of restitution, our Enslaved Afrikan Ancestors.
Yes, my dear brothers and sisters the issue of Reparation / Repatriation is a Spiritual one, only the separating of the two make it to become a political issue and in doing so we have eliminated the common denominator, our Enslaved Ancestors, because to eliminate Repatriation, eliminates the Spiritual aspect of the cause. And it is the Spirituality of the issue upon which our Enslaved Ancestors rest and will assure our victory for the Afrikan Nation and not our selfish desires merely for material gain and america stay.
Yes, I intend to be in D.C. on my Spiritual Father’s Birthday, and I want nothing but success for the Gathering to take place for an ordained cause, Reparation /Repatriation.
It Is The Black Fool Who Say I Have Lost Nothing In Afrika!!!
A Fool Is Verified By The Action Taken, After Which It Become A Statement Of Fact!
All Respect And Honor To The Prophet Marcus Garvey.
Complete Love To The Afrikan Nation
THE SANKOFA RECLAMATION MOVEMENT
THE PAN - AFRIKAN INTER’NATIONAL MOVEMENT
July 30, 2002
The Sankofa Repatriation
Movement, now put a challenge to all Afrikans both in Afrika as well as in the
Diaspora to consider the formation of an International Afrika Emancipation Black
United Fund Foundation, the primary way of contribution to this foundation will
be through pay roll deduction.
Now I know there are wise and intelligent minds with Afrikans of various professional and educational experiences that can fine tune this idea and shape and mold it so that it could become a reality.
All moneys raised will go to the benefit and up liftment of the Black
Afrikan People regardless of tribe, tradition, cultural differences and States
resident because all affinities is no more than cosmetics that have the true and real face of Afrikans covered and will come off in Time, with the end result and goal being a return of the Diaspora Afrikans as a new State and the reunification of the Black Afrikan Nation.
Now you all chew on this for a while and let me know if you think it can be done, no let me rephrase that, let me know if you are up to the challenge, for it can be done if we want it to be.
All we need to do is organize and work out the mechanics and agree to the structure
Hoteph And Black Power
The Sankofa Repatriation Movement
The Pan - Afrikan Inter'National Movement
The New Black Panther Nation
Let the records show that on Saturday July 20th 2002 a new organization was born in Detroit Michigan that promises to permanently change the relationship between the continent of Afrika and her scattered children throughout the world (commonly referred to as the Diaspora).
The Sankofa Repatriation Movement is the name of that organization, and it's birth came about as a result of a culmination of years and preparation and a energized conference that took place on July 19th and 20th. The gathering was a highly charged and spiritual affair.
The fruits of the labors and ambitions of this organization will be revealed in the coming months and years as a vigorous effort to reparate and repatriate the scattered. Sons and Daughters of Afrika will up the ante of the entire reparations discussion.
To the nay-sayers we say...."get behind us". To the hopeless we say....."Work with us and enjoy renewed hope".
To all that attended we extend our sincere gratitude and share in your hopes and prayers for the rebirth and rise of our people.
To all that didn't we offer you another opportunity to join us in waging the battle that is holy, righteous, and uncompromising.
We will be conferencing again next year in Detroit, Michigan (Date to be announced). When the date is announced, make your plans to be there. Our organization is off and running.
Be in Washington D.C. on August 17th on the occasion of the "Million For Reparations" march, and meet our chairman Chief Elder Osiris Akkebala.
Now is the time for the resurrection of the Afrikan!
Sankofa Repatriation Movement
WHY AN AFRIKAN STATE FOR THE DESCENDANTS OF THE ENSLAVED AFRIKANS
July 23, 2002
You know my brothers and sisters, we the descendants of our Enslaved Afrikan Ancestors are entitled to some of the land in Afrika, and there is no if and buts about it and anybody who challenge such a divine right Black or White, or indifferent, is one who have yet to reach a level of Spiritual awakening and political awareness.
Any Black Afrikan who would suggest that the Diaspora Afrikan here by way of the Middle Passage is undeserving of any part of Afrika or attempt to make a joke out of such serious and just request is either mental derange or down right without the vision of what is required to bring Afrika back alive again.
The reality of Afrika situation does not embrace an act of integration of the Afrikan at home and the Diaspora Afrikan at this Time, in both of our condition on both sides of the Atlantic. For Anybody to suggest a mass exodus of Afrikans back to Afrika as settlers would be impersonating an assassin in the cruelest way.
Afrika in her present condition is not conducive to Afrikans going to Afrika as settlers, the only way for Afrika to be helped by the Diaspora Afrikans is that we must go as an organized New Afrikan State, establishing ourselves with the Reparation owed to our Enslaved Ancestors as that New State in Afrika that will helped bring Afrika back Alive again.
What some of us will not face is that the problem primarily with Afrika are that those forces that are in Afrika exploiting the Land and controlling the resources and major institution, controlling what little infrastructure Afrika has. There has to be a turn around in Afrika, that is if Afrika is to survive.
The Sankofa Repatriation Movement strongly demand Reparation for the purpose to Repatriation back to Afrika as the New Afrikan State. The brothers and sisters need not be worried about their descendants Sisters and brothers, we will be coming to purge the Land and reunite the Nation.
With the basic training the Diaspora Afrikan has, we are well qualified to meet the challenge that Afrika has in store for us. Afrika will be Emancipated with the help of the descendant of our Enslaved Ancestors.
THE SANKOFA REPATRIATION MOVEMENT
Submitted by email@example.com
PANAFRICANISM - KEY LINK
(AFRICA + DIASPORA)
July 17, 2002
SADA says Africa is for the Africans, those at home and those abroad., No man born of woman can comprehend the hidden realities behind Chattel Slavery. No human being can see what is ahead of us of the principles behind God's scheme for allowing slavery.
But one African man called Rufus Olumba has gone into the spiritual world and has come out with the following: "God allowed slavery solely for the freedom of humanity". I think after 62 years of life, the definition is very close to what I think is going to happen.
The link between continental Africans and Diaspora Africans is divine and no person can destroy it. Read Genesis Chapter 45 v. 5. Africans in America will redeem Africa from all the problems; spiritual and mundane. Let us watch history on fold as the children of USA do as is written in Ezra chapter 2 v. 1. When the time comes, all the Africans will go back into their own city. The time is not up, Chief Osiris. Weep not for the Negroes in Africa, whom you think should understand are also at fault for they are also Europeans.
One time I watched the Olympic game. It was running. All the runners were Africans, but they represented all the nations of the world. To me that was prophecy fulfilled. For Black African chattels to represent Great Britain, France, Germany, USA and other African countries, I was impressed.
Now to turn back to what our Noble Chief has commented. Why he thinks the Negroes in Africa have as much interest in our history is because, he does not know the Europeanized Africans. The thing to do is not to cry over the lack of participation in the Africa Union by the Africans in America.
What we should worry about is the fact that it is impossible to get Africans in America to understand what all the others have done in USA. Most of the ethnic groups in USA have social organizations.
I have written on this subject over and over again. Once we have a social group here for the African interest, it will be the continental Africans who will seek the Africans in America. There are many reasons for this. One reason is the fact that we in USA are in the land of the MOST advanced nation ever built by man except perharps the Spiritual Civilization of Africa.
Our nation USA responds only to organized communities. Since William Lynch has achieved his goal of creating a disorganized African society in USA, and as you know, a disorganized society is a useless society and a pathetic one. We are very miserable because we have no recognition anywhere, in USA or in Africa. What we need is an organized front to take care of our sick, our poor and our imprisoned.
FORWARD EVER BACKWARDS
AFRICANS MUST UNITE
Kofi Agyapong, SADA, Washington DC.
Submitted by KAfrica33
WHY AN AFRIKAN STATE FOR
THE DESCENDANTS OF THE ENSLAVED AFR…
July 23, 2002
SADA says Africa is for the Africans those at home and those abroad. Those abroad include those who have been out of Africa since 1619. Countries and states have already been formed and those who have been away must of necessity go into one of the countries into one of the cities. The King of Ethiopia gave land to Diaspora Africans and those who want to build new cities can go into my lands in Ghana and build cities. 40, 000,000 Africans is large enough to create more than ten cities.
Let us be real. Not many of us can go to Africa. It takes money. How many continental Africans have been able to visit their own native lands since they came here. It takes money. The reasons why many Africans continental or Diaspora have not been able to go to Africa for even a visit is because, it takes money and most of us do not have money laying around.
No matter what happens, Diaspora Africans will go home one day and nobody can prevent them. Our experience is a Divine one and God will direct us what to do. Read Ezra Chapter 2 v. 1 and know that each African American will go into her/his own city? How can people who have been in USA for over 400 years go home? Their homes will be the homes of the continental Africans who are here now.
The continental Africans are going to impart the languages of Africa to the African Americans and it will be so that the language will be so spoken by the African Americans that no one will be able to tell whether they were born on the continent or in the Diaspora. If you do not believe it call 202-529-5410 and ask for TJ Baxter, an African born in Chicago but now citizen of Afrantwo.
FORWARD EVER BACKWARD NEVER:
AFRICANS WILL UNITE:
Kofi Agyapong, SADA, Washington, D.C.
SADA SAYS NOTHING HAS WORKED FOR US IN 400 YEARS
July 25, 2002
SADA says there is no doubt that Africa is for those at home and those abroad. The millions of Africans in USA and elsewhere will go home to complete the works of God for they have known the EUROPEAN more than any other African. It is the method of going about educating our masses that we must examine carefully, because the successive generations have come and gone and when you look at the community they had lived in, there is very little evidence to show that men and women have matched this way before or there was ever a "RESURRECTION CITY".
If you are for real, look around you and tell me what reminds you daily, or weekly, or monthly, or yearly, that Africans have been enslaved in USA. We must "SANKOFA" the past and build institutions to reflect our past or else, we die as a people.
If you go to Rome do what the Romans do. Why don't we do what
the White people do, but rather choose to do things which even the PAN Africans
finds it harder to belong. Let us examine our 400 years of sojourn into the
Diaspora and find out what has
worked for us. The churches have not done well, although some are very serious, matches in Washington, DC did not, Pan Africans died with the Creation of OAU, NAACP has not, Urban League has not.
Please, let me know what institutions have worked for us. If none of the above have worked for us, why don't you join what is working.
Submitted by Digest for TheBlackList@topica.com, issue 1157
[I couldn’t agree more! T.Y., Editor]
LAST BUT NOT LEAST:
THE ROGUE STATE
"MOURN ON THE FOURTH OF JULY"
(FROM THE MIRROR NEWS IN THE UK)
July 4, 2002
FOR 101 days, Royal Marines have been engaged in a farcical operation as mercenaries of the United States whose lawlessness now qualifies it as the world's leading rogue state.
Shooting at shadows, and the occasional tribesman, blowing up mounds of dirt and displaying "captured" arms for the media, all have been part of the Marines' humiliating role in Afghanistan - a role foisted upon them by the Blair government, whose deference to and collusion with the Bush gang has become a parody of the imperial courtier.
Gang is not an exaggeration. The word, in my dictionary, means "a group of people working together for criminal, disreputable ends". That describes accurately George W Bush and those who write his speeches and make his decisions and who, since their rise to power, have undermined the very basis of international law.
BOMB FIRST, FIND OUT LATER: George Bush announced the start of indiscriminate bombing of Afghanistan
In Afghanistan, their record is beyond question. The killing on Monday of some 40 guests at a wedding was not a "blunder" but the direct result of a policy of shoot and bomb first and find out later, as announced by George W Bush in the weeks following September 11.
The capacity of the American military machine to smash impoverished countries was never in dispute - conditional, that is, on the absence of American ground troops and their substitution by "allied" forces, like the Royal Marines. (During the heyday of the British Empire, Indian and other colonial troops were used in a similar role, although the British, unlike the Americans, were also prepared to sacrifice their own soldiers). Since last October, Afghan leaders have reported American aircraft destroying villages "too small to be marked on any map" with "more than 300 people killed" in one night. In a family of 40, only a small boy and his grandmother survived, reported Richard Lloyd Parry of the Independent.
Out of sight of the television cameras "at least 3,767 civilians were killed by US bombs between October 7 and December 10...an average of 62 innocent deaths a day", according to a study carried out at the University of New Hampshire in the US. This is now estimated to have passed 5,000 civilian deaths: almost double the number killed on September 11.
There is no evidence that a single leader of al-Qaeda has been captured or, to anyone's knowledge, killed. Neither has the leader of the Taliban. The change in Afghanistan is minimal compared with the murderous feudalism that ruled during the 1990s, and before the Taliban came to power.
FOR all the cosmetic changes in Kabul, the capital, women still dare not go unveiled. "The Taliban used to hang the victim's body in public for four days," quipped the new American-installed regime's Minister of Justice. "We will only hang the body for a short time, say fifteen minutes, after a public execution."
Describing this as a "triumph of good over evil", as Bush has said, with an echo from Blair, is like lauding the superiority of the German war machine in 1940 as a vindication of Nazism.
Not only the Marines but the British public ought to feel duped. Both Washington and Whitehall knew long ago al-Qaeda was finished in Afghanistan. Apart from the element of revenge, for home gratification, the Americans have set out to reassert the control of their favourite warlords: people responsible for thousands of deaths in their stricken country.
POODLE: Tony Blair does George Bush's bidding for him
In October, the US planned to install a regime dominated by members of the Pashtun tribe, who, they predicted, would desert the Taliban. But the split in the Taliban never happened and the Americans have since changed tack and tried to put together a "coalition" of Tajik and Uzbek warlords. The current "interim president", Hamid Karzai, although a Pashtun, has neither a tribal nor military powerbase. He is simply America's man.
The presence of the Royal Marines, leading the so-called "International Security Assistance Force", is for reasons straight out of the nineteenth century. At the Americans' bidding, the Marines were meant to keep the favoured warlords from each other's throats until the region could be "stabilised" for American oil and other strategic interests.
Potential vast energy sources in Central Asia have become critical for the deeply troubled US economy, and for the Bush administration, which is dominated by oil industry interests, notably the Bush family itself. An investigation by the Hong Kong-based Asia Times in January found that the US was frantically developing "a network of multiple Caspian pipelines".
THE disgraced Enron Corporation, one of Bush's biggest campaign backers, conducted a feasibility study for a $2.5billion oil pipeline being built across the Caspian Sea. Top current and former American officials, including Vice President Cheney, "have all closed major deals directly and indirectly on behalf of the oil companies", says the Asia Times.
If there was a map of American military bases established in the region to fight "the war on terrorism" what would be immediately striking is that it would follow almost exactly the route of the projected oil pipeline to the Indian Ocean.
Blair and the voluble Geoffrey Hoon have, of course, offered none of this vital information to the British people, let alone to the British soldiers sent to play America's imperial game. Fortunately, the troops suffered only gastric flu. The Afghan people have not been as lucky.
Any doubt about the systematic murderous way the US military has operated in Afghanistan is dispelled by a report in the American press in May of children gunned down in wheat fields and as they slept. For four hours, American helicopter gunships saturated the fields and a village with bullets and rockets before landing to disgorge US troops who shot survivors and detained other "suspects".
In fact, the area was renowned for its opposition to the Taliban and the governor of Oruzgan province confirmed that those murdered "were ordinary people. There were no al-Qaeda or Taliban here."
SLAUGHTER: An Afghan farmer mourns for his dead children, killed by American bombing
In recent months, the American rogue state has torn up the Kyoto treaty, which would decrease global warming and the probability of environmental disaster. It has threatened to use nuclear weapons in "pre-emptive strikes" (a threat echoed by Hoon). It has tried to sabotage the setting up of an international criminal court, understandably, because its generals and leading politicians might be summoned as defendants. It has further undermined the authority of the United Nations by allowing Israel to block a UN committee's investigation of the Israeli assault on the Palestinian refugee camp at Jenin; and it has ordered the Palestinians to get rid of their elected leader in favour of an American stooge.
It ignored the World Food Summit in Italy; and at summit conferences in Canada and Indonesia it has blocked genuine aid, such as clean water and electricity, to the most deprived people on earth. Proposals to increase American food subsidies by 80 per cent are designed to secure American domination of the world foodgrains market. ("When we get up from the breakfast table every morning," said the chief executive of the Cargill corporation, the world's biggest food company, "much of what we have eaten - cereals, bread, coffee, sugar and so on - has passed through the lands of my company." Cargill's goal is to double in size every five to seven years).
There is a desperate edge to most of America's rogue actions. The Christian "free market" fundamentalists running Washington are worried. The US current account deficit is running at a record $34billion. Foreign purchases of the huge US debt are falling rapidly. The US stock market is heavily over-valued, and the dollar is uncertain. As one commentator has put it, the "Bush doctrine" looks like "one last attempt to order the world entirely around the requirements of US monopoly capital, before it can long hope to do so".
IN other words this may well be the last throw of the dice before the US economy goes into serious decline - as yesterday's dramatic fall in the stock markets indicated.
This means controlling the oil and fossil fuel riches in Central Asia. It means attacking Iraq, installing a replacement Saddam Hussein and taking over the world's second-largest source of oil. It means surrounding a new economic challenger, China, with bases, and intimidating the leaders of its principal economic rival, Europe, by undermining NATO, and setting off a trade war.
I have just visited the United States, and it is clear many people there are worried. And many dare not say so. Their views are seldom reported in the American mainstream media, which is self-censored and controlled, perhaps as never before.
Instead, the air is thick with the views of the likes of Charles Krauthammer, of the Washington Post. "Unilateralism is the key to our success," he wrote, in describing the world of the next fifty years: a world without protection from nuclear attack or environmental damage for the citizens of any country except the United States; a world where "democracy" means nothing if its benefits are at odds with American "interests"; a world in which to express dissent against these "interests" brands one a terrorist and justifies surveillance and repression.
There is only one way such rogue power can be resisted. It is by speaking out and urgently. If our government won't, we must.
*John Pilger's new book, The New Rulers of the World, is published by Verso.
Submitted by Tziona Yisrael
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